John P. Gray (psychiatrist)
|John P. Gray|
John P. Gray circa 1880
|Born||August 6, 1825|
|Died||November 29, 1886(aged 61)|
John Perdue Gray (Aug 6, 1825 - Nov 29, 1886) was an American psychiatrist at the forefront of biological psychiatric theory during the 19th century. Gray was the superintendent of Utica State Hospital in New York and was also the editor of the American Journal of Insanity, the precursor to the American Journal of Psychology. Gray believed that insanity was always due to physical causes and that the mentally ill should be treated as physically ill.
Gray, John P. General Paresis, or Incomplete Progressive Paralysis. Albany, NY: Van Benthuysen, 1866.
Gray, John P. Insanity, its Dependence on Physical Disease. Utica, NY: Roberts, 1871. https://archive.org/details/insanityitsdepen00gray
Gray, John P. Insanity: its Frequency and Some of its Preventable Causes. Utica, NY, 1886.
Gray, John P. The United States vs. Charles J. Guiteau, Indicted for Murder of James A. Garfield, Twentieth President of the United States. Opinion of … on the Sanity of the Prisoner. Washington, 1882.
- Howard Atwood Kelly; Walter Lincoln Burrage (1920). American Medical Biographies. Norman, Remington Company. pp. 456–.
- Barlow, David H.; Vincent Mark Durand (2004). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach. Thomson Wadsworth. p. 13. ISBN 0-534-63362-5.
- Death of Dr. John P. Gray, Nov 29, 1886, New York Times.
- Robert J. Waldinger, Sleep of Reason: John P. Gray and the Challenge of Moral Insanity, J Hist Med Allied Sci (1979) XXXIV (2): 163-179. doi:10.1093/jhmas/XXXIV.2.163
- Bio, 19th-Century Psychiatrists of Note, www.nlm.nih.gov
- Obituary, Br Med J. 1886 December 4; 2(1353): 1124–1125.
- John P. Gray, M.D., 1825-1886, APA Presidents Biographical Sketches : 11 1883-1884 Gray, John P., American Psychiatric Association
- Allen D. Spiegel and Florence Kavaler, The Differing Views on Insanity of Two Nineteenth Century Forensic Psychiatrists, Journal of Community Health, Volume 31, Number 5, 430-451, doi:10.1007/s10900-006-9017-5
- Rosenberg, Charles E. The Trial of the Assassin Guiteau: Psychiatry and Law in the Gilded Age. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1968.
- Fullinwider, S.P. “Insanity as the Loss of Self: The Moral Insanity Controversy Revisited,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 49(1) (1975): 87-101.
- Ozarin, Lucy D. “The Guiteau Trial: Battle of the Forensic Experts,” Psychiatric News 30(9) (1995).
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