John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Rivers
Member of Parliament
for Cheshire
In office
1624–1625
Personal details
Born c. 1603
Died 10 October 1654 (aged 50–51)
Frodsham Castle, Frodsham, Cheshire
Resting place Macclesfield, Cheshire
Spouse(s) Lady Catherine Parker
Mary Ogle
Children with Catherine:
Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers
Lady Jane Savage
Elizabeth, Baroness Petre
Catherine, Lady Sedley
Lady Mary Killigrew
with Mary:
Hon. Peter Savage
Parents Thomas Savage, 1st Viscount Savage
Elizabeth Savage, Countess Rivers

John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers (c. 1603 – 10 October 1654) was a wealthy English politician and Royalist from Cheshire.

Family[edit]

Savage was the first son of Thomas Savage, 1st Viscount Savage and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Darcy, 1st Earl Rivers. He succeeded to the Savage viscountcy in 1635 on the death of his father, and succeeded to the Rivers earldom on the death of his grandfather in 1640, by a remainder to his father and his heirs.[1]

By 1626, he had married Catherine, daughter of William Parker, 13th Baron Morley by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Tresham, and they had eight children, including: Thomas, who succeeded as 3rd Earl Rivers; Jane, who married firstly George Brydges, 6th Baron Chandos, secondly Sir William Sidley, 4th Baronet, and thirdly George Pitt;, Elizabeth, who married William Petre, 4th Baron Petre; Catherine, who married Sir Charles Sedley, 5th Baronet, and Mary, who married Henry Killigrew, groom of the bedchamber to James II, son of Thomas Killigrew. By 1647, he had married Mary, daughter of Thomas Ogle, and they had one child, Peter.[1]

Life[edit]

He was from a Catholic family and he and his family owned land in Ireland and England. Oxford educated, he followed into politics and became Member of Parliament for Cheshire. The Savage family were lords of the manor of Frodsham. His coat of arms, argent, six Lions rampant, sable, 3.2. and 1. Savage. The family crest was a bear paw.

Earl Rivers, the Steward of Halton, lived at Halton Castle, near Runcorn. Other properties included manor house of Rocksavage at Clifton near Runcorn, which was passed down through his family. Rocksavage was similar in appearance to Brereton Hall, which was built about the same time.

In 1639/40 Earl Rivers was appointed on to a committee investigating complaints against Charles I. During 1641 his allegiance swung back to Charles, and in 1642 he was given the Kings' commission of Array to raise a Regiment of Foot in Cheshire. Savage raised most of his troops in Cheshire and some in Kent. It was a large and well-equipped force, well trained and with experienced officers who had seen service in Europe and Ireland. The Earl Rivers Regiment of Foote was there on the day the King raised his standard in Nottingham, and they served in major battles thereafter.

When Rivers returned to Cheshire he appointed Halton Castle to the command of Captain Walter Primrose, and fortified it. The castle fell to two parliamentary sieges, the first led by Sir William Brereton in 1643. The Parliamentarians held the castle for a while but then, hearing of the approach of superior Royalist forces led by Prince Rupert, they abandoned it. The Royalists declined in turn withdrew from Halton and the Parliamentarians occupied the castle once again. With Halton Castle under Parliamentary control, and with Rocksavage now in ruins, Earl Rivers retired to Frodsham Castle, and took no other part in the Civil War. There he died on 10 October 1654. A few hours after his death, with his body lying within, the castle was set on fire and burned down. It was completely destroyed. The body was rescued, later to be buried privately two days later in Macclesfield.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rivers, Earl (E, 1626 - 1737)". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Edward Whitby
John Ratcliffe
Member of Parliament for Chester
1624–1626
With: Edward Whitby
Succeeded by
Edward Whitby
William Gamull
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Darcy
Earl Rivers
1640–1654
Succeeded by
Thomas Savage
Preceded by
Thomas Savage
Viscount Savage
1635–1654