John Quincy

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This article is about the soldier and politician. For others with the same name, see John Quincy (medical writer) and John Quincy (Minnesota politician).
John Quincy
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1729–1741
Preceded by William Dudley
Succeeded by William Fairfield
Personal details
Born July 21, 1689
Boston, Massachusetts
Died July 13, 1767 (aged 77)
Mt. Wollaston, Massachusetts
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Norton
Children Norton Quincy
Anna Quincy Thaxter
Elizabeth Quincy Smith
Lucy Quincy Tufts
Relatives Abigail Adams (granddaughter)
John Quincy Adams (great-grandson)
Education Harvard College (1708)
Occupation Soldier, Politician

Colonel John Quincy (July 21, 1689 – July 13, 1767) was an American soldier, politician and member of the Quincy political family. His granddaughter Abigail Adams named her son, John Quincy Adams, after him. The city of Quincy, Massachusetts is named after him.[1]

Early life[edit]

John Quincy was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Daniel Quincy (1651–1690) and Anna Shepard (1663–1708). Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Braintree, Massachusetts and established a homestead at Mount Wollaston, or Merry Mount, in what is present-day Quincy. Daniel died when John was one year old; his mother subsequently married the Reverend Moses Fiske. Quincy attended Harvard College, graduating in 1708.

Quincy's paternal grandparents were Edmund Quincy II (1628-1698) and his second wife, Elizabeth Gookin Eliot (1645–1700), who built the Dorothy Quincy House (1685). His paternal grandfather's father was Edmund Quincy (1602-1636), known as "the Puritan", was an early English settler of Massachusetts Bay Colony. His paternal grandmother's father was Daniel Gookin (1612–1687), a settler of Virginia and Massachusetts from Ireland.[2]

When his maternal grandmother died in 1709, Quincy inherited Mt. Wollaston, an estate purchased by his great-grandfather, Captain William Tyng, one of Boston's wealthiest merchants, who had acquired the property and other lands from William Coddington (1601–1678), who was in exile.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1717, he was elected to represent Braintree at the Massachusetts General Court, was re-elected in 1719, and served in that capacity until 1740. From 1729 to 1741, he served as the Speaker of the House. In 1741, Quincy was voted out of office, but was returned there in 1744, where he served four additional years.[3]

Personal life[edit]

John Quincy's Grave

On September 3, 1715 he married Elizabeth Norton (1696–1769), daughter of the Reverend John Norton of Hingham. Although officially only achieving the rank of major in the British army, he was commonly referred to as "Colonel". Together they had:

  • Norton Quincy (1716–1801), who married Martha Salisbury (1727–1748)
  • Anna Quincy (1719–1799), married John Thaxter (1721–1802)
  • Elizabeth Quincy (1721–1775), who married William Smith (1707-1783).[4]
  • Lucy Quincy (1729–1785), married Cotton Tufts (1732–1815)

He died on 13 July 1767 at the age of 77, only two days after the birth of his namesake, John Quincy Adams, and one month before the duty on tea had been imposed by Act of Parliament of June 14, 1767.[3]

Descendants[edit]

His granddaughter Abigail Adams (1744–1818), daughter of Elizabeth and the eventual First Lady of the United States, named her son, John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), after him. Adams went on to become the 6th President of the United States, serving from 1825 to 1829. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives.[5]

Honors[edit]

The city of Quincy, Massachusetts is named after him.[1]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Herring, James; Longacre, James Barton (1853). The National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. D. Rice & A.N. Hart. p. 1. ISBN 0-405-02500-9. Retrieved October 22, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts, Vol II", by William Richard Cutter, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York (1908), pp. 592-598.
  3. ^ a b c Wilson, D. M. (Daniel Munro); Adams, Charles Francis; Quincy Historical Society, Quincy. John Quincy, master of Mount Wollaston; provincial statesman; colonel of Suffolk regiment; speaker of the Massachusetts House of representatives; member of His Majesty's Council; an address delivered Sunday, February 23, 1908, under the auspices of the Quincy historical society. Boston, G. H. Ellis. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Kathryn Cullen-DuPont (August 1, 2000). Encyclopedia of women's history in America. Infobase Publishing. pp. 3–4. ISBN 978-0-8160-4100-8. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  5. ^ "Congressional biography". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
Sources
  • Wilson, Daniel Munro, and Charles Francis Adams. John Quincy, Master of Mount Wollaston. Boston: George H. Ellis Company, 1909.
Preceded by
William Dudley
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
1729 – 1741
Succeeded by
William Fairfield