John Nation

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John James Henry Nation
Local Defence Volunteers (LDV) being inspected by senior officers at their post in Whitehall, London, 21 June 1940. H1896.jpg
John Nation inspecting Home Guard troops in 1940
Born (1874-05-12)12 May 1874
Died 11 May 1946(1946-05-11) (aged 71)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Brigadier-General
Battles/wars First World War, Second World War
Awards CVO, DSO

Brigadier-General John James Henry Nation, CVO, DSO (5 December 1874 – 5 November 1946)[1] was a British Army officer who became a Conservative Party politician.


Nation was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on 1 April 1895, and promoted to lieutenant on 1 April 1898. He served in the Second Boer War in South Africa from 1899 to 1902. He was first posted in the Orange Free State, including engagements at Vet River and Zand River; later in the Transvaal, where he was present at actions near Johannesburg and Pretoria, including the battles of Diamond Hill (June 1900) and Belfast (August 1900); and eventually in Cape Colony, south of the Orange River.[2] Following the end of the war in June 1902, he left Cape Town for England on the SS Moravian in August 1902.[3] He was stationed in Buncrana in 1903.[2]

Nation served in the First World War and at the headquarter of Marshal Foch 1918–19. From 1927 till 1931 he was Military attaché Rome.[4] He was elected at the 1931 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hull East, defeating the sitting Labour MP George Muff. At the 1935 general election, Nation lost the seat to Muff, and never stood for election to the House of Commons again.[5]

General Nation worked as a war correspondent with the BEF. In 1940 he became Zone Commander of the Home Guard (United Kingdom) until 1942.[4]


He was married to Olive Elizabeth, widow of Capt Walter Rubens.[4]


  1. ^ "House of Commons constituencies beginning with "h" (part 4)". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ a b Hart′s Army list, 1903
  3. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Return of Troops". The Times (36844). London. 12 August 1902. p. 10. 
  4. ^ a b c Sarah E Parker:"Grace & Favour A handbook of who lived where in Hampton Court Palace 1750 to 1950" Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 2005, Historic Royal Palaces, ISBN 1 873993 50 1
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 156. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Muff
Member of Parliament for Hull East
Succeeded by
George Muff