John Overton (judge)
|Superior Court Judge|
|Preceded by||Andrew Jackson|
|Born||April 9, 1766|
Louisa County, Virginia
|Died||April 12, 1833 (aged 67)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary McConnell White|
|Profession||Judge, lawyer, banker, slave trader|
Early life and education
Overton was born on April 9, 1766 in Louisa County, Virginia. His parents were James Overton and Mary Waller; his father was a great-grandson of Robert Overton, the Parliamentarian military commander during the English Civil War (and friend of Marvell and Milton).
In 1787, he began his law career and moved to Nashville, Tennessee in 1789, to practice law at the Davidson County court. He was elected to succeed his friend Andrew Jackson as a member of the Superior Court of Tennessee in 1804, where he served as a judge until 1810. His elder brother Thomas Overton served as Jackson's second in his duel with Charles Dickinson. In 1819, he founded Memphis, Tennessee on land he owned with Andrew Jackson and James Winchester.
Overton engaged in the slave trade and became one of the wealthiest men in Tennessee. Emily Berry was sold by Overton in Memphis. Her children Mary, Martha, Billy and Minerva were looking for her years later.
He was married to Mary McConnell White, the daughter of Knoxville founder, James White. He built Greenlevel in Collierville, Tennessee, although he continued to live at Travellers Rest in Nashville.
Later life and death
He died April 12, 1833 at Travellers Rest, his Nashville home.
The nearby John Overton Comprehensive High School, located just across the railroad tracks that abut the property, is named in his honor.
Overton Park in midtown of Memphis was named after John Overton.
The Overton Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons on the historic courthouse square in Rogersville, Tennessee was named after John Overton and is the oldest continuously operating Masonic lodge in the state of Tennessee, and has been operating from the same building since circa 1840, and is a contributing property to the Rogersville Historic District.
He is the great-great grandfather of World War II veteran Richard Arvin Overton (b. May 11, 1906; d. December 27, 2018) who, at the age of 112 years, 255 days, was both the oldest living man in the United States, and the oldest living U.S. veteran of World War II.
Other living direct descendants include the Overton family in Nashville, who live very close to Travellers Rest. Perkins Baxter Overton grew up playing on the Travellers Rest grounds and is the great-great-great-grandson of Judge John. His son Thomas Perkins Overton also has a son named John Overton.
- "TN Encyclopedia: John Overton". The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Archived from the original on 2008-12-27. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- "John Overton". MemphisHistory.org. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
- Samuel G. Heiskell, Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History (Nashville: Ambrose Publishing Company, 1918), p. 53.
- "Memphis History and Facts". Memphis Public Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- "John Overton | Tennessee Encyclopedia". Tennessee Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
- The Southwestern Christian Advocate. New Orleans, LA. October 1, 1885.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Greenlevel". National Park Service. Retrieved July 21, 2018. With accompanying pictures
- Overton, John. "[Letter] 1802 June 11, Nashville, [Tennessee to] Gov[ernor Archibald] Roane of Tennessee / Jno. [i.e., John] Overton". Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Tennessee State Library and Archives. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- John Overton Papers, 1797-1833, Tennessee State Library and Archives.
- Claybrooke and Overton Papers, 1747-1894, Tennessee State Library and Archives.
- Murdock Collection of John Overton Papers, 1780-1908, Tennessee State Library and Archives.