John Poulett, 1st Baron Poulett
John Poulett, 1st Baron Poulett, (1585 – 20 March 1649) of Hinton St George, Somerset, was an English sailor and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1610 and 1621 and was later raised to the peerage.
Poulett was the son of Sir Anthony Poulett (1562–1600) (also spelt Paulet), of Hinton St George, Governor of Jersey, and Captain of the Guard to Queen Elizabeth by his wife Catherine Norris, daughter of Henry Norris, 1st Baron Norreys (1525-1601) of Rycote in Oxfordshire.
He was educated at University College, Oxford and was admitted as a student of the Middle Temple in 1610. He was a Justice of the Peace for Somerset by 1613 to at least 1640 and was appointed Sheriff of Somerset for 1616–17. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Somerset in 1610 and 1614, and for Lyme Regis in 1621.
Poulett was raised to the peerage as Baron Poulett, of Hinton St George in the County of Somerset, on 23 June 1627. He served in the Royal Navy to secure English commerce and bullion ships from Dutch raiding expeditions. At the start of the Civil War he put his signature, together with those of other Lords and Councillors, to a declaration disavowing any intention by King Charles I to wage war against the Parliament, but as hostilities broke out he sided, on 15 June 1642, with the Royalist cause. He was one of the principal commanders at the Siege of Lyme Regis in Dorset. At war's end, Parliament gave him a pardon, but his house was constrained to settle a large sum in reparations.
Marriage & progeny
Poulett married Elizabeth Ken of Ken Court in Somerset. They had the following progeny:
- John Poulett, 2nd Baron Poulett
- Florence Poulett, married Thomas Smith of Long Ashton and was the mother of Sir Hugh Smith, 1st Baronet.
- Susan Poulett, married Michael Wharton of Beverly Park, Esq., son of Michael Wharton and Catherine Maltby (matrineal descendant of Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter)
- Margaret Poulett, married Denys Rolle (1614–1638) of Stevenstone and Bicton in Devon, Sheriff of Devon in 1636.
- Daughter, married Col. Richard Cholmondeley (1620-1644), of Grosmont, county York, Knight, a Royalist commander during the Civil War, and Governor of Axminster, who was killed at the Siege of Lyme Regis in Dorset in October 1644 and was buried at Brixton, Devon.
He died on 20 March 1649.
- "POULETT (PAULET), John (1586-1649), of Hinton St. George, Som. and Clerkenwell, Mdx". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- John Burke, John Bernard Burke A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies
- Collins, Arthur, Peerage of England: Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of England, Now Existing... Their Descents and Collateral Lines: Their Births, Marriages, and Issues... Deaths, Places of Burial, Monuments, Epitaphs... Also Their Paternal Coats of Arms, Crests, Supporters and Mottos, 1756, p. 229
- Verrill, Dorothy Lord Maltby; Maltbie, Birdsey Lucius, Maltby-Maltbie family history, 1864, pp. 81-83
- Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 652-656, pedigree of Rolle, p.653; http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PAULET.htm#William%20PAULET%20%281%C2%B0%20M.%20Winchester%29[unreliable source]
- Courthope, William John, Synopsis of the extinct baronetage of England : containing the date of the creation, with the succession of baronets, and their respective marriages and the time of death; "Daughter of Sir Richard Cholmondeley, Baronet" (non-existent person), per Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, London, p.67
- Roberts, George, The History and Antiquities of the Borough of Lyme Regis and Charmouth, London, 1834, p.103 
- Arthur Collins, Peerage of England, F. C. and J. Rivington, 1812, pp.9–10
|Parliament of England|
Sir Maurice Berkeley
Sir Francis Hastings
|Member of Parliament for Somerset
With: Sir Maurice Berkeley
Sir Maurice Berkeley
Sir Edward Seymour, Bt
|Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis
With: Robert Hassard
Sir John Drake
|Peerage of England|
|New creation||Baron Poulett