John Randolph (actor)
|Born||Emanuel Hirsch Cohen
June 1, 1915
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||February 24, 2004
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Cunningham (1942–1986; her death; 2 children)|
Randolph was born in New York City, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia and Romania. His mother, Dorothy (née Shorr), was an insurance agent, and his father, Louis Cohen, was a hat manufacturer. In the 1930s, he spent his summers at the Pine Brook Country Club in Nichols, Connecticut which was the summer home of the Group Theatre. He made his Broadway debut in 1938 in Coriolanus. Randolph joined the United States Army Air Forces in World War II. He had a small role in the 1948 film in The Naked City.
He and wife Sarah Cunningham were blacklisted from working in Hollywood films and in New York film and television and radio after 1948. In 1955 they were both called before the HUAC to testify concerning ongoing investigations concerning Communist infiltration in the American entertainment industry. Both he and his wife refused to answer questions and cited the Fifth Amendment protection against testifying against themselves.
John and Sarah Randolph were very active in AFTRA, SAG and in Actor's Equity, were elected members of union boards and became vice presidents at various times during their careers.
Randolph was one of the last blacklisted actors to regain employment in Hollywood films when director John Frankenheimer cast him in a major role in Seconds in 1966. Randolph was in the original New York stage productions of The Sound of Music (as Von Trapp's butler, Franz), Paint Your Wagon, and The Visit.
He won the 1987 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in the Neil Simon play, Broadway Bound. He made his last Broadway appearance in 1991 in Prelude to a Kiss.
In the 1970s he made three appearances as Cornelius "Junior" Harrison, father of Emily Hartley in The Bob Newhart Show. In 1974, he played an Air Force Colonel in the Columbo episode Swan Song. In 1975, Randolph was cast as General Philip Blankenship in The New Original Wonder Woman pilot. He was replaced by Richard Eastham in the television series. He had an uncredited role in the 1976 film All The President's Men as the voice of Richard Nixon's Attorney General John Mitchell. In 1979, he had a notable guest appearance with Ed Begley Jr. on M*A*S*H as an adjutant Army general admiring the culinary prowess of a master chef errantly assigned as a foot soldier in a front unit...
John also appeared in a made-for-TV movie entitled The Gathering, a Christmas themed show along with Edward Asner and Maureen Stapleton. This 1977 movie was nominated and won the Emmy for Outstanding Special - Drama or Comedy.
He appeared in "The Handicap Spot", an early episode of the television sitcom Seinfeld as Frank Costanza, George Costanza's father. He was later replaced by Jerry Stiller. In 1995, the scenes in which Randolph appeared were re-shot with Stiller. The re-shot version is shown in syndication in the United States. The original version, with Randolph, can be seen outside the U.S. and on DVD.
He costarred with Alec Guinness, Leo McKern, Jeanne Moreau and Lauren Bacall, in the BBC production of A Foreign Field (1993) as a World War II veteran returning to France to find the woman he fell in love with. Among his most famous film roles was Chief Sidney Green in Serpico (1973), directed by Sidney Lumet. He also played the father of Charlie Partana (played by Jack Nicholson) in Prizzi's Honor and Clark W. Griswold, Sr. in National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (with Chevy Chase). One of his last film roles was as Joe Fox's grandfather in You've Got Mail (1998).
- Seconds (1966)
- The Borgia Stick (1967)
- Pretty Poison (1968)
- Smith! (1969)
- Gaily, Gaily (1969)
- Number One (1969)
- There Was a Crooked Man... (1970)
- Little Murders (1971)
- Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971)
- Serpico (1973)
- Earthquake (1974)
- King Kong (1976)
- All The President's Men (1976)
- The Gathering (1977)
- Heaven Can Wait (1978)
- Lovely But Deadly (1981)
- The Adventures of Nellie Bly (1981)
- Frances (1982)
- Prizzi's Honor (1985)
- National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (1989)
- Sibling Rivalry (1990)
- A Price Above Rubies (1998)
- You've Got Mail (1998)
- Sunset Strip (2000)
- "Film Reference bio". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Ben Sisario (February 28, 2004). "John Randolph, 88, an Actor On Broadway and in the Movies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
Mr. Randolph and his wife were called before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1955 but refused to testify. He remained blacklisted from film and television work until the mid-1960's, returning to work in the science-fiction film Seconds in 1966. That film, directed by John Frankenheimer, starred Rock Hudson and also featured Will Greer [sic] and Jeff Corey, who had also been blacklisted.
- "The Name Game". latimes. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- People's Weekly World: "John Randolph's life and legacy" Archived October 29, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Ronald Bergan (2004-03-08). "John Randolph The Guardian Article". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- "Pinewood Lake website retrieved on 2010-09-10". Pinewoodlake.org. 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
- Images of America, Trumbull Historical Society, 1997, p. 123
- Martha Randolph
- "Six Entertainers Defy Un-American Probers in Red Theater Quiz". Schenectady Gazette (United Press). Aug 16, 1955. p. 1. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- CNN.com, February 27, 2004
- "John Randolph, 88; Tony-Winning Character Actor Was Blacklisted". latimes. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- John Randolph at the Internet Broadway Database
- John Randolph at the Internet Movie Database
- John Randolph at Find a Grave
- In Remembrance: John Randolph
- John Randolph papers, 1921-1998 (bulk 1940-1975), held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- John Randolph(Aveleyman)