John Mylne (d. 1621)
John Mylne (died 1621) was a Scottish master mason, the first of three successive generations of the name to serve as Master Mason to the Crown of Scotland. He was born in Dundee into a family of master builders. His great-grandfather, also John (died 1513), had been Master Mason to both James III and James IV. He was the son of Thomas Mylne (d. 1605), Master Mason to the Crown and burgess of Dundee. His grandfather Robert Mylne (d. 1549) had been provost of Dundee.
Mylne was well established as a mason by the 1580s. He was made a burgess of Dundee in 1587 for various works in the city, and in particular his renewing of the royal burgh's harbour. He also built the mercat cross which formerly stood in the High Street. In 1584-5 he was engaged on alterations to The Drum, a tower house in Lothian, for the 7th Lord Somerville. The Drum, now on the south-east edge of Edinburgh, was rebuilt as a Palladian house by William Adam in the 18th century. In 1589 he built or extended Bannatyne House in Newtyle, Angus, for justice Thomas Bannatyne. Mylne was Master of the Mason's Lodge at Scone at a time when the mason's lodges were moving away from being simply craft guilds, and he admitted King James VI to the lodge as a Freeman Mason.
From 1604 to 1617 he was engaged planning and executing an eleven-arched bridge across the River Tay at Perth. Mylne was made a burgess of Perth in 1607, although his bridge was destroyed by a flood in October 1621, just four years after completion, and shortly after Mylne's death. In 1620 he was engaged by the Laird of Scone to build a new church at Falkland, which he worked on with the assistance of his son until his death.
Mylne married Helen Kinnereis, or Kenneries, and had one recorded child, his son John. He died in early 1621, and was buried in Greyfriars Kirkyard in Perth, where his monument, including a 1774 tablet added by his descendent Robert Mylne, still stands.
- No official record of his appointment exists, but he is described as such in contemporary documents. Colvin, Howard (1978) A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840, pp.567-8
- Colvin, pp.567-8
- McIntosh, Iain D. (2014). "The Mylne Family of Dundee". Provincial Grand Lodge of Forfarshire. Provincial Grand Lodge of Forfarshire. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
- The cross was removed to a churchyard in 1777.
- Howard, Deborah (1995) Architecture of Scotland: Reformation to Restoration, 1560-1660 Edinburgh University Press, p.216
- Colvin (pp.567-8) states Mylne carried out extensions, but the National Monument Record for Bannatyne House names Mylne as the building's architect.
- Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 1921–22.
- Colvin, Howard (1978) A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840. 4th edition, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12508-5.
- Howard, Deborah (1995) Architecture of Scotland: Reformation to Restoration, 1560-1660, Edinburgh University Press.
- National Monuments Record of Scotland. "Bannatyne House, Site Reference NO24SE 11". Retrieved 2007-06-27.