John Philipps, 1st Viscount St Davids

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John Philipps, circa 1905.

John Wynford Philipps, 1st Viscount St Davids BtPCGBE, (30 May 1860 – 28 March 1938) was a British Liberal politician.

Background and education[edit]

Philipps was the eldest son of Reverend Sir James Erasmus Philipps, 12th Baronet, Vicar of Warminster and Prebendary of Salisbury.[1] He was the elder brother of Ivor Philipps and Owen Philipps, 1st Baron Kylsant, both also MPs, and of Laurence Philipps, 1st Baron Milford. He was educated at the Felsted School and at Keble College, Oxford, where he took a third-class honours degree in modern history in 1882. He studied law at the Middle Temple and was called to the Bar in 1886.[2]

Political career[edit]

Philipps sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Mid Lanarkshire from 1888 to 1895.

He did not defend his seat at the 1895 General Election. He sat for Pembrokeshire from 1898-1908. Four years before he succeeded his father in the baronetcy, he was raised to the peerage as Baron St Davids, of Roch Castle in the County of Pembroke. In 1918 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount St Davids, of Lydstep Haven in the County of Pembroke. He was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire in 1922.[3][4]

Election results[edit]

Mid Lanarkshire by-election, 1888 [5]

Registered electors 9,143

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 3,847 52.1 -4.5
Conservative William Bousfield 2,917 39.5 -4.0
Independent Labour James Keir Hardie 617 8.4 N/A
Majority 930 12.6 -0.4
Turnout 7,381 80.7 +5.9
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Mid Lanarkshire [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 4,611
Conservative Robert E.S. Harington-Stuart 3,489
Pembrokeshire by-election, 1898 [7]

Electorate 11,061

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 5,070 59.9
Conservative Hon. Hugh Frederick Vaughan Campbell 3,400 40.1
Majority 1,670 19.8
Turnout 8,470 76.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1900 Pembrokeshire[8]

Electorate 11,083

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wynford Philipps unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906 Pembrokeshire[9]

Electorate 11,322

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wynford Philipps 5,886 69.3 n/a
Conservative John Rolleston Lort-Williams 2,606 30.7 n/a
Majority 3,280 38.6 n/a
Turnout 8,492 75.0 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Personal life[edit]

Lord St Davids was married twice. Firstly, on 14 February 1888 to Leonora Gerstenberg. They had two children:

  • Capt. Hon. Colwyn Erasmus Arnold Philipps (11 December 1888 – 13 May 1915)
  • Capt. Hon. Roland Erasmus Philipps (27 February 1890 – 7 July 1916)

His first wife, Leonora, died on 30 March 1915. Both their sons died during the First World War and thus predeceased their father and did not inherit his title. Lord St Davids' second marriage was to Elizabeth Frances Abbey-Hastings on 27 April 1916. They had two children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles. Armorial Families, p. 787. Edinburgh: Grange Publishing Works, 1895.
  2. ^ "Philipps, John Wynford, 1st Viscount St. Davids, 13th Baronet, of Picton Castle," Welsh Biography Online, accessed 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ Profile, ancestry.com; accessed 13 June 2015.
  4. ^ Profile, thepeerage.com; accessed 13 June 2015.
  5. ^ Craig
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ thePeerage.com - Person Page 3300

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Stephen Mason
Member of Parliament for Mid Lanarkshire
18881894
Succeeded by
James Caldwell
Preceded by
William Rees Morgan Davies
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
18981908
Succeeded by
Walter Francis Roch
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Cawdor
Lord Lieutenant of Pembrokeshire
1911–1932
Succeeded by
Sir Evan Davies Jones, Bt
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount St Davids
1918–1938
Succeeded by
Jestyn Philipps
Baron St Davids
1908–1938
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Philipps
Baronet
(of Picton Castle)
1912–1938
Succeeded by
Jestyn Philipps