John Ogilvie (saint)
Drumnakeith, Banffshire, Scotland
|Died||10 March 1615 (aged 35–36)|
Glasgow Cross, Scotland
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
|Beatified||22 December 1929|
|Canonized||17 October 1976|
John Ogilvie (1579 – 10 March 1615) was a Scottish Jesuit martyr. For his work as a priest in service to a dwindling Roman Catholic community in 17th century Scotland, and in hanging for his faith, he became the only post-Reformation Scottish saint.
John was the eldest son of Walter Ogilvie, a respected Calvinist who owned the estate of Drumnakeith in Banffshire. At the age of twelve he was sent to the European continent to be educated. He attended a number of Catholic educational establishments, under the Benedictines at Regensburg in Germany and with the Jesuits at Olmutz and Brunn in Moravia.
In the midst of the religious controversies and turmoil that engulfed the Europe of that era, he decided to become a Catholic. In 1596, aged seventeen, he was received into the Catholic Church at Leuven, Belgium. He joined the Society of Jesus in 1599 and was ordained a priest at Paris in 1610. After ordination he served in Rouen in Normandy where he made repeated requests to be sent to Scotland to minister to the few remaining Catholics in the Glasgow area. (After 1560 it had become illegal there to preach, proselytise for, or otherwise endorse Catholicism.)
It was his hope that some Catholic nobles there would aid him, given his lineage. Finding none, he went to London, then back to Paris, and finally returned to Scotland in November 1613 disguised as a horse trader named John Watson. Thereafter he began to preach in secret, celebrating Mass clandestinely in private homes. This ministry was to last less than a year. In October 1614, Ogilvie was discovered and arrested in Glasgow under the orders of Archbishop Spottiswood, and was imprisoned. He was initially treated well, but after continually refusing to confess, was tortured by sleep deprivation until he gave the names of some of his accomplices. He aggravated his position by refusing to pledge allegiance to King James, and it was for this crime that he was tried. During the trial he accused the king of 'playing the runagate from God' and stated he would acknowledge him no more than an 'old hat'. Found guilty, he was hanged and drawn at Glasgow Cross on 10 March 1615, aged thirty-six.
Ogilvie's last words were: "If there be here any hidden Catholics, let them pray for me but the prayers of heretics I will not have." After he was pushed from the stairs, he threw his concealed rosary out into the crowd. According to legend, one of his enemies caught it and subsequently became a devout, lifelong Catholic. After his execution Ogilvie's followers were rounded up and put in jail. They suffered heavy fines, but none received the death penalty.
As a martyr of the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation he was beatified in 1929 and canonised in 1976 on 17 October, becoming the only post-Reformation Scottish saint. His feast day is celebrated on 10 March in the Catholic Church. In Corby, Northamptonshire — an English town with a strong Scottish heritage — a Catholic church registered in March 1980 is dedicated to John Ogilvie. In the Scottish Highlands there is a Catholic Parish of three Mass centres in Alness, Invergordon and Tain dedicated to John Ogilvie. At the service to mark the quadricentenary of his death, he was described as "Scotland's only Catholic martyr".
- Patrick Hamilton (martyr)
- George Wishart
- List of Protestant martyrs of the Scottish Reformation
- Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
- List of Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation
- John Black (martyr)
- George Douglas (martyr)
- William Gibson (martyr)
- Patrick Primrose
- Hugh Barclay of Ladyland, David Graham, Laird of Fintry, Spanish blanks plot
- Alexander Cameron (priest)
- Saint John Ogilvie, patron saint archive
- "Patron Saints Index: Saint John Ogilvie". 15 January 2009. Archived from the original on 15 January 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- Lamal, Nina. "Hanged & Drawn: How the story of a Scottish martyr spread across Germany". Preserving the World's Rarest Books. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "10. mars: Den hellige John Ogilvie (~1580–1615)". 13 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 March 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Solenne canonizzazione in San Pietro del beato Giovanni Ogilvie vatican.va, article in Italian
- "Irondequoit Catholic Communities – – John Ogilvie". 11 October 2008. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "No. 48154". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 April 1980. p. 5584.
- Jesuits in Britain - Call to honour Scotland's only martyr - 20 March 2017