John P. Bobo
- For the former Arkansas State University football coach, see John Bobo.
John Paul Bobo
John P. Bobo, Medal of Honor recipient
|Born||February 14, 1943|
Niagara Falls, New York
|Died||March 30, 1967 (aged 24)|
KIA in Vietnam
Gate of Heaven Cemetery,
Lewiston, New York
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1965-1967|
|Unit||3rd Battalion 9th Marines|
|Battles/wars||Vietnam War †|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Purple Heart Medal (2)
Combat Action Ribbon
National Order of Vietnam
RVN Gallantry Cross Medal
John Paul Bobo (February 14, 1943 – March 30, 1967) was a United States Marine Corps second lieutenant who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for heroism during the Vietnam War on March 30, 1967.
John Paul Bobo was born on February 14, 1943 in Niagara Falls, New York. He attended Bishop Duffy High School where he is today distinguished as an honored alum. He graduated from Niagara University in Niagara Falls, New York, in 1965.
US Marine Corps
Bobo enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve on May 28, 1965 in Buffalo while attending Niagara University. He received a B.A. Degree in History in June 1965, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve on December 17, 1965. He completed the Officer Candidate Course, The Basic School, Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, Virginia, in May 1966.
Bobo was ordered to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) in June 1966 and was assigned duty as the Second Platoon commander, Company I, 3rd Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division. While serving in Company I, 9th Marines, during Operation Prairie III, he was mortally wounded when a large number of NVA soldiers attacked his rifle company's night ambush position (at Hill 70, west of Con Thien) in Quang Tri Province near the Demilitarized Zone in South Vietnam on March 30, 1967. Knowing his wounds would prevent him from making it to safety, Bobo ordered his men to retreat while he stayed behind alone to fight the North Vietnamese aggressors. His actions saved the lives of all of his men. For this, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
He was 24 years old.
He is buried in Gate of Heaven Cemetery in Lewiston, New York.
Military decorations and awards
2nd Lieutenant Bobo's military awards include:
|Medal of Honor||Purple Heart Medal w/ one 5/16 inch gold star|
|Combat Action Ribbon||Presidential Unit Citation w/ one bronze service star. 3rd Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment cited for the periods 15 Aug 65 - 7 Jan 67 and 1 Mar-15 Sep 67.||National Defense Service Medal|
|Vietnam Service Medal w/ two bronze service stars for the Vietnam Counteroffensive (25 Dec 65 - 30 Jun 66) and Vietnam Counteroffensive Phase II (1 Jul 66 - 31 May 67) campaigns.||National Order of Vietnam, Knight||RVN Gallantry Cross Medal w/ palm|
|RVN Gallantry Cross Unit Citation Emblem with Palm and Frame (in the colors of the Gallantry Cross)||RVN Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation Emblem with Palm and Frame (in the colors of the Civil Actions Medal, First Class)||RVN Campaign Medal w/ 60- device|
Personal namings and honors
Lt. Bobo namings and honors include:
- The U.S. Navy has three classes of ships in its Marine Prepositioning Fleet — the newest class, which were built by General Dynamics and delivered to Military Sealift Command in the mid-1980s, is named the 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo Class.
- The lead ship of the 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo Class of the Marine Prepositioning Fleet is the 673-foot (205 m) long maritime prepositioning ship, USNS 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo. Since 1985, the ship had been under long-term lease to Military Sealift Command from American Overseas Marine. On January 16, 2007, the Military Sealift Command purchased the 673-foot (205 m) maritime prepositioning ship, USNS 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo.
- The Marine Corps Officer Candidate School, Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, Officers Mess, is called Bobo Hall.
- John Bobo's name is memorialized on the Medal of Honor monument, Niagara Falls State Park.
- John Bobo's name is etched on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Panel 17E, Row 070.
- Niagara University's baseball field is named, John P. Bobo Field.
- The Marine Corps Security Forces Response facility at Naval Weapons Station Earle was dedicated to 2nd Lt. John Bobo.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to
SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN P. BOBO
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
- For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Weapons Platoon Commander, Company I, Third Battalion, Ninth Marines, Third Marine Division, in Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, on 30 March 1967. Company I was establishing night ambush sites when the command group was attacked by a reinforced North Vietnamese company supported by heavy automatic weapons and mortar fire. Lieutenant BOBO immediately organized a hasty defense and moved from position to position encouraging the outnumbered Marines despite the murderous enemy fire. Recovering a rocket launcher from among the friendly casualties, he organized a new launcher team and directed its fire into the enemy machine gun position. When an exploding enemy mortar round severed Lieutenant Bobo's right leg below the knee, he refused to be evacuated and insisted upon being placed in a firing position to cover the movement of the command group to a better location. With a web belt around his leg serving as tourniquet and with his leg jammed into the dirt to curtail the bleeding, he remained in this position and delivered devastating fire into the ranks of the enemy attempting to overrun the Marines. Lieutenant BOBO was mortally wounded while firing his weapon into the main point of the enemy attack but his valiant spirit inspired his men to heroic efforts, and his tenacious stand enabled the command group to gain a protective position where it repulsed the enemy onslaught. Lieutenant BOBO's superb leadership, dauntless courage, and bold initiative reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
- NAVMC 2922 dated April 7, 2017, page 92 (PDF). Department of the Navy, Headquarters United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- SECNAVINST 1650.1H dated August 22, 2006, page 7-5 (PDF). Department of the Navy. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Maritime Prepositioning Ships - T-AK". The United States Navy — Fact File. USN. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- "USNS 2nd Lt John Pl Bobo (T-AK 3008) Container & Roll-on/Roll-off Ship". Military Sealift Command Ship Inventory. United States Navy. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- "US MSC Buying USNS 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo". Defense Industry Daily. January 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- Mishalov, Neil. "Bobo, John". Mishalov.com. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- "2Lt John Paul Bobo". The Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The Wall-USA. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- 2dLt John P. Bobo, Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor.
- "Second Lieutenant John Paul Bobo, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- ""General characteristics, 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo Class", Maritime Prepositioning Ships - T-AK". The United States Navy — Fact File. United States Navy. August 22, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- "Medal of Honor — 2dLt John P. Bobo (Medal of Honor citation)". Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-01-11.