John Newlands (Australian politician)

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The Honourable
Sir John Newlands
John Newlands.jpg
President of the Australian Senate
In office
1 July 1926 – 13 August 1929
Preceded by Thomas Givens
Succeeded by Walter Kingsmill
Senator for South Australia
In office
1 July 1913 – 20 May 1932
Personal details
Born (1864-08-04)4 August 1864
Nairnshire, Scotland
Died 20 May 1932(1932-05-20) (aged 67)
Glenelg, South Australia
Nationality Scottish Australian
Political party Labor (1913–16)
National Labor (1916–17)
Nationalist (1917–31)
UAP (1931–32)
Occupation Railway worker

Sir John Newlands KCMG, CBE (4 August 1864 – 20 May 1932), also known as John Newland, was a Scottish-born Australian politician.[1]

Born in Nairnshire, Newlands was the son of Andrew Newlands, agricultural labourer, and his wife Ann, née Stunar.[1] Newlands was educated in Croy, Scotland before migrating to New South Wales, Australia in 1883. He married Theresa Glassey on 27 February 1884 in Adelaide, and that year began to use Newland as his surname.[1] He became a railway worker, also in 1894, initially as a lamp cleaner. He was secretary of the Railway Officers' Association and sat on Terowie District Council.

In November 1906 Newland was elected to the South Australian House of Assembly as the Labor member for Burra Burra.[1] In February 1912 he lost his marginal seat in South Australian state election, 1912, but was elected to the Australian Senate in the Australian federal election, 1913 as a Labor Senator for South Australia. He left the Labor Party in the wake of the 1916 split over conscription, joining the Nationalist Party. He was knighted in 1926, and reverted his name to Newlands.[1] On 1 July 1926, he was appointed President of the Senate, succeeding Thomas Givens. He held the presidency until 13 August 1929, when he was succeeded by Walter Kingsmill. He had several periods of convalescence due to ill health[1] and died in 1932 in Glenelg, Adelaide, South Australia, while his term was still unexpired. No appointment was made.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Grainger, G. (1988). "Newland, Sir John (1864–1932)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Carr, Adam (2012). "Australian Election Archive". Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Thomas Givens
President of the Senate
Succeeded by
Walter Kingsmill