John Ripley (USMC)

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John Ripley
Col John W. Ripley.jpg
Birth nameJohn Walter Ripley
Nickname(s)"Rip"
Born(1939-06-29)June 29, 1939
Radford, Virginia, U.S.
DiedOctober 28, 2008(2008-10-28) (aged 69)
Annapolis, Maryland, U.S.
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUSMC logo.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service1957–1992
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Commands held4th Platoon, 2nd Force Reconnaissance Company, FMFLANT
Lima Company 3rd Battalion 3rd Marines
1st Battalion 2nd Marines
2nd Marine Regiment
Battles/warsVietnam War
AwardsNavy Cross ribbon.svg Navy Cross
Silver Star ribbon.svg Silver Star
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star ribbon.svg Bronze Star (2)
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart
Other workSouthern Virginia University
Hargrave Military Academy
USMC History & Museums Division, Director
External image
image icon Diorama depicting Colonel John Ripley underneath the Dong Ha bridge located at the United States Naval Academy. Displayed at Modern American Heroes by Norman Fulkerson.

John Walter Ripley (June 29, 1939 – October 28, 2008) was a decorated United States Marine Corps Colonel who received the Navy Cross for his actions in combat during the Vietnam War. On Easter morning 1972, Captain Ripley repeatedly exposed himself to intense enemy fire over a three-hour period as he prepared to blow up an essential bridge in Dong Ha.[1] His actions significantly hampered the North Vietnamese Army's advance into South Vietnam. The story of "Ripley at the Bridge" is legendary in the Marine Corps and is captured in a gripping diorama at the United States Naval Academy.

On October 28, 2009, the first biography about Col. Ripley was published. It was written by Norman Fulkerson and is titled An American Knight, The Life of Col. John W. Ripley.[2]

Marine career[edit]

John Walter Ripley was born on June 29, 1939, in Radford, Virginia[3] and his family lived there until he was five years old. They then moved to Portsmouth, Ohio, where they remained for some years before finally settling in Radford, Virginia. After graduating from Radford High School, John Ripley enlisted into the Marine Corps in 1957 at 17 years of age. A year later, he was appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy by the Secretary of the Navy. He graduated in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering, and received his commission as a second lieutenant. After completing The Basic School, he joined the Marine detachment on the USS Independence (CV-62).[4] After his sea duty, he joined 2nd Battalion, 2nd Marines. In May 1965, Ripley was transferred to 2nd Force Reconnaissance Company, and after training, he deployed to Vietnam with his platoon.

In October 1966, Ripley joined 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines in South Vietnam. He served as company commander of Lima Company, known as Ripley's Raiders, was wounded in action, then returned to active duty and completed his combat tour.[5] In October 1969, Capt Ripley was selected to serve as exchange officer with the British Royal Marines and Special Boat Service.

During his two years of Vietnam service, he participated in 26 major operations. In addition to numerous decorations for extensive combat experience at the rifle company and battalion levels, Ripley was awarded the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism in destroying the Dong Ha bridge during the April 1972 North Vietnamese Easter Offensive (also known as the Nguyen Hue Offensive). That action is memorialized at the Naval Academy with a large diorama titled "Ripley at the Bridge."[6]

John Ripley in 1971

While under intense unrelenting enemy fire, Ripley dangled for an estimated three hours under the bridge in order to attach 500 pounds of explosives to the span, ultimately obliterating it. His action, conducted under enemy fire while going back and forth for materials, definitively thwarted an onslaught by 20,000 enemy troops and dozens of tanks and was the subject of a book, The Bridge at Dong Ha, by Colonel John Grider Miller. He attributes his success to the help of God and his mother. When his energy was about to give out he began a rhythmic chant, "Jesus, Mary, Get me there". His body taxed to its extreme limits, his action is considered one of the greatest examples of concentration under fire in the annals of U.S. military history.

Following his tours in Vietnam, Capt Ripley was promoted to major on 1 June 1972. Ripley served with Marine Force Reconnaissance; served as the military aide to General Snowden and Chief of Staff of the Marine Corps during the late 1970s. As a lieutenant colonel, Ripley assumed command of 1st Battalion, 2nd Marines from July 1979 to May 1981.[7] During this time they deployed for Combined Arms Exercise 2-80, then to the Mountain Warfare Training Center. Upon completion of his tour with the 2d Marines, LtCol Ripley attended Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, graduating in 1982. He then reported to the Joint Staff, Joint Chiefs of Staff, serving as Political-Military Planner and branch chief, European Division, J-5. Ripley was next assigned to the United States Naval Academy where he served as senior Marine and director, Division of English and History from 1984 to 1987. He was promoted to colonel on 1 July 1984. Col Ripley next spent a year as assistant chief of staff, G-3, with 3rd Marine Expeditionary Force, Okinawa, Japan. Ripley assumed command of 2nd Marine Regiment, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina from 14 July 1988 to 19 July 1990.[8] The 2d Marines deployed twice as a regiment to Norway. Colonel Ripley was next assigned to the U.S. Naval Academy, where he served as senior Marine and director, Division of English and History from 1984 to 1987. His final tours in the Marine Corps were in charge of the NROTC detachments at Oregon State University and the Virginia Military Institute, and as the senior Marine at the United States Naval Academy teaching English and history. He earned the "Quad Body" distinction for making it through four of the toughest military training programs in the world: the Army Rangers, Marine Reconnaissance, Underwater Demolition Team and Britain's Royal Marines Commandos, according to Miller's book. He was the first Marine officer to be inducted in the U.S. Army Ranger Hall of Fame. Ripley retired from the Marine Corps in 1992 after 35 years of active duty service. He received more than five awards for his acts of bravery in Vietnam.

Post-active duty[edit]

After his retirement from active duty in 1992, Ripley became president and chancellor of Southern Seminary College for Women (now Southern Virginia University) in Buena Vista, Virginia. In 1997, Ripley stepped down as the head of Southern Seminary and headed to Chatham, Virginia where he took charge of Hargrave Military Academy as the private military boarding school's eighth president, remaining in command for two years. He was selected in 1999 by the Commandant of the Marine Corps as the director of the History and Museums Division.

In June 1992 Col. Ripley testified against women in the military before a presidential commission.[9] He based his arguments on a defense of "femininity, motherhood, and what we have come to appreciate in Western culture as the graceful conduct of women." In the following year he spoke against homosexuals in the military during the House Armed Services Committee hearings that preceded the implementation of President Clinton's "Don't ask, don't tell" policy.[10]

As a result of combat action, Colonel Ripley contracted a disease that in the summer of 2002 required a liver transplant. Nearing death, with little time left and already having received Last Rites twice, a replacement liver was located. The Commandant of the Marine Corps, who called Col. Ripley a living symbol of pride, sent a section of CH-46s helicopters from the Marine One presidential squadron to Philadelphia to retrieve the liver. After further coordination with the Washington D.C. Police to obtain a landing zone in the city, the liver was delivered in time for a successful transplant.[11]

In October 2006, John Ripley returned to the site of the Dong Ha Bridge to film a documentary of his action. The documentary was hosted by Oliver North, and was shown on November 12, 2006, on Fox News.[12]

Awards and decorations[edit]

U.S. military decorations
Navy Cross
Silver Star Medal
Gold star
Legion of Merit with gold award star
V
Gold star
Bronze Star Medal with Combat Distinguishing Device and gold award star
Purple Heart
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal
Gold star
Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with gold award star
Gold star
Combat Action Ribbon with gold award star
U.S. Unit Awards
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Unit Commendation
U.S. Service (Campaign) Medals and Service and Training Ribbons
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal with bronze service star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Silver star
Vietnam Service Medal with silver service star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with four bronze service stars
South Vietnamese Army Distinguished Service Order, 2nd Class
Vietnam Gallantry Cross
Vietnam Civil Actions Medal
Vietnam Campaign Medal
U.S. badges, patches and tabs
Diver Badge (USN).jpg Scuba Diver Badge
Navy and Marine Corps Parachutist Insignia
USMC Rifle Expert badge.png Rifle Expert Badge
USMC Pistol Expert badge.png Pistol Expert Badge

In 2002, he also became the very first Marine officer to receive the "Distinguished Graduate Award", the highest and most prestigious award given by the United States Naval Academy. Also, in May 2004, Marines of the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit named a Forward Operating Base after him "FOB Ripley" (now Multi National Base Tarin Kot) in south-central Afghanistan.[13]

In July 2006, the Naval Academy Preparatory School in Newport, Rhode Island dedicated its new dormitory as "Ripley Hall", honoring their former graduate.[14]

On June 11, 2008, Ripley became the first Marine to be inducted into the U.S. Army Ranger Hall of Fame — honored for the assault on the Dong Ha Bridge, on Easter morning 1972.[15]

On Tuesday November 11, 2008, Veteran's Day, Ripley's hometown of Radford, VA held a ceremony in memory of him. It had been originally intended to be in honor of him, but he died a couple weeks before the ceremony took place. His son was presented with a key to the city and a plaque declaring November 11, 2008, John W Ripley day in Radford, VA.

Navy Cross citation[edit]

Citation:

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Captain John W. Ripley (MCSN: 0-84239), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism on 2 April 1972 while serving as the Senior Marine Advisor to the Third Vietnamese Marine Corps Infantry Battalion in the Republic of Vietnam. Upon receipt of a report that a rapidly moving, mechanized, North Vietnamese army force, estimated at reinforced divisional strength, was attacking south along Route #1, the Third Vietnamese Marine Infantry Battalion was positioned to defend a key village and the surrounding area. It became imperative that a vital river bridge be destroyed if the overall security of the northern provinces of Military Region One was to be maintained. Advancing to the bridge to personally supervise this most dangerous but vitally important assignment, Captain Ripley located a large amount of explosives which had been pre-positioned there earlier, access to which was blocked by a chain-link fence. In order to reposition the approximately 500 pounds of explosives, Captain Ripley was obliged to reach up and hand-walk along the beams while his body dangled beneath the bridge. On five separate occasions, in the face of constant enemy fire, he moved to points along the bridge and, with the aid of another advisor who pushed the explosives to him, securely emplaced them. He then detonated the charges and destroyed the bridge, thereby stopping the enemy assault. By his heroic actions and extraordinary courage, Captain Ripley undoubtedly was instrumental in saving an untold number of lives. His inspiring efforts reflected great credit upon himself, the Marine Corps, and the United States Naval Service.[16]

Silver Star citation[edit]

Citation:

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Captain John Walter Ripley (MCSN: 0-84239/1653859), United States Marine Corps, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving as Commanding Officer of Company L, Third Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in connection with operations against the enemy in the Republic of Vietnam. On 21 August 1967, Company L was assigned the mission of reinforcing a convoy that had been surprised by a large enemy force and was pinned down. With one rifle platoon, a small command group, and accompanied by two M-42 dual 40-mm. anti-aircraft guns, Captain Ripley was leading the relief column when it suddenly came under intense enemy automatic weapons and recoilless rifle fire. Disregarding his own safety and the heavy volume of hostile fire, he moved to the machine gun mounted on the vehicle and opened fire, pinpointing the location of the well concealed North Vietnamese and enabling the 40-mm. guns to deliver accurate fire on the enemy positions. Directing his unit to dismount, he quickly organized a defensive perimeter while coordinating supporting artillery fire and simultaneously controlling the remainder of his company which was widely separated from his position. Repeatedly exposing himself to the hostile fire, he directed artillery fire and air strikes upon the attacking enemy force and courageously adjusted fire missions to within fifty meters of his position. Throughout the following three hours, his skillful employment of supporting arms and direction of the fire of his men repulsed the determined enemy attacks and forced the hostile units to flee in panic and confusion. His aggressiveness and outstanding professionalism were an inspiration to all who served with him and were instrumental in the successful extraction of his unit from an extremely hazardous situation. By his steadfast courage, superb leadership and unfaltering devotion to duty at great personal risk, Captain Ripley upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the United States Naval Service.[16]

Death[edit]

Ripley died suddenly on October 28, 2008, at his home in Annapolis, Maryland of undetermined causes at age 69 and was buried at the United States Naval Academy graveyard.[17] He was survived by his son, Stephen, by his wife of 44 years, the former Moline Blaylock; a sister, Mary Susan Goodykoontz[18] who died in 2015; two other sons, Thomas and John; a daughter, Mary Ripley; nine grandchildren; and one great grandchild.[19] Moline Blaylock Ripley died on September 12, 2009, from complications due to Alzheimer's disease, at the age of 68.[20]

When he died, his son Thomas related at his funeral that Commandant James L. Jones visited him in his hospital bed accompanied by Color Sergeant of the Marine Corps Sgt Jewel and the Battle Colors. He told Ripley, "The Colors don't leave the room until you do."[21][22] He was buried with full military honors[23] on November 7 at the United States Naval Academy Cemetery.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blow the Bridge or Die! - John Ripley". Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  2. ^ "An American Knight: The Life of Colonel John W. Ripley, USMC". An American Knight: The Life of Colonel John W. Ripley, USMC. Retrieved Sep 26, 2019.
  3. ^ "Colonel John W. Ripley". Marine Corps University. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  4. ^ "Colonel John W. Ripley". Department of Naval Science. Oct 16, 2014. Retrieved Sep 26, 2019.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-29. Retrieved 2015-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Melson, Charles (1991). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: The War That Would Not End, 1971–1973. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. pp. 56–60. ISBN 978-1482384055.
  7. ^ "Colonel John W. Ripley". Archived from the original on 2020-09-13. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  8. ^ "2ND MARINE DIVISION AND ITS REGIMENTS" (PDF). www.usmcu.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-10-26. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Testimony of Col. John W. Ripley to the Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces". The American TFP. January 8, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  10. ^ "Statement of Col. John W. Ripley before the House Armed Services Committee". The American TFP. January 8, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  11. ^ Gamerman, Ellen." 'Semper Fidelis' Saves a Life" Archived 2005-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, Baltimore Sun, August 16, 2002.
  12. ^ The Furious Fight for Dong Ha, War Stories with Oliver North, Fox News [1]
  13. ^ Keith A. Milks (2004-05-10). "22d MEU (SOC)'s FOB in Afghanistan pays homage to Marine hero". Marine Corps News. Archived from the original on 2004-05-24. 'He's a hero to the Marine Corps,' said Colonel Kenneth F. McKenzie, Jr., commanding officer of the Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable), referring to Col. John W. Ripley, the new FOB's namesake. 'He's a true warrior and an honorable man.' McKenzie puts Col. Ripley with the small group of Marine leaders mentioned prominently in the Corps' proud history.
  14. ^ "Ripley Hall Dedication Ceremony / IMG_0627". US Naval Academy Alumni Association. 2006-07-13. Archived from the original on 2007-06-12. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
  15. ^ Mitchell, Bryan (June 16, 2008). "Ripley becomes first Marine in Ranger HoF". Marine Corps Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
  16. ^ a b "John Walter Ripley". Military Times.
  17. ^ Colonel John Ripley's Grave - Google Maps
  18. ^ Mary Susan Goodykoontz
  19. ^ Hevesi, Dennis, "Col. John W. Ripley, Marine Who Halted Vietnamese Attack, Dies At 69", New York Times, November 4, 2008, p. 33.
  20. ^ "Burial of an American Lady". Oct 2, 2009. Retrieved Sep 26, 2019.
  21. ^ Harrer, Cpl Jacob H. (November 7, 2008). "Col. John Ripley laid to rest at U.S. Naval Academy". United States Marine Corps. Annapolis, Maryland. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  22. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. (November 3, 2008). "Col. John W. Ripley, Marine Who Halted Vietnamese Attack, Dies at 69". The New York Times. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
  23. ^ Video on YouTube
  24. ^ Besides the 21-gun salute he was also honored with a fly over by 4 Harrier jets in a missing man formation. His older brother Mike Ripley died while testing flying the new Harriers in 1971."Funeral planned Friday for Ripley". Marine Corps Times. Associated Press. November 5, 2008. Archived from the original on November 12, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]