John Rutherfurd

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John Rutherfurd
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
March 4, 1791 – December 5, 1798
Preceded by Jonathan Elmer
Succeeded by Franklin Davenport
Member of the New Jersey General Assembly
In office
Personal details
Born (1760-09-20)September 20, 1760
New York City, New York
Died February 23, 1840(1840-02-23) (aged 79)
New Jersey
Political party Federalist

John Rutherfurd (September 20, 1760 – February 23, 1840) was an American politician and land surveyor. He represented New Jersey in the United States Senate from 1791 to 1798.

Early life[edit]

John Rutherfurd was born in New York City. His parents were Walter and Mary (Alexander) Rutherfurd. Walter was a veteran of the British Army, and was a hostage of Patriots during the Revolutionary War while John was a teenager. Walter died in 1804. Mary was a sister of William Alexander Lord Stirling. He was also related to Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Baronet; William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland; Newfoundland Governor John Elliott; General/Ohio territorial Governor Arthur St. Clair

Education and politics[edit]

Rutherfurd attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) and studied law. He practiced law in New York City for several years, and then moved to a farm near the village of Tranquility in Sussex County (after a boundary for a new county was drawn in 1824 his former holdings straddled Sussex and Warren Counties) in New Jersey in 1787. He entered politics, serving in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1788 to 1790. He was then elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate from New Jersey and served in the Senate from 1791 to 1798. He was reelected in 1796 but resigned in December 1798, for reasons that are unclear.[citation needed]

Retirement from politics[edit]

Rutherfurd then retired from politics, but he was to undertake several important projects during the rest of his life. He laid out the plans for the Manhattan street grid north of 14th Street from 1807 to 1811. Around 1816 he investigated the building of a possible canal connecting the Delaware, Raritan and Hudson rivers. Finally, from 1827 to 1833, he helped settle New Jersey's boundaries with New York and Pennsylvania.

In 1808, Rutherfurd moved with his family to a farm on the banks of the Passaic River near what is now Rutherford, New Jersey. He lived at this place for the rest of his life, naming it "Edgerston", and died there. Rutherfurd had a large family. He was married to Helena Morris Rutherfurd from 1782 until his death in 1840, and Helena died shortly after him. They had eight children. (Helena was the daughter of Congressman Lewis Morris).

One of John Rutherfurd's sons, Robert Walter Rutherfurd, was a member of the New Jersey State Legislature. One of Robert's sons, and John's grandson, was the astronomer Lewis Morris Rutherfurd.

The town of Rutherford, New Jersey was named at least in part after John Rutherfurd, who had owned much of the land during his life. However, the spelling was changed due to the fame of President Rutherford B. Hayes who was President of the United States during the 1870s when the town was created.

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Jonathan Elmer
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
Served alongside: Philemon Dickinson, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Richard Stockton
Succeeded by
Franklin Davenport
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Paine Wingate
Most Senior Living U.S. Senator
(Sitting or Former)

March 7, 1838 – February 23, 1840
Succeeded by
Albert Gallatin