John Russell (Royalist)

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John Russell (died 1687) was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1641 to 1644. He fought in the Royalist army in the English Civil War.

Russell was the third son of Francis Russell, fourth Earl of Bedford, known as the "wise earl", and his wife Catherine Brydges, daughter of Giles Brydges, 3rd Baron Chandos. He was a wealthy man with estates at Shingay, Cambridgeshire.

In 1641, Russell was elected Member of Parliament for Tavistock in the Long Parliament after his brother William Lord Russell inherited the peerage.[1] Russell served in the King's army and was a member of the Sealed Knot. The family had divided loyalties in the Civil War. His father had been a champion of the parliamentary cause and his brother changed sides twice. He had many aristocratic equally vacillating connections among his brothers-in-law: the Parliamentarians, Lord Brooke and Lord Grey of Wark, the turncoat Earl of Carlisle and the Royalists Lord Bristol and Lord Newport of High Ercall. Russell commanded Prince Rupert's blue coated regiment of foot, and was disabled from sitting in parliament in 1644. He was prominent at the storming of Leicester in May 1645, was wounded at Naseby and was in the Oxford garrison before its surrender.

After the Restoration Russell was commissioned colonel and captain of John Russell's Regiment of Guards which became incorporated into the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, or later the Grenadier Guards. He commanded the regiment until 1681.[2] He enjoyed dress, dance, and music although his taste belonged to the fashion of an earlier generation.[3]


  1. ^ Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. onepage&q&f&#61, false 229–239.
  2. ^ Dalton, Charles, ed. (1892). English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661–1714. I 1661–1685. London: Eyre & Spottiswode. p. 8.
  3. ^ Tavistock Town Hall
  • Royalist Conspiracy in England 1649-1660, David Underdown, Yale University Press, 1960, pages 80 & 81.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Pym
Lord Russell
Member of Parliament for Tavistock
With: John Pym 1641–1643
Succeeded by
Elisha Crimes
Edmund Fowell
Military offices
New regiment Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards
Succeeded by
The Duke of Grafton