John Rankin Rogers
|John R. Rogers|
|3rd Governor of Washington|
January 11, 1897 – December 26, 1901
|Preceded by||John H. McGraw|
|Succeeded by||Henry McBride|
|Member of the Washington House of Representatives|
September 4, 1838|
|Died||December 26, 1901
|Political party||Populist / Democrat|
|Spouse(s)||Sarah L. Greene (1840–1909)|
|Profession||druggist, educator, farmer|
John Rankin Rogers (September 4, 1838 – December 26, 1901) was the third Governor of the state of Washington. Elected as a member of the People's Party before switching his affiliation to the Democratic Party, Rogers was elected to two consecutive terms in 1896 and 1900, but died before completing his fifth year in office.
John R. Rogers was born September 4, 1838 in Brunswick, Maine.
Rogers went to Boston as a youth and apprenticed as a druggist, then moved south to Mississippi in 1856 to manage a drug store for four years in Jackson. He moved north to Illinois in 1860, where he farmed and worked was a school teacher and druggist. He married Sarah Greene in 1861 and together they had five children.
In 1876 the family relocated to Kansas to farm and Rogers was later an editor of the Kansas Commoner for several years in Wichita, and was an organizer within the Farmers' Alliance. Rogers moved to Washington in 1890 and settled in Puyallup, where he operated a drug store.
Rogers was elected to the Washington House of Representatives in 1895 as a Populist, and governor the following year. As governor he supported the "Barefoot Schoolboy Act" which he had first sponsored while in the state legislature. The Act provided a mechanism of state funding to equalize support for free public education between counties which had a large tax base and those without. Rogers was a conditional supporter of the Single Tax Movement associated with Henry George. He switched his affiliation to the Democratic Party in 1900 (he was the first Democrat to serve as governor; Ernest Lister would be the first politician from the state to be elected outright as a Democrat in 1913).
John R. Rogers authored many books, pamphlets and articles that followed a Populist and Arcadian Agrarian spirit. Growing up in New England when Jeffersonian ideals were talked about frequently was a strong influence on his political future.
Death and legacy
Two high schools in the state are named for Rogers, on either side of the Cascade Mountains. John R. Rogers High School in Spokane in Eastern Washington opened in 1932 and Governor John R. Rogers High School in Puyallup opened in 1968.
Rogers Field, the football and track stadium at Washington State University in Pullman, was named for him in 1902. A fire, a suspected arson, significantly damaged the wooden stadium in April 1970. The stadium was reconstructed in 1972 and its name changed to Martin Stadium, after Clarence D. Martin, the eleventh governor of Washington (ironically, a graduate of the University of Washington). The present-day Rogers Field at WSU refers to the practice and intramural fields directly west of the stadium.
- John Rankin Rogers Papers, 1814-1926," Archived 2006-08-29 at the Wayback Machine. Washington State University, Pullman, WA.
- OurCampaigns.com-John Rankin Rogers
- Rogers, John Rankin. Homes for the Homeless. An Argument in Favor of a Non-taxable Homestead. Seattle: Allen Printing, 1895.
- Spokesman-Review - Fast blaze ruins Pullman stadium - 1970-04-06 - p.1
- David B. Griffiths, "Far-Western Populist Thought: A Comparative Study of John R. Rogers and Davis H. Waite," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 60, no. 4 (Oct. 1969), pp. 183–192. In JSTOR.
- R. Douglas Hurt, "John R. Rogers: The Union Labor Party, Georgism, and Agrarian Reform." Journal of the West, vol. 16 (January 1977), pp. 10–15.
- Edmond S. Meany, Governors of Washington: Territorial and State. Seattle: University of Washington, 1915.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Rankin Rogers.|
- Examination of the Barefoot Schoolboy Act at Washington Secretary of State website
John H. McGraw
|Governor of Washington