John Reed (art patron)
John Harford Reed
10 December 1901
|Died||5 December 1981 (aged 79)|
Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
|Occupation||Art editor and patron|
|Spouse(s)||Sunday Reed (m.1932–81; his death)|
|Children||Sweeney Reed (adopted)|
Reed was born at 'Logan', near Evandale near Launceston, Tasmania, one of six children of wealthy English-born grazier Henry Reed and his wife Lila Borwick, born Dennison in the Orkney Islands, Scotland. Reed's youngest sister, Cynthia later married artist and printmaker Sidney Nolan. In 1911 the Reeds left Launceston for England to enhance their children's education. When World War I broke out they returned to Tasmania to settle with John Reed's grandmother at Mount Pleasant, a mansion in Prospect, Tasmania. His grandfather was Henry Reed. He attended Geelong Grammar between 1915 and 1920, and subsequently went to England to study law at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University gaining a BA, LL.B, in 1924.
After graduating Reed returned to Australia to practise law in Melbourne, where he met Sunday Baillieu. They married on 13 January 1932. In 1934 they purchased a former dairy farm on the Yarra River floodplain at Bulleen, a suburb of Melbourne, which became known as Heide. A number of modernist artists, known as the Heide Circle came to live and work at Heide at various times during the 1930s, '40s and '50s, and consequently many of the most famous works of the period were painted there. Albert Tucker, Sidney Nolan, and Joy Hester, among others, all worked at Heide. Nolan painted his famous series of Ned Kelly works in its living room.
The Heide Circle
The Heide Circle is well known for the entwined personal and professional lives of the people involved. Sunday Reed conducted affairs with a number of them, with the knowledge of her husband. Most famously, Sidney Nolan lived in a ménage à trois with John and Sunday Reed at Heide for several years until July 1947. The artist colony has acquired notoriety in Australian culture. Philippe Mora's film Absolutely Modern which premiered in 2013 is based on 1940s Heide and interprets Modernism, the role of female muse and sexuality in Art of the period. David Rainey's 2014 play The Ménage at Soria Moria is a fictitious performance piece exploring the relationship between the Reeds and Sidney Nolan – both the heady days at Heide during the 1940s, and the less well known degeneration over the next 35 years, which is also the subject of Kendrah Morgan's and Lesley Harding's 2015 Modern Love: The Lives of John and Sunday Reed.
John discontinued his legal practice in 1943. After reading the first issue of the modernist literary magazine, Angry Penguins, Reed visited its editor, Max Harris, in Adelaide and by the end of World War II he and Sunday had become the major supporters of modern art in Australia, and he took on management of Victoria's Contemporary Art Society (CAS). Reed became the publisher of Angry Penguins, which subsequently perpetrated the notorious Ern Malley hoax which resulted prosecution of Harris by South Australian police for publishing immoral and obscene material, after which the magazine soon folded.
In 1958 with the assistance of businessman, restaurateur, art dealer and close friend Georges Mora, and using their own funds, the Reeds transformed the Contemporary Art Society gallery, where George's wife Mirka had exhibited in August the year before, into the 'Museum of Modern Art (and Design) of Australia' (MOMAA), modelled on MoMA in New York, with John as its director and located in Tavistock Place, a lane-way off 376 Flinders Street, Melbourne. It held exhibitions of important contemporary Australian and international art of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Daughter of Myer Emporium director Sir Norman Myer, Pamela Warrender, whom Mora came to know through their visits to his Balzac Restaurant, a gathering-place for artists, became chair of the museum. The Museum operated until 1966 and was formally dissolved in 1981 for the Reeds' establishment of the Heide Museum of Modern Art which opened in November 1981.
Reed died in his home on 5 December 1981 five days before his 80th birthday and almost a month before his 50th wedding anniversary. Sunday Reed died 10 days after him on 15 December.
- Reid, Barrett; Underhill, Nancy, eds. (2001). Letters of John Reed: defining Australia's cultural life, 1920–1981. Ringwood, Vic: Viking. p. 943. ISBN 0-670-81506-3.
- Lesley Harding & Kendrah Morgan (2015) Modern love: the lives of John & Sunday Reed, Carlton, Victoria The Miegunyah Press, an imprint of Melbourne University Publishing Limited, in association with Heide Museum of Modern Art, State Library Victoria. ISBN 9780522862812
- Richard Haese, 'Reed, John Harford (1901–1981)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/reed-john-harford-14394/text25467, published first in hardcopy 2012, accessed online 30 August 2019. The article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012
- "Launceston Lives". Launceston City Council. Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 26 October 2006.
- Burke, Janine (January 2004). The Heart Garden: Sunday Reed and Heide. Milsons Point, New South Wales: Random House. p. 94. ISBN 1-74051-202-2.
- "Ménage à trois". aCOMMENT. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- "Review of 'Absolutely Modern'". aCOMMENT. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- "The Ménage at Soria Moria". aCOMMENT. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Harding, Lesley; Morgan, Kendrah, (author.); ProQuest (Firm) (2015), Modern love : the lives of John & Sunday Reed, The Miegunyah Press, an imprint of Melbourne University Publishing, ISBN 978-0-522-86282-9CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Haese, Richard; Juan Davila collection (1981), Rebels and precursors : the revolutionary years of Australian art, Allen Lane, ISBN 978-0-7139-1362-0
- Harris, Samela (2003). "Angry Penguins". Ern Malley, the Official Website. Retrieved 26 October 2006.
- "Ern Malley". aCOMMENT. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- Harding, Lesley; Morgan, Kendrah, (author.) (2018). Mirka & Georges : a culinary affair (1st ed.). Miegunyah Press. ISBN 978-0-522-87220-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link), p.151
- Palmer, Sheridan (2008), Centre of the periphery : three European art historians in Melbourne, Australian Scholarly Publishing, ISBN 978-1-74097-165-2
- John Reed on aCOMMENT – a site publishing well-researched essays and articles to encourage informed debate on John and Sunday Reed, and other Heide habitués