John Rothenstein

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Sir John Knewstub Maurice Rothenstein CBE (11 July 1901 – 27 February 1992) was a British arts administrator and art historian.

Biography[edit]

John Rothenstein was born in London in 1901, the son of Sir William Rothenstein. The family was connected to the Bloomsbury Set. John Rothenstein studied at Worcester College, Oxford, and became friends with T. E. Lawrence. He shared rooms with novelist William Gerhardie.[1]

From 1938–64, Rothenstein was director of the Tate Gallery in London.[2] Rothenstein's directorship — the longest to date — was one of the most successful. The Tate's annual purchase fund could not compete with those of US institutions, so few works of modern foreign art were added to the collection. However, he wrote, "Picasso is a Proteus, the prodigiously gifted master of all styles and media".[3]

According to Richard Cork, one of Rothenstein's errors was failing to purchase Henri Matisse's The Red Studio when it was offered to the Tate Gallery for a few hundred pounds in 1941.[4]

Art historian Douglas Cooper began an open campaign to have Rothenstein dismissed by the trustees; which led to an incident in which Rothenstein punched Cooper in the face.[4][5][6]

Rothenstein documented the lives of all the major (and many still overlooked) British artists in his Modern English Painters, which has earned him the title of 'The Vasari of British Art' (like Vasari's pioneering Lives, it was revised and reprinted within the author's lifetime).[7]

The Tate began hosting temporary exhibitions during this period, organised by the Arts Council of Great Britain, including the major 1960 retrospective of Picasso. Rothenstein acquired such contemporary works as R.B. Kitaj's Isaac Babel Riding with Budyonny from the artist's first major show at Marlborough Fine Art in 1963.[8]

An annual lecture named in his honour now takes place at Tate Britain.[9]

Honours[edit]

Rothenstein was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1948 King's Birthday Honours,[10] and knighted in the 1952 New Year Honours.[11][12]

Works[edit]

  • Modern English Painters (3 vols., 1952–74)
  • Autobiography (1965, 1966)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dido Davies, "William Gerhardie: A Biography"
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34519. p. 3725. 10 June 1938. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  3. ^ Rothenstein, John, The Moderns and their World (introduction), Phoenix House, London 1957, p. 16.
  4. ^ a b John Richardson, The Sorcerer's Apprentice: Picasso, Provence, and Douglas Cooper. University of Chicago Press, 1999; ISBN 978-0-226-71245-1, pp. 158-64.
  5. ^ Sir John Rothenstein profile, tate.org.uk; accessed 30 July 2014.
  6. ^ John Rothenstein profile, Dictionary of Art Historians; retrieved 21 August 2010.
  7. ^ Edward Chaney,"The Vasari of British Art: Sir John Rothenstein... and the Importance of Wyndham Lewis", Apollo, vol. 132, no. 345 (November 1990), pp. 322-26.
  8. ^ Edward Chaney, "Warburgian Artist: R.B. Kitaj, Edgar Wind, Ernst Gombrich, and the Warburg Institute", Obsessions: R.B. Kitaj 1932-2007, eds. C. Kugelmann, E. Gillen and H. Gasner (Jewish Museum Berlin, 2012), p. 98
  9. ^ Rothenstein profile, tate.org.uk; accessed 28 July 2014.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38311. pp. 3373–3374. 4 June 1948. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39421. p. 2. 28 December 1951. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39480. p. 1192. 29 February 1952. Retrieved 8 October 2008.

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
J.B. Manson
Director of the Tate Gallery
1938–1964
Succeeded by
Norman Reid
Academic offices
Preceded by
C. P. Snow
Rector of the University of St Andrews
1964–1967
Succeeded by
Learie Nicholas Constantine, Baron Constantine, Kt.