Kraków John Paul II International Airport

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Kraków John Paul II
International Airport

Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II
Kraków John Paul II International Airport.png
John Paul II Airport in Balice-Kraków night november 2017(3).jpg
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorJohn Paul II Krakow-Balice International Airport Ltd.
LocationBalice, Poland
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL241 m / 791 ft
Coordinates50°04′40″N 019°47′05″E / 50.07778°N 19.78472°E / 50.07778; 19.78472Coordinates: 50°04′40″N 019°47′05″E / 50.07778°N 19.78472°E / 50.07778; 19.78472
EPKK is located in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Location in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
EPKK is located in Poland
EPKK (Poland)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,550 8,366 Concrete
07L/25R (emergency) 2,550 8,366 Grass
Statistics (2019)
Passenger volume8,410,817[1] Increase 24%
Aircraft movements51 777 (2,018)

Kraków John Paul II International Airport (Polish: Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II since 4 September 2007; earlier in Polish: Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy im. Jana Pawła II Kraków–Balice) (IATA: KRK, ICAO: EPKK) is an international airport located near Kraków, in the village of Balice, 11 km (6.8 mi) west[2] of the city centre, in southern Poland. It is the second busiest airport of the country in terms of the volume of passengers served annually.


Early years[edit]

The airport opened for civil aviation in 1964. The Balice airport was a military site until 28 February 1968. Four years later the first passenger terminal was built there.

In 1988 the authorities decided to build a new terminal that was opened for public use in 1993. In 1995, the entire apron was modernized.

In 1995 the airport's name was changed from Kraków–Balice Airport to John Paul II International Airport Kraków–Balice, to honor Pope John Paul II, who spent many years of his life in Kraków and had served as Archbishop of Kraków from 1963 until his elevation to the Papacy in 1978. For marketing reasons, the official name was further "streamlined" on 4 September 2007 as Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

The airport was modernized once more in 2002, and since then new international connections have been established.

In 2003, when Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair became interested in starting a service from the John Paul II International Airport, the airport authorities refused to reduce the landing fees. In response, the regional authorities of Kraków and Lesser Poland Voivodeship decided to build a new airport near the existing one, using the infrastructure of the military airbase adjacent to the shared runway. Finally an agreement was reached, and the existing airport was opened to Ryanair and other low-cost carriers such as Germanwings, EasyJet, and Centralwings.

On 1 March 2007, a separate domestic terminal (T2) was opened. At that time, plans were underway to begin construction of a new terminal.

A seven-story parking garage opposite T1 became fully operational in May 2010.[3]

On 12 December 2012, Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair announced it would be opening its second Polish base in Kraków basing two Boeing 737-800 aircraft at the airport from 31 March 2013, which allows the carrier to increase the number of the routes from Kraków to 31.

Kraków Airport is the second busiest airport in the country after Warsaw Chopin Airport. The airport has good growth prospects, as almost 8 million people live within 100 km (62 mi) of it. The airport also has a favorable location on the network of existing and planned motorways in this region of Poland.



11 April 2013 saw the beginning of construction works of a new airport terminal, which is adjacent to the existing old terminal building. The works on the new terminal were completed in December 2016. The terminal serves all-year-round, 24 hours a day, both domestic as well as international flights. The expected maximum capacity of the terminal is up to 8 million passengers handled in a year (over twice as much as the airport served in 2012). It is also possible to handle transfer passengers irrespective of the routes (Schengen/Non-Schengen destinations). The terminal has a new luggage handling system and a roofed footbridge connecting the terminal to a hotel, a multi-level parking lot and the railway station, with direct railway link to Kraków Główny by Koleje Małopolskie.


The airport has one concrete runway, number 07/25, 2,550 m × 60 m (8,366 ft × 197 ft).

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens[4][5]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins 29 March 2020)[6]
American Airlines Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare (begins 7 May 2020)[7]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow[8]
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas[9]
Buzz[9] Seasonal charter: Antalya, Burgas, Heraklion, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tirana, Varna
easyJet Belfast–International, Bristol, Edinburgh, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva (ends 27 March 2020)[10]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Antalya,[9] Chania,[11] Palma de Mallorca, Palermo,[11]
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Lauda Stuttgart[13]
LOT Polish Airlines Budapest,[14] Chicago–O'Hare,[15] Gdańsk, New York–JFK (resumes 3 May 2020),[16] Olsztyn-Mazury,[17] Tel Aviv,[18] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Bucharest,[19] Dubrovnik[20]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki,[21] Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Ryanair Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Belfast–International, Bergamo, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux (ends 27 March 2020), Bournemouth, Bristol, Brussels, Charleroi, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Girona, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Hamburg (ends 28 March 2020),[22] Kharkiv, Kherson, Kiev–Boryspil, Leeds/Bradford, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lviv, Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Manchester, Marseille, Naples, Odessa, Palermo, Paphos, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rome–Ciampino, Sandefjord, Seville, Shannon, Stockholm–Skavsta, Szczecin, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South (ends 28 March 2020), Thessaloniki, Treviso, Valencia
Seasonal: Burgas, Chania, Eilat, Lamezia Terme, Nuremberg,[23] Lourdes/Tarbes, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Pescara, Rimini, Zadar
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Chania,[11] Corfu[11]
Sun d'Or Tel Aviv
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Transavia Eindhoven
Wizz Air Barcelona (begins 1 July 2020),[24] Bari, Bergen (begins 1 August 2020),[24] Billund, Birmingham, Bologna (begins 1 August 2020),[24] Catania, Doncaster/Sheffield, Eindhoven, Haugesund (begins 3 August 2020),[24] Kharkiv,[25] Kiev–Zhuliany,[26] Kutaisi,[26] Larnaca,[26] London–Gatwick ,[24] London–Luton,[26] Milan–Malpensa (begins 1 July 2020),[24] Nice, Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavik–Keflavík,[26] Rome–Fiumicino,[25] Stavanger (begins 1 August 2020),[24] Tel Aviv,[25] Tromsø (begins 2 August 2020),[24] Trondheim (begins 2 July 2020),[24] Turku, Verona (begins 2 August 2020),[24] Zaporizhia (begins 29 March 2020)


Annual traffic[edit]

Year Passenger Count Percent Change
2003 593,214
2004 841,123 Increase 42%
2005 1,586,130 Increase 89%
2006 2,367,257 Increase 49%
2007 3,068,199 Increase 30%
2008 2,923,961 Decrease 5%
2009 2,680,322 Decrease 8%
2010 2,863,996 Increase 7%
2011 3,014,060 Increase 5%
2012 3,439,758 Increase 14%
2013 3,647,616 Increase 6%
2014 3,817,792 Increase 5%
2015 4,221,171 Increase 11%
2016 4,983,645 Increase 18%
2017 5,835,189 Increase 17%
2018 6,769,369 Increase 17%
2019 8,410,817 Increase 24%

It was the 63nd busiest airport in Europe in 2019 and had the greatest increase in passangers in all of Europe in 2019 with a 24.2% passenger increase in 2019 compared to 2018.

Ground transportation[edit]

In addition to road access by private car or taxi, other options are:


Train at "Krakow Lotnisko" station

The SKA1 suburban line operates from the Airport to Kraków Główny (Main railway station) and further to Wieliczka. The service resumed in September 2015. It takes about 17 minutes to get to the city centre,[27] and further 20 minutes to Wieliczka (for Salt Mine). The railway line ultimately reaches the terminal building, rather than the previous temporary stop located 250 m (820 ft) from the terminal.[28] The price to the city is 9 PLN. Tickets can be bought from ticket machines (located in the arrival hall, on the platform, or - sometimes - in the train) or from the staff onboard (cash only).


Public buses link the airport during the day (lines 208, 209, hourly, and 252, every 30 minutes) and during the night (line 902, hourly) with the main railway and bus station in Kraków (Kraków Główny railway station) and the ICE Congress Centre. Normal city tariff applies thus making it by far the cheapest public transport connection to the city centre, at 4.60zł (allowing for bus/tram transfers within 50 minutes from boarding). Public buses can be used after purchasing tickets from a ticket machine located in the arrival hall, at the bus stop (with cash or credit card) or from ticket machines that can be found in most buses (sometimes with either coins or card only). All tickets have to be validated after getting on a bus. It is also possible to use private-owned bus and minibus services connecting the airport with the city center or other cities in Poland. Tickets require bookings in advance.

See also[edit]


  1. ^,c56/uslugi-lotnicze,c57/bettercountonnumbers,c58/statystyki,c68/statystyki-miesieczne-2019,a983.html
  2. ^ "EAD Basic". Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  3. ^ "Na lotnisku w Krakowie powstaje wielopoziomowy parking" (in Polish). 2009-12-18. Archived from the original on 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  4. ^ Hubert Choroszewski. "Nowa trasa z Krakowa! Polecimy linią Aegean do Aten!" (in Polish). Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  5. ^ Piotr Golianek. "Kraków: Aegean tylko latem" (in Polish). Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  6. ^ Piotr Golianek. "Air France poleci z Krakowa do Paryża" (in Polish). Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  7. ^ Bartłomiej Morga. "American Airlines uruchomi połączenie z Krakowa do Chicago" (in Polish). Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  8. ^ Piotr Bożyk. "British Airways powraca do Krakowa" (in Polish). Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Charter flights".
  10. ^ " Cztery nowe trasy easyJet z Krakowa". Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d "air and charter tickets".
  12. ^ "Flydubai to begin flights to Krakow, Catania in 2018". 6 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Laudamotion outlines S19 Stuttgart network". 18 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Nowa trasa LOT z Krakowa! I więcej lotów do Chicago! - - tanie loty i sposoby na tanie bilety lotnicze".
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (9 January 2017). "LOT resumes Krakow - Chicago service from July 2017". UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (22 September 2019). "LOT Polish Airlines resumes Krakow – New York service in May 2020". Routesonline. Informa Markets. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  17. ^ 2018, "LOT Polish Airlines is expanding its route network from the Olsztyn-Mazury airport". Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  18. ^ 2018, Jim (13 July 2018). "LOT Polish Airlines plans Krakow – Tel Aviv launch from Feb 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Nowości w zimowym rozkładzie LOTu". Airlineroute. 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  20. ^ "LOT Polish Airlines increases Krakow European network in S19". Airlineroute. 11 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  21. ^ Norwegian opens the route from Helsinki to Krakow - more flights to Malaga, Alicante and Rhodes (in Finnish) 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018
  22. ^ "Hamburg: Ryanair is closing a German base". October 16, 2019.
  23. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  25. ^ a b c Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air further expands Polish network in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d e "Wizz Air will fly from Krakow. Cheap carrier will open 12 routes from the capital of Lesser Poland". 21 November 2018.
  27. ^ "By train". Krakow Airport. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
  28. ^ "Train station". Krakow Airport. Retrieved 2013-09-10.

External links[edit]

Media related to John Paul II Airport in Balice-Kraków at Wikimedia Commons