Kraków John Paul II International Airport

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Kraków John Paul II
International Airport

Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II
Kraków John Paul II International Airport.png
John Paul II Airport in Balice-Kraków night november 2017(3).jpg
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorJohn Paul II Krakow-Balice International Airport Ltd.
LocationBalice, Poland
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL241 m / 791 ft
Coordinates50°04′40″N 019°47′05″E / 50.07778°N 19.78472°E / 50.07778; 19.78472Coordinates: 50°04′40″N 019°47′05″E / 50.07778°N 19.78472°E / 50.07778; 19.78472
EPKK is located in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Location in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
EPKK is located in Poland
EPKK (Poland)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,550 8,366 Concrete
07L/25R (emergency) 2,550 8,366 Grass
Statistics (2022)
Passenger volume7,394,219[1]
Aircraft movements51,777 (2018)

Kraków John Paul II International Airport (Polish: Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II since 4 September 2007; earlier in Polish: Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy im. Jana Pawła II Kraków–Balice) (IATA: KRK, ICAO: EPKK) is an international airport located near Kraków, in the village of Balice, 11 km (6.8 mi) west[2] of the city centre, in southern Poland. It is the second busiest airport of the country in terms of the volume of passengers served annually. The airport is named after Pope John Paul II.


Early years[edit]

The airport opened for civil aviation in 1964. The Balice airport was a military site until 28 February 1968. Four years later, the first passenger terminal was built there.

In 1988, the authorities decided to build a new terminal that was opened for public use in 1993. In 1995, the entire apron was modernized.

In 1995, the airport's name was changed from Kraków–Balice Airport to John Paul II International Airport Kraków–Balice, to honor Pope John Paul II, who spent many years of his life in Kraków and had served as Archbishop of Kraków from 1963 until his elevation to the Papacy in 1978. For marketing reasons, the official name was further "streamlined" on 4 September 2007 as Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

The airport was modernized once more in 2002, and since then new international connections have been established.

In 2003, when Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair became interested in starting a service from the John Paul II International Airport, the airport authorities refused to reduce the landing fees.[citation needed] In response, the regional authorities of Kraków and Lesser Poland Voivodeship decided to build a new airport near the existing one, using the infrastructure of the military airbase adjacent to the shared runway. Finally, an agreement was reached, and the existing airport was opened to Ryanair and other low-cost carriers such as Germanwings, EasyJet, and Centralwings.[citation needed]

On 1 March 2007, a separate domestic terminal (T2) was opened. At that time, plans were underway to begin the construction of a new terminal.

A seven-storey parking garage opposite T1 became fully operational in May 2010.[3]

On 12 December 2012, Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair announced it would be opening its second Polish base in Kraków basing two Boeing 737-800 aircraft at the airport from 31 March 2013, which allows the carrier to increase the number of the routes from Kraków to 31.[citation needed]

Kraków Airport is the second busiest airport in the country after Warsaw Chopin Airport. The airport has good growth prospects, as almost 8 million people live within 100 km (62 mi) of it.[citation needed] The airport also has a favorable location on the network of existing and planned motorways in this region of Poland.



11 April 2013 saw the beginning of construction works of a new airport terminal, which is adjacent to the existing old terminal building. The works on the new terminal were completed in December 2016. The terminal serves all-year-round, 24 hours a day, both domestic as well as international flights. The expected maximum capacity of the terminal is up to 8 million passengers handled in a year (over twice as much as the airport served in 2012). It is also possible to handle transfer passengers irrespective of the routes (Schengen/Non-Schengen destinations). The terminal has a new luggage handling system and a roofed footbridge connecting the terminal to a hotel, a multi-level parking lot and the railway station, with direct railway link to Kraków Główny by Koleje Małopolskie.


The airport has one concrete runway, number 07/25, 2,550 m × 60 m (8,366 ft × 197 ft).

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Kraków Airport:

Aegean Airlines[4][5] Athens
Air France[6] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade (begins 4 June 2023)[7]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways[8] London–Heathrow
Buzz[citation needed] Seasonal charter: Antalya, Burgas, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
easyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast–International (both resume 28 March 2023)[9]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Antalya,[10] Burgas,[10] Chania,[11] Heraklion, Hurghada,[10] Madeira,[10] Palermo,[11] Rhodes[10]
Eurowings Düsseldorf
Seasonal: Stuttgart
flydubai[12] Dubai–International
Finnair Helsinki Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines[13] Chicago–O'Hare,[14] Gdańsk, Istanbul (begins 27 April 2023),[15] Olsztyn-Mazury,[16] Tel Aviv,[17] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Bydgoszcz, Dubrovnik, Newark[18]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair[19] Luxembourg
Norwegian Air Shuttle[20] Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Ryanair Agadir, Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia, Ancona, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Belfast–International (resumes 28 March 2023),[21] Bergamo, Berlin, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Gdańsk, Girona, Glasgow, Gran Canaria, Gothenburg, Leeds/Bradford, Lille, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marseille, Memmingen (begins 28 March 2023),[22] Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg,[23] Palermo, Paphos, Pisa, Podgorica, Porto, Poznań,[24] Prague, Riga,[25] Rome–Ciampino, Sandefjord, Seville, Shannon, Stockholm–Arlanda, Szczecin, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Eilat,[26] Lamezia Terme, Lourdes (begins 26 March 2023),[27] Maastricht (begins 2 July 2023),[28] Olsztyn-Mazury, Palma de Mallorca, Perugia (begins 27 March 2023),[27] Pescara, Rhodes (begins 27 March 2023),[29] Rimini,[30] Santorini, Tenerife–South, Toulouse,[24] Varna (begins 2 July 2023),[31] Zadar
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Transavia Paris–Orly (ends 23 March 2023)
Turkish Airlines Istanbul (begins 1 May 2023)[32]
Wizz Air[33] Abu Dhabi,[34] Barcelona, Bergen (ends 24 March 2023),[35] Birmingham, Catania, Eindhoven, Kutaisi, Larnaca, Leeds/Bradford,[36] London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon,[37] Málaga,[38] Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Oslo, Rome–Fiumicino, Stavanger, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Burgas,[37] Heraklion, Reykjavik–Keflavík, Split


Busiest Routes from Kraków Airport (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers 2019
1  Germany, Frankfurt (FRA) 471,179
2  Poland, Warsaw-Chopin (WAW) 385,425
3  United Kingdom, London-Stansted (STN) 357,076
4  Germany, Munich (MUC) 264,107
5  United Kingdom, London-Luton (LTN) 253,153
6  Norway, Oslo-Gardermoen (OSL) 211,069
7  Netherlands, Amsterdam (AMS) 211,006
8  United Kingdom, Manchester (MAN) 208,467
9  Ireland, Dublin (DUB) 177,937
10  Netherlands, Eindhoven (EIN) 174,143
11  United Kingdom, London-Gatwick (LGW) 164,481
12  United Kingdom, Edinburgh (EDI) 146,641
13  Ukraine, Kyiv-Boryspil (KBP) 145,379
14  Finland, Helsinki (HEL) 145,337
15  France, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) 138,793
16  Denmark, Copenhagen (CPH) 138,364
17  United Kingdom, Bristol (BRS) 131,548
18  Norway, Sandefjord (TRF) 131,481
19  Italy, Bergamo (BGY) 127,652
20  Austria, Vienna (VIE) 125,859
21  Israel, Tel Aviv (TLV) 122,335
22  United Kingdom, London-Heathrow (LHR) 111,825
23  United Kingdom, Liverpool (LPL) 110,816
24  Belgium, Brussels-Charleroi (CRL) 107,545
25  Sweden, Stockholm-Arlanda (ARN) 106,010
26  United Kingdom, Birmingham (BHX) 105,457
27  United Kingdom, Leeds Bradford (LBA) 102,664
28  United Kingdom, Belfast-International (BFS) 100,231
29  Poland, Gdańsk (GDN) 97,921
30  Italy, Rome-Ciampino (CIA) 97,472
Annual traffic
Year Passenger Count Percent Change
2003 593,214
2004 841,123 Increase 42%
2005 1,586,130 Increase 89%
2006 2,367,257 Increase 49%
2007 3,068,199 Increase 30%
2008 2,923,961 Decrease 5%
2009 2,680,322 Decrease 8%
2010 2,863,996 Increase 7%
2011 3,014,060 Increase 5%
2012 3,439,758 Increase 14%
2013 3,647,616 Increase 6%
2014 3,817,792 Increase 5%
2015 4,221,171 Increase 11%
2016 4,983,645 Increase 18%
2017 5,835,189 Increase 17%
2018 6,769,369 Increase 17%
2019 8,410,817 Increase 24%
2020 2,592,972 Decrease 69%
2021 3,072,074 Increase 18%
2022 7 394 306 Increase 140%

Annual passenger traffic at KRK airport. See Wikidata query.

It was the 63rd busiest airport in Europe in 2019 and had the greatest increase in passengers in all of Europe in 2019 with a 24.2% passenger increase in 2019 compared to 2018.

Ground transportation[edit]

Train at "Krakow Lotnisko" station

In addition to road access by private car or taxi, other options are:


The SKA1 suburban line operates from the Airport to Kraków Główny (Main railway station) and further to Wieliczka. The service resumed in September 2015. It takes about 17 minutes to get to the city centre,[39] and further 20 minutes to Wieliczka (for Salt Mine).

Railway line 118
91 ↑ Medyka
Kraków Główny
Kraków Towarowy
Kraków Łobzów
junction Kraków Łobzów
Kraków Mydlniki
Kraków Młynówka
Kraków Zakliki
Kraków Olszanica
Kraków PKN Orlen
A 4
Kraków Lotnisko


Public buses link the airport during the day and during the night with the main railway and bus station in Kraków (Kraków Główny railway station) and the ICE Congress Centre.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Monthly Statistics Kraków Airport". (in Polish). 16 January 2022. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  2. ^ "EAD Basic". Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  3. ^ "Na lotnisku w Krakowie powstaje wielopoziomowy parking" (in Polish). 2009-12-18. Archived from the original on 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  4. ^ Hubert Choroszewski. "Nowa trasa z Krakowa! Polecimy linią Aegean do Aten!" (in Polish). Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  5. ^ Piotr Golianek. "Kraków: Aegean tylko latem" (in Polish). Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Air France wylądował w #KrakowAirport". krakow airport. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Air Serbia to launch New Service to Krakow, Ohrid and Varna for Summer 2023". 16 December 2022.
  8. ^ Piotr Bożyk. "British Airways powraca do Krakowa" (in Polish). Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  9. ^ Stemski, Szymon (21 October 2022). "Kraków: easyJet zmienia siatkę połączeń". (in Polish). Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Charter flights".
  11. ^ a b "air and charter tickets".
  12. ^ "Flydubai to begin flights to Krakow, Catania in 2018". 6 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Route map".
  14. ^ Liu, Jim (19 October 2020). "PLL LOT zawieszą regularne połączenie Kraków-Chicago".
  15. ^
  16. ^ "LOT Polish Airlines is expanding its route network from the Olsztyn-Mazury airport". 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Network".
  18. ^ " LOT poleci z Krakowa do Newark".
  19. ^ " Luxair poleci z Krakowa do Luksemburga".
  20. ^ "Route map".
  21. ^ Loga-Sowiński, Krzysztof (7 July 2022). " Ryanair poleci z Gdańska i Krakowa do Belfastu". (in Polish). Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  22. ^ - "New Ryanair summer routes from Memmingen" (German) 17 November 2022
  23. ^ "Ryanair Delivers Tourism Recovery at Nuremberg Airport – Ryanair's Corporate Website".
  24. ^ a b Dybiński, Rafał (8 June 2022). "Nowe połączenia Ryanaira z Polski. Zimą loty z Krakowa do Poznania (aktualizacja)". (in Polish). Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  25. ^ "Investēs miljonus: "Ryanair" nāk klajā ar paziņojumu par vērienīgiem plāniem Rīgā". LA.LV.
  26. ^ "Book cheap flights using Fare Finder | Ryanair".
  27. ^ a b "11 nowych tras Ryanaira z Polski! Kilka z nich to absolutne hity".
  28. ^ "Home".
  29. ^ "2 nowe wakacyjne trasy Ryanaira z Polski! Jedna wraca po krótkiej przerwie".
  30. ^ "2 nowe wakacyjne trasy Ryanaira z Polski! Jedna wraca po krótkiej przerwie".
  31. ^ " Ryanair poleci z Krakowa nad Morze Czarne".
  32. ^ "Turkish Airlines Schedules May 2023 Krakow Launch". AeroRoutes. 13 March 2023. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  33. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more".
  34. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more".
  35. ^ "Wizz Air NS23 Routes Suspension Summary – 11DEC22". AeroRoutes.
  36. ^ "5 nowych tras Wizz Aira z Polski! Wystartują już za miesiąc".
  37. ^ a b "Wizz Air apre nuove rotte. Heviz sul Lago Balaton e un nuovo scalo". 25 March 2022.
  38. ^ "Wizz Air uruchamia nowe połączenia z Polski do Werony i Malagi". 3 November 2022.
  39. ^ "By train". Krakow Airport. Retrieved 2013-09-10.

External links[edit]

Media related to John Paul II Airport in Balice-Kraków at Wikimedia Commons