John Page (planter)

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John Page
Col. John Page by Peter Lely.jpeg
Portrait by Peter Lely (c.1670)
Born
John Page

circa 1627
DiedJanuary 23, 1692(1692-01-23) (aged 64)
OccupationMerchant, politician, businessman, planter
Years active1645–1692
Member of the House of Burgesses
In office
1665–1677
GovernorGovernor Sir William Berkeley
Member of the Virginia Governor's Council
In office
1677 – January 23, 1692
GovernorGovernor Herbert Jeffries
Governor Thomas Culpeper
Acting Governor Nicholas Spencer
Governor Francis Howard

Colonel John Page (c. 1627 – 23 January 1692)[1]: 39, 41  was a planter, slave trader, merchant and politician in colonial Virginia. Born in East Bedfont, Middlesex, Page eventually migrated to the colony of Virginia, where he lived in Middle Plantation and served as a member of the House of Burgesses from 1665 to 1677 and a member of the Virginia Governor's Council from 1677 to 1692. A wealthy landowner, Page donated land and funds towards construction of the Bruton Parish Church.[2] Page was also involved in the establishment of the College of William & Mary in 1693, as well as being a chief proponent of Middle Plantation being designated the colony's capital in 1698.

His efforts eventually resulted in the renaming of Middle Plantation as Williamsburg in 1699, perhaps most well known as the birthplace of democratic governmental principals among Patriot revolutionaries before and during the American Revolution. In the 21st century, Page's Middle Plantation residence serves the modern home of the restored colonial-era tourism destination known as Colonial Williamsburg, a popular travel destination in Virginia.

Biography[edit]

Bruton Parish Church, Williamsburg, Virginia. Original church built 1683 on land donated by Colonel John Page. The shaft commemorating Col. Page is at right of the church door in this photograph by Frances Benjamin Johnston.

John Page was born around 1627, likely in East Bedfont, Middlesex, the parish records for which do not survive for that period. He was a son of Francis Page, gentleman, of that parish.[3]

John Page became a merchant, and emigrated to the Virginia colony; his sister Elizabeth (wife of Edward Digges) and brother Matthew also emigrated to Virginia. John Page married Alice Luckin of Sandon, Essex, in roughly 1646, and Page claimed her as a headright in 1653, suggesting they were both in Virginia by the mid-1650s.[4] She was a first cousin, once removed of the first Luckyn baronet.[4] The Pages originally lived in the New Towne section at Jamestown.

The Pages settled in York County in 1655. In 1662, the Pages had a large brick cross-plan house built in nearby Middle Plantation. A wealthy landowner, Page owned 330 acres (1.3 km2) in Middle Plantation, including much of what is now Duke of Gloucester Street, Nicholson Street, and part of Francis Street in the restored area of Colonial Williamsburg. In 1672, Page patented 3600 acres (15 km2) in New Kent County which became Mehixton Plantation.[5] He donated land and £20 for the first brick Bruton Parish Church which was completed in 1683, and was located immediately adjacent to the site of the present larger restored structure.[6] In 1683, he came into possession of a tract of land which originally belonged to his brother Matthew in James City County known as Neck of Land. It is also known that he owned property at Jamestown in New Towne section.

Col. John Page of Middle Plantation, Williamsburg, Virginia

John Page was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses starting in 1665. He played a pivotal role in supporting the efforts of Reverend Doctor James Blair in the founding of the College of William & Mary in 1693, which was located at Middle Plantation. Beginning in 1677, he is believed to have been an early advocate for moving the capitol to Middle Plantation, which eventually occurred in 1699, seven years after his death. (Middle Plantation was renamed Williamsburg in honor of King William III shortly thereafter).

The Royal African Company's agent in Virginia in the 1670s,[7] the Colonel was heavily involved in the Atlantic slave trade, not only trading and profiting on the chattel slave trade of human beings (agents received a seven-percent commission on sales),[8] but also enslaving numerous people on his various properties as well.[9][10]

Cartouche from the John Page house, Williamsburg, showing brick initials for Page, Alice (Page's wife) and the date of the house (1662). The J was not recovered. Colonial Williamsburg

Colonel John Page and his wife Alice Lukin Page are buried at Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg, Virginia.[11] Their tombstone, originally located within the church graveyard, was later moved to the church vestibule.[12] It reads: "Here lieth in hope of a joyfull resurrection the Body of Colonel JOHN PAGE of Bruton Parish, Esquire. One of their Majesties Council in the Dominion of Virginia. Who departed this life the 23 of January in the year of our Lord 1691/2 Aged 65"[13] The tombstone carries the arms of Page impaling those of Lukin.[14]

Family[edit]

Coat of arms of Col. John Page of Middle Plantation

The Page family was one of the First Families of Virginia, which later included Mann Page III, his brother U.S. Congressman and Virginia Governor John Page, and later descendants such as U.S. Ambassador to Italy Thomas Nelson Page, and Virginian Railway builder William Nelson Page.

Colonel and Mrs. John Page named their eldest son Francis, and he also built a substantial brick home at Middle Plantation. (Present-day Francis Street in Williamsburg is said to be named for him). Another son, Matthew Page, was born in Virginia in 1659 and became a planter. He was one of the original board of trustees of the College of William and Mary, a member of the Governor's Council, and was active in public affairs. He died on January 9, 1703.

Their grandson, Mann Page I (1691–1730) (son of Matthew Page), also became a planter and wealthy landholder in Virginia, owning nearly 70,000 acres (280 km2) in Frederick County, Prince William County, and Spotsylvania County among other locations. In 1725, Mann Page I began the construction of Rosewell Plantation, the Page mansion on the banks of the York River in Gloucester County. Mann Page I's wife Judith Carter was the daughter of Robert Carter I. Mann Page I son John Page married Jane Byrd, a granddaughter of Colonel William Byrd I. One of John Page's great-grandsons was Confederate General Richard Lucian Page.

Mary Page, the daughter of Col. John Page, married Walter Chiles Jr., son of Col. Walter Chiles of the Virginia Governor's Council.[15] In his will of March 5, 1687, Col. John Page mentions his grandson John Chiles, as well as his "grandsonne John Tyler, sonne of my grand-daughter Elizabeth Tyler."[16] Elizabeth Chiles had married Henry Tyler of Middle Plantation, and thus became the ancestress[17] of President John Tyler.[18]

Virginia Gov. John Page, great-grandson of Col. John Page

Because of the propensity of First Families of Virginia (FFV) to marry within their narrow social ranks for many generations, John Page may be legitimately counted as a co-progenitor with many other FFV patriarchs of their genealogically documented descendants, who include descendants of the families Byrd, Chiles, Dilliard, Tyler, Pendleton, Burwell, Nelson, Randolph, Carter, Harrison, Waller and others.[11]

Legacy[edit]

Sketch of Merchant's House, Williamsburg, likely that of John Page, 1702

Several sites of the Page family in Virginia and West Virginia have historical and archaeological significance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ " Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia, published in 1883" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on February 18, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  2. ^ ""A Brief Guide to Bruton Parish Church"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 29, 2016. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  3. ^ Page, R.C.M. (1893). Genealogy of the Page Family. New York: Publisher's Printing Co. pp. 32–39.
  4. ^ a b Miscia, Travis D. (2022). "The English Origins of Alice (Luckin) Page". The Genealogist. 36 (1): 61–76.
  5. ^ Hobbs, Tom. "Summer Hill: History of the Summer Hill Site". VirginiaDigs. Archived from the original on March 25, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  6. ^ "A Brief History of Bruton Parish Church, brutonparish.org". Archived from the original on July 30, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  7. ^ "Plantation Life & Slavery". The Rosewell Foundation. Archived from the original on November 25, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  8. ^ "The Royal African Company - Supplying Slaves to Jamestown - Historic Jamestowne Part of Colonial National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Archived from the original on November 19, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  9. ^ "Slave Ancestor File". www.charlescity.org. Archived from the original on April 24, 2022. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  10. ^ McCartney, Martha W. (2003). "A Study of the Africans and African Americans on Jamestown Island and at Green Spring, 1619 – 1803" (PDF). National Park Service and Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2003. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia, Richard Channing Moore Page, M.D., New York, 1893 [1]
  12. ^ "Photograph of the headstone of Col. John Page, vestibule, Bruton Parish Church, Williamsburg, Va., findagrave.com". Find a Grave. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  13. ^ [2] Some Colonial Mansions and Those Who Lived in Them, Thomas Allen Glenn, Henry T. Coates & Co., Philadelphia, 1899]
  14. ^ Crozier, William Armstrong (1908). Virginia Heraldica: Being a Registry of Virginia Gentry Entitled to Coat Armor, William Crozier, The Genealogical Association, New York, 1908. ISBN 9780788419201. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "A Timeline for Structures at Jamestown Relating to the Chiles Family, Historic Jamestowne, National Park Service". Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
  16. ^ "Lieut. Col. Walter Chiles, Lyon G. Tyler, William and Mary Quarterly Historical Papers, Vol. I, pp. 75–78, USGenWebArchives". Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
  17. ^ Elizabeth (Chiles) Tyler was the great-great-grandmother of President John Tyler.
  18. ^ Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Vol. I, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1915
  19. ^ Photograph of John Page House Foundations, Middle Plantation in 1699, Colonial Williamsburg, Jennifer Jones, history.org Archived February 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Muraca, David F. "The John Page Site:Excavation of a Major House Site on the Bruton Heights Property". Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg. Archived from the original on November 5, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "View - redOrbit". www.redorbit.com. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.

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