John Pope (Kentucky politician)

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John Pope
AR Pope John.jpg
President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate
In office
February 23, 1811 – November 3, 1811
Preceded by John Gaillard
Succeeded by William H. Crawford
United States Senator
from Kentucky
In office
March 4, 1807 – March 3, 1813
Preceded by Henry Clay
Succeeded by Jesse Bledsoe
12th Secretary of State of Kentucky
In office
October 21, 1816 – August 2, 1819
Governor Gabriel Slaughter
Preceded by Charles Stewart Todd
Succeeded by Oliver G. Waggener
3rd Governor of Arkansas Territory
In office
March 9, 1829 – March 9, 1835
President Andrew Jackson
Preceded by George Izard
Succeeded by William S. Fulton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by Benjamin Hardin
Succeeded by William Thomasson
Member of the Kentucky Senate
In office
1825–1829
Member of the Kentucky House of Representatives
In office
1802
1806–1807
Personal details
Born February 1770
Prince William County, Virginia, British America
Died July 12, 1845 (aged 75)
Springfield, Kentucky, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic-Republican (as Senator)
Democratic (as Governor)
Whig (as Representative)
Occupation Lawyer, politician

John Pope (February 1770 – July 12, 1845)[1] was a United States Senator from Kentucky, a member of the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky, Secretary of State of Kentucky, and the third Governor of Arkansas Territory.

Early life and education[edit]

Pope was born in Prince William County, Virginia in 1770. He lost his arm during his youth and was known as "One-Arm Pope". He graduated from the College of William & Mary, studied law and moved to Springfield, Kentucky where he was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Washington, Shelby, and Fayette County, Kentucky.

Political career[edit]

Pope served as the presidential elector from Kentucky in 1801, and was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1802. He served in the House again from 1806 to 1807.[2]

Pope was elected as a Jeffersonian Republican to the United States Senate, serving from 1807 to 1813, and served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Eleventh Congress. Pope was Secretary of State of Kentucky from 1816 to 1819, under Governor Gabriel Slaughter.[3]

He served as a member of the Kentucky Senate from 1825 to 1829, and was also elected three times to the United States House of Representatives, initially as an Independent[4] and then as a Whig, serving Kentucky's District 7 between 1837 and 1843.

From 1829 to 1835, he served as the Governor of Arkansas Territory. During his term as governor he arranged for the construction of the Old State House which remains the oldest surviving state capitol west of the Mississippi River.

Death[edit]

John Pope died in Springfield, Kentucky, and is buried in the Springfield Cemetery.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Pope was married to the sister-in-law of President John Quincy Adams. He was also the brother of Nathaniel Pope, a prominent figure in early Illinois Territory, and the uncle to both John Pope, Union General in the Civil War and Daniel Pope Cook, another prominent politician in the early history of the state of Illinois.

Legacy[edit]

Pope County, Arkansas is named for him.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ encyclopediaofarkansas.net
  2. ^ "Pope, John (1770–1845)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Secretary of State John Pope". Kentucky Secretary of State. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. p. 117. ISBN 978-0786402830. ; Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789–1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. p. 94. ISBN 978-0029201701. ; Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. p. 966. ISBN 978-0871879967. 
  5. ^ "John "One-Arm Pope" Pope". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Pope County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]