John S. Bull
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|John S. Bull|
September 25, 1934|
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||August 11, 2008
South Lake Tahoe, California, U.S.
|John Sumter Bull|
|Naval aviator, fighter pilot, test pilot|
|Rice University, B.S. 1957
Stanford University, M.S. 1971, Ph.D. 1973
|Rank||Lieutenant Commander, USN|
|Selection||1966 NASA Group 5|
|Retirement||July 16, 1968|
John Sumter Bull, Ph.D. (September 25, 1934 – August 11, 2008), (Lt Cmdr, USN), was an American naval officer and aviator, fighter pilot, test pilot, mechanical and aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut.
Early life and education
Bull was born on September 25, 1934, in Memphis, Tennessee, where he attended primary and secondary schools and graduated in 1952 from Central High School. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Rice University in 1957, and a Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University in Aeronautical Engineering in 1971 and 1973, respectively.
In his youth, he was active in the Boy Scouts of America.
Bull joined the U.S. Navy in June 1957. Following his flight training, from March 1959 to November 1960, he flew F-3 Demons and F-4 Phantom II while assigned to VF-114 at the Naval Air Station in Mirimar, California. Bull was a Navy fighter pilot with the VF-114 squadron aboard the aircraft carriers USS Ranger, USS Hancock, and USS Kitty Hawk.
Bull graduated from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in February 1964, as an outstanding graduate. He was a project test pilot in the Carrier Suitability Branch at the Naval Air Test Center at Patuxent River, Maryland, at the time of his astronaut selection.
He has logged more than 2,100 hours flying time; 1,800 hours in jet aircraft.
Bull was selected in 1966 as a member of NASA Astronaut Group 5. Together with Ken Mattingly and Gerald Carr, Bull was named on November 20, 1967 to the support crew for the second Apollo manned flight of the Saturn V, to assist prime and backup crew members — including Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin — as they trained. Bull was also chosen as Lunar Module Pilot, with James Irwin as Commander, for LTA-8, an environmental qualification test of the Apollo Lunar Module in a vacuum chamber at the Houston Space Environment Simulation Laboratory. Just before the May-June 1968 test, Bull was found to have a severe sinus problem, and was replaced with his backup, a Grumman consulting pilot. Bull was subsequently diagnosed as suffering from pulmonary disease, and resigned from the astronaut corps in July 1968.
After receiving his Ph.D., Bull returned to NASA and worked at the Ames Research Center from 1973 to 1985, where he conducted simulation and flight test research in advanced flight systems for both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. From 1986 until his retirement in 1989, he managed NASA-wide research programs in autonomous systems technology for space applications. He maintained an office at NASA Ames until at least 1997.
Bull was married to the former Nancy Laraine Gustafson of Seattle, Washington, with two grown married children, a son and a daughter: Scott A. (born December 30, 1968) and Whitney A. (born August 1, 1971), and four wonderful grandchildren. He enjoyed swimming, golf and flying.
Illness and death
Bull was a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, Sigma Tau Engineering Fraternity, Tau Beta Pi Engineering Fraternity, Sigma Xi, American Helicopter Society, and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
- Weight: 150 lb (68 kg)
- Height: 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
- Hair: Brown
- Eyes: Blue
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