John S. Toll
John S. Toll
|25th President of the Washington College|
|Preceded by||Charles H. Trout|
|Succeeded by||Baird Tipson|
|1st Chancellor of the University System of Maryland|
|Succeeded by||Donald N. Langenberg|
|2nd and last President of the University of Maryland System|
|Preceded by||Wilson Homer Elkins|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|2nd President of Stony Brook University|
|Preceded by||John Francis Lee|
|Succeeded by||John Marburger|
|Born||October 23, 1923|
|Died||July 15, 2011 (aged 87)|
|Institutions||University of Maryland|
|Thesis||The dispersion relation for light and its application to problems involving electron pairs (1952)|
|Doctoral advisor||John Archibald Wheeler|
He then moved to the University of Maryland, where he became chair of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in 1953. During his tenure as chair, he was responsible for a major increase in size and quality of the department. The physics building at the University of Maryland is named for him.
In 1965 he left to become the second president of the State University of New York at Stony Brook, a position he held until 1978. While he was there, Stony Brook University, one of four SUNY centers created by then-governor Nelson Rockefeller (briefly Vice President of the United States under Gerald Ford), and, until recently, the only four allowed to call themselves "universities", grew to more than 17,000 students from a handful who started their academic careers before the campus was even finished, at the now-defunct State University of New York on Long Island (SUCOLI).
He then returned to the University of Maryland to become president of the original five campuses of the University of Maryland. Comparable to a chancellor position in other state university systems, at the time Toll oversaw UMCP, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, University of Maryland University College, University of Maryland, Eastern Shore, and University of Maryland at Baltimore. When Governor William Donald Schaefer decided to merge most of the state's public universities into a single system, Toll was put in charge of the merger. He then became the first chancellor of the new University System of Maryland.
In 1995, at age 71, he became president of Washington College, a small, private liberal arts school in Chestertown, Maryland. There, he was credited with fixing the school's budget crisis and raising its national profile.
As a physicist, Toll was known for his work in dispersion theory and elementary particle physics. Between university jobs in the early 1990s, he was president of the Universities Research Association which oversaw the U.S. Superconducting Supercollider project until Congress defunded it. In January 2004, he announced that he would leave Washington College and return to physics research at the University of Maryland.
- "In Memoriam: John Sampson Toll". Washington College News. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
- Toll, John Sampson (1952). The dispersion relation for light and its application to problems involving electron pairs (Ph.D.). Princeton University. OCLC 932447591 – via ProQuest. (Subscription required (help)).
- Hilts, Philip J. (July 1, 1993). "Energy Chief Says Accounting Problems Snag Supercollider Project". New York Times.
- Daniel de Vise (July 15, 2011). "John Toll, educator who raised standards at University of Maryland, dies at 87". The Washington Post.
- Bowie, Liz (July 15, 2011). "University of Maryland's founding chancellor John Toll dies". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
- Paul Vitello (July 18, 2011). "John S. Toll Dies at 87; Led Stony Brook University". New York Times.
John Francis Lee
| President of Stony Brook University
1965 – 1978
Wilson Homer Elkins
| President of the University of Maryland System
1978 – 1988
|New office|| Chancellor of the University System of Maryland
1988 – 1989
Donald N. Langenberg
Charles H. Trout
| President of the Washington College
1995 – 2004