John Potter (bishop)

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John Potter
Archbishop of Canterbury
Abp John Potter.jpg
ChurchChurch of England
DioceseCanterbury
In office1737–1747
PredecessorWilliam Wake
SuccessorThomas Herring
Orders
Consecration15 May 1715
by Jonathan Trelawny
Personal details
Bornc. 1674
Wakefield, Yorkshire, England
Died10 October 1747
Lambeth, London, England
BuriedCroydon Minster
NationalityEnglish
DenominationAnglican
ParentsThomas Potter
SpouseElizabeth Venner
Previous postBishop of Oxford (1715–1737)
Alma materUniversity College, Oxford

John Potter PC (c. 1674 – 10 October 1747) was Archbishop of Canterbury (1737–1747).

Life[edit]

He was the son of a linen draper at Wakefield, Yorkshire. At the age of fourteen he entered University College, Oxford, and in 1693 he published notes on Plutarch's De audiendis poetis and Basil's Oratio ad juvenes. In 1694 he was elected fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford and in 1697 his edition of Lycophron appeared. It was followed by his Archaeologia graeca (2 vols. 8vo, 1697–1698), the popularity of which endured till the advent of Dr William Smith's dictionaries. A reprint of his Lycophron in 1702 was dedicated to Graevius, and the Antiquities was afterwards published in Latin in the Thesaurus of Gronovius.

Besides holding several livings he became, in 1704, chaplain to Archbishop Tenison, and shortly afterwards was made Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Queen Anne. From 1708 he was Regius Professor of Divinity and canon of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford. He married Elizabeth Venner in St. Paul's Cathedral in 1709.[1] She being a granddaughter of Thomas Venner, a Fifth Monarchy man hanged as a traitor. In 1715 he became Bishop of Oxford. In the same year appeared his edition of Clement of Alexandria. In 1707 he published a Discourse on Church Government, and he took a prominent part in the controversy with Benjamin Hoadly, Bishop of Bangor. Even though Potter was a notable Whig, he was a High Churchman and had opposed Hoadly. Bishop Potter also ordained John Wesley a deacon in the Church of England in September 1725, and ordained him a priest in 1728.

In January 1737 Potter was unexpectedly appointed to succeed William Wake in the see of Canterbury. While in that seat, he continued to represent a High Church position, but he was also ineffective at restoring the Convocation. Alexander Pope attacked him in the 1743 version of his The Dunciad (book II, 323).

Potter died on 10 October 1747. His Theological Works, consisting of sermons, charges, divinity lectures and the Discourse on Church Government, were published in three volumes.

Published in 1753, Potter's A System of Practical Mathematics is a comprehensive reference work which amongst other topics, addressed aspects of astronomy, and the recently adopted Gregorian calendrical system.

He was buried in Croydon Minster in Surrey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clay, John W., ed. Publications of the Harleian Society, Registers, Vol. 26, London, 1899. p. 26
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Potter, John". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 211–212.
Academic offices
Preceded by
William Jane
Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford
1707–1737
Succeeded by
George Rye
Church of England titles
Preceded by
William Talbot
Bishop of Oxford
1715–1737
Succeeded by
Thomas Secker
Preceded by
William Wake
Archbishop of Canterbury
1737–1747
Succeeded by
Thomas Herring