John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont
The Earl of Egmont
|Member of the Dublin Parliament|
for Cork County
|Member of Parliament|
Serving with Sir Philip Parker, Bt
|Born||12 July 1683|
Burton, County Cork, Ireland
|Died||1 May 1748 (aged 64)|
|Children||7, including John|
John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont, PC, FRS (12 July 1683 – 1 May 1748), known as Sir John Perceval, Bt, from 1691 to 1715, as The Lord Perceval from 1715 to 1722 and as The Viscount Perceval from 1722 to 1733, was an Anglo-Irish politician.
Early life and heritage
Perceval was born at Burton, County Cork, the second son of Sir John Perceval, 3rd Baronet, and Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet. His great-grandfather was Sir Philip Perceval (1605–1647), who had obtained estates in Ireland and England from his father, Sir Richard Perceval (1550–1620), through the death of his elder brother, Walter. Richard Perceval in 1616 had sold a great part (£1,200 a year, according to Lodge) of his ancient patrimony, and invested the sum realised in purchases and mortgages in County Cork, thus laying the foundation of the prosperity and property of his family there.
Sir Philip had three children by Catherine Ussher: Judith, John and George. John would later become the first Baronet and grandfather to Egmont; George would father the Very Reverend William Perceval, grandfather to, amongst others, the Irish landlord Robert Perceval-Maxwell (1813-1905), William Perceval and Spencer Perceval, who together would purchase, administer and settle Amherst Island in Upper Canada.
John Perceval's father died when he was two, and in 1691, he succeeded his elder brother as fifth Baronet. The following year his mother also died. Perceval was educated at Westminster School, London, and at Magdalen College, Oxford. However, he left university without taking a degree.
In 1703, he was elected to the Irish House of Commons for County Cork, and in 1704 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council. Perceval was again elected for County Cork in 1713. He sat until 1715, when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Perceval, of Burton in the County of Cork, with remainder to the heirs male of his father. In 1722, he was created Viscount Perceval, of Kanturk in the County of Cork, in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to his heirs male. Lord Perceval was elected to the British House of Commons for Harwich in 1727, which constituency he continued to represent until 1734, and was also a Recorder of Harwich from 1728 to 1734. In 1733, he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Egmont in the Peerage of Ireland. However, he rejected the offer of a British peerage three times. Apart from his political career, he was also a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1728 he became a member of the committee of Parliament investigating prison conditions. He soon became a close associate of James Oglethorpe, who chaired the committee. In 1730, the two men were among those who formed an association that later became the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America. George II approved a charter for the colony in 1732, making Egmont president of the Georgia Trustees. He and Oglethorpe, working with several other close associates, devised an elaborate plan for settlement of the colony now famously known as the Oglethorpe Plan. He actively superintended the colonisation of Georgia, withholding 'neither money, time, nor influence in his ceaseless efforts to advance what he conceived to be the best interests of the province,’ and keeping with his own hand 'A Journal of the Transactions of the Trustees,’ &c., the second and third volumes of which have been printed.
Lord Egmont married Catherine, daughter of Sir Philip Parker, 2nd Baronet, in 1710. They had seven children, three sons and four daughters. Only three of the children reached adulthood.
- John (1711–1770), who succeeded him as the second Earl of Egmont
- Catherine (died 16 February 1748), who was married, on 14 April 1733, to Thomas Hanmer of Fenns, Flintshire
- Anne, born 12 May 1713, who died an infant
- Philip Clarke, born 21 June 1714, who also died an infant
- Mary, born 28 December 1716, who also died an infant
- George (28 January 1722 – July 1726)
- Helena (died 12 June 1746, who was married, on 10 November 1741, to Sir John Rawdon, bart. (afterwards first Earl of Moira).
Lady Egmont died on 22 August 1749. Engravings of Egmont and his wife by Faber, after Hysing and Gouge respectively, can be found in vol. ii. of the "Genealogical History of the House of Yvery," opposite pp. 403 and 444. A whole-length portrait of Egmont by Godfrey Kneller was engraved by John Smith.
- Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.409
- DNB00: "Perceval, John (1683-1748)"
- DNB00: "Perceval, Philip"
- DNB00: "Perceval, Richard"
- thepeerage.com: "Sir Philip Perceval"
- aols.org: "Association of Ontario Land Surveyors - Biography Cttee: William Perceval"
- nuigalway.ie: Landed Estate Database - "ESTATE: MAXWELL/PERCEVAL MAXWELL"
- proni.gov.uk: "INTRODUCTION - Perceval Maxwell Papers"
- Diary of Viscount Percival (afterwards 1st Earl of Egmont) (3 volumes, HMSO for Historical Manuscripts Commission, 1920–1923).
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.