John R. Guthrie
John Reiley Guthrie
General John Reiley Guthrie
|Born||December 20, 1921|
Phillipsburg, New Jersey
|Died||May 25, 2009 (aged 87)|
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1942–1981|
|Commands held||U.S. Army Materiel Readiness and Development Command|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
|Other work||Trustee, Princeton University|
Director, Landpower Education Program
John Reiley Guthrie (December 20, 1921 – May 25, 2009) was a United States Army four-star general who served as Commanding General, U.S. Army Development and Research Command (CG DARCOM), from 1977 to 1981. In the 1980s, DARCOM was renamed United States Army Materiel Command.
Guthrie was born in Phillipsburg, New Jersey, on December 20, 1921. He attended Blair Academy, graduating in 1938, and graduated from Princeton University with a B.A. degree in 1942. An honor graduate of the Princeton ROTC, he was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, Field Artillery Reserve, and immediately ordered to active duty. He was integrated into the Regular Army in July 1946, while on duty with the War Department General Staff. In October 1946, he was assigned to London, England as Assistant to the Military Attaché, where he served for three years.
In November 1949, he returned to the U.S. and was assigned to the 39th Field Artillery Battalion, 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Benning, Georgia. He served as Battery Commander and S-3 of the 39th at Fort Benning, Japan and Korea, until June 1951 when he was assigned as S-3, 3rd Infantry Division Artillery. During this period, he participated in operations against guerrillas in the Wonsan area, the evacuation from Hŭngnam, the reoccupation of Seoul and the spring Chinese offensive and United Nations counteroffensive.
Upon his return to the United States, he commanded the 602nd Field Artillery Battalion and Fort Sill from February 1952 to May 1953. He was then assigned to the Staff and Faculty at the Artillery and Guided Missile School as a member of the Combat Developments Department. In March 1956, he was transferred to the Office of the Chief of Research and Development, HQDA, for duty with the Surface-to-Surface Missiles Division and later with the Missiles and Space Division. He was the Army Staff project officer for the launching of the United States' first artificial earth satellite, Explorer 1. In July 1958, he was assigned as the Military Assistant to the Secretary of the Army and was appointed Assistant Executive to the Secretary of the Army on August 1, 1959.
After serving in this position for a year, he attended the National War College and graduated in 1961. He was then assigned to the Staff, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific, Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii, serving as Deputy Chief, War Games Branch, and Group Operations Officer, from August 1961 to February 1964. In February 1964, he assumed command of the 25th Infantry Division Artillery, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, which he commanded until appointed Chief of Staff, 25th Infantry Division, in July 1964. In July 1965, he returned to the Continental United States and was assigned to the Requirements and Development Division, J-5 Directorate, Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington, D.C.
In March 1966, he became Director of Developments, Office of the Chief of Research and Development, HQDA. He remained in that position until his reassignment to Korea, where he served as Assistant Division Commander (Maneuver) and Assistant Division Commander (Support), 2nd Infantry Division, which at the time was actively engaged in counter-infiltration operations along the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
General Guthrie was named Deputy Director of Development and Engineering, AMC, in November 1968; became Director of Research, Development and Engineering in August 1969; and was selected as Deputy Commanding General for Materiel Acquisition, AMC, in April 1971. In October 1973, General Guthrie returned overseas to become Deputy Chief of Staff, United States Pacific Command, Hawaii. In March 1975, he was promoted to lieutenant general and assigned as Commanding General, IX Corps and United States Army, Japan.
In May 1977, General Guthrie returned to AMC, which had been redesignated the U.S. Army Materiel Readiness and Development Command, as its Commanding General. He remained in that assignment until his retirement in August 1981.
In retirement, Guthrie was Director of the Association of the United States Army's Landpower Education Program, a position he filled until December 1986. He also served as a Trustee of Princeton University from 1981 to 1985, was on the Board of Directors of the Army and Air Force Mutual Aid Association and the Board of Advisors of the National Contract Management Association, and as a member of the National Research Council's Space Technology Assessment Panel and its Committee on Artificial Intelligence and Army Robotics.
General Guthrie died May 25, 2009. The 2010 Virginia General Assembly passed a resolution celebrating his life and expressing the "high regard" in which his memory is held by the members of the legislature and the citizens of Virginia.
- Staff. "84 Blair Graduates Receive Diplomas; John Reiley Guthrie Gets Two of Major Awards", The New York Times, June 14, 1938. Accessed September 14, 2018. "John Reiley Guthrie of Phillipsburg received two of the prizes, the McDonald Trophy for the highest all-round achievement in the senior class and the John F. Dumont Prize for the highest rank in English."
- Staff. "John Reiley Guthrie '42", Princeton Alumni Weekly, October 7, 2009. Accessed September 14, 2018. "John R. Guthrie, a four-star U.S. Army general, died May 25, 2009. Jack came to Princeton from Blair Academy. He joined Key and Seal, received honors in history, and was a major in ROTC."
- Princeton University bio
- HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 257 Celebrating the life of Rebecca Jeffers Guthrie Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Davis, Rebekah (June 2, 2009), "General Fought in Korea, Worked on Explorer I", The Washington Post
- SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 189 Celebrating the life of General John Reiley Guthrie, USA Ret. Archived 2012-10-16 at the Wayback Machine