He was the son of the Rev. William Miles Myres and his wife, Jane Linton, and was educated at Winchester College. He graduated B.A. at New College, Oxford in 1892. Myres became the first Wykeham Professor of Ancient History, at the University of Oxford, in 1910, having been Gladstone Professor of Greek and Lecturer in Ancient Geography, University of Liverpool from 1907. He contributed to the British Naval Intelligence Division Geographical Handbook Series that was published during the Second World War, and to the noted 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910–1911).
Myres was president of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 1928 and 1931. His work in Cyprus spanned several decades, with the German archaeologist Max Ohnefalsch-Richter he published the first catalogue of the Cyprus Museum and he excavated at Lapithos in 1913 with Leonard Halford Dudley Buxton.
- Excavations in Cyprus in 1894 (1897)
- Copper and Bronze in Cyprus and South-East Europe (1898)
- A catalogue of the Cyprus museum, with a chronicle of excavations undertaken since the British occupation, and introductory notes on Cypriote archaeology (1899)
- Notes on the History of the Kabyle Pottery (1902)
- Sarcophagus from Amathus, Sarcophagus from Golgi (1909-1911)
- The value of ancient history (1910)
- The Dawn of History (1911)
- Handbook of the Cesnola collection of antiquities from Cyprus (1914)
- Notes on the ‘Prison of Saint Catharine’ at Salamis in Cyprus (1915)
- The influence of anthropology on the course of political science (1916)
- The Political Ideas of the Greeks (1927)
- Who were the Greeks? (1930), Sather Lectures ISSN 0080-6684
- The Early Pot-Fabrics of Asia Minor (1930)
- The Cretan Labyrinth: A Retrospect of Aegean Research (1933)
- The Amathus Bowl: A Long-Lost Masterpiece of Oriental Engraving (1933)
- A Modern 'Kernos' Vessel from Tiflis (1937)
- A 'Kernos,' or Ring-Vase, in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts (1939)
- Excavations in Cyprus, 1913 (1940-1945)
- Concentric Circle Ornament on Vessels of Wood from the Taurus (1952)
- Herodotus (1953)
- D.H.G. "J.L. Myres: [Obituary]", The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 74. (1954), pp. 181–182.
- "MYRES, John Linton". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1285.
- Boardman, John. "Myres, Sir John Linton". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35180. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "MYRES, John Linton". The International Who's Who in the World. 1912. p. 801.
- Braunholtz, H. J.; Firth, Raymond (1939). "88. J. L. Myres: Past President of the Royal Anthropological Institute; Editor of `Man.'". Man. 39: 97–98. doi:10.2307/2791529. ISSN 0025-1496.
- Works written by or about John Myres at Wikisource
- Works by John Myres at Project Gutenberg
- Article on Myers at the Pitt Rivers Museum
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