John Ritchie Findlay
|John Ritchie Findlay|
John Ritchie Findlay
|Born||21 October 1824
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
|Died||16 October 1898
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
|Education||Bathgate Academy, University of Edinburgh|
|Occupation||Journalist, Newspaper Proprietor|
He was born at Arbroath, Angus, son of Peter Findlay and was educated at Edinburgh University. In 1842, following the failure of his father's drapery business, he moved to Edinburgh and joined the publishing office of the newspaper The Scotsman, co-founded and later solely owned by his great-uncle John Ritchie, with whom he initially lived. After a period as a clerk, he moved to the editorial office.
He became a partner in the paper in 1868, and in 1870 inherited the greater part of the property from his great uncle.
The large increase in the influence and circulation of the paper was in a great measure due to his activity and direction, and it brought him a fortune, which he spent during his lifetime in public benefaction. He presented to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, opened in Edinburgh in 1889, and costing over 70,000 pounds sterling. In thanks for this, and in acknowledgement for his efforts in achieving the admission of women to the University of Edinburgh Medical School, the Queen Mary Standing Committee commissioned a statue of Mary Queen of Scots for the Eastern facade of the building. He contributed largely to the collections of the National Gallery of Scotland.
He held numerous offices in antiquarian, educational and charitable societies, including:
- The Society of Antiquaries (Secretary)
- Association for the Medical Education of Women (President)
- Edinburgh Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (Founder)
- United Industrial School
- Board of Manufactures (Trustee)
- Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh (Director)
In 1885 he commissioned Sydney Mitchell to build him a huge new house in Edinburgh's west end, at 3 Rothesay Terrace. This manages to blends well with its surroundings despite being much larger than its neighbours and in a more flamboyant style.
Findlay also undertook a number of practical philanthropic projects under his own direct supervision, the most significant of which were concerned with the provision of 'ideal' workers' housing. In 1889 he built the "Well Court" development in Edinburgh's Dean Village (again designed by Sydney Mitchell), followed by the further developments of Hawthorn Buildings and Dean Path Buildings in the same area in 1895 (designed by James Bow Dunn and Findlay's son James Leslie Findlay).
He was buried with his great uncle in "Lords Row" in Dean Cemetery.Other memorials erected to his memory include such as that in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery (memorial by Rowand Anderson incorporating a portrait by Sir George Reid and a stained glass portrait medallion in the east staircase again designed by Rowand Anderson and executed by W Graham Boss), a series of memorial windows in St Giles High Kirk in Edinburgh, and a memorial window in Aberlour Parish Church.
His elder son Sir John Ritchie Findlay, and grandson Sir Edmund Findlay followed him as proprietors of The Scotsman. His younger son, James Leslie Findlay became an architect, among whose projects were distinctive new offices and printing works for The Scotsman on North Bridge, Edinburgh. His daughter, Dora Louise Findlay, married Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Backhouse in 1907.
In 1863, he married Susan Leslie, and left ten children. 
His son, James Leslie Findlay, was a partner in the successful architectural practice of Dunn & Findlay with their most notable commission (not unsurprisingly) being the huge new offices for the Scotsman newspaper on North Bridge (1899-1902) now very much part of the Edinburgh skyline.
- Personal Recollections of Thomas De Quincey Edinburgh, Adam and Charles Black, 1886
- A History of Hatton House Edinburgh, 1875
- Notes on Hatton House, Mid-Lothian, Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.11, 1876
- De Quincey, Thomas, Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed.), 1911.
- Prothero 1901.
- "History through Portraits : Introduction to the Scottish National Portrait Gallery". alastairlearmont.wordpress.com.
- City of Edinburgh Council: Listed Building Records
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1886-7
- Lord Rosebery (1921). Miscellanies Literary & Historical Volume 2. London: Hodder and Stoughton Limited. p. 209.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Findlay, John Ritchie". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 354.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Prothero, George Walter (1901). "Findlay, John Ritchie". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Smailes, Helen (1985) A Portrait Gallery For Scotland Trustees of the National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
- The Centenary of The Scotsman 1817-1917 J Ritchie & Co, Edinburgh, 1917
- Presidential Address delivered to the Edinburgh Philosophical Institution, 25 November 1898