John Scandrett Harford
John Scandrett Harford
|Died||16 April 1866 (aged 80)|
Blaise Castle, Bristol
John Scandrett Harford, FRS (8 October 1785 – 16 April 1866) was a British banker, benefactor and abolitionist.
Early life and background
Harford was the son of John Scandrett Harford, a prominent banker in Bristol. By the end of the 18th century the elder John Scandrett Harford was a wealthy landowner, and a staunch Quaker. He married Mary Gray, daughter of Abraham Gray of Tottenham.
John Scandrett Harford the younger had a Quaker upbringing, but in 1809 was baptised in the Church of England, at Chelwood. He had schooling under Charles Lloyd at Peterley House, Great Missenden. He was admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge in 1820, and was there for a number of terms. He was an abolitionist and friend of William Wilberforce.
The Harford properties included the Blaise Castle Estate at Henbury. This had belonged to Thomas Farr, who went bankrupt in 1778 following outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. The estate then changed hands a number of times before John Harford the elder purchased the land and buildings. John Harford the Elder had a plain but substantial house built and asked the landscape architect Humphry Repton to lay out the grounds. Repton became a partner of John Nash, whom Harford commissioned to design a group of cottages, Blaise Hamlet, as homes for his retired servants.
In 1819, Harford also acquired the Peterwell estate at Lampeter, making the purchase jointly with his younger brothers. It was previously owned by his father-in-law, Richard Hart Davis, who had built c.1812 a house within its bounds. The estate descended to his nephew John Battersby Harford, who remodelled the house in the Italianate style in 1859 as Falcondale.
John Harford the Elder was a patron of Hannah More's schools in Somerset in the 1790s. Maria Edgeworth claimed that the main character in More's popular novel Coelebs in Search of a Wife was modeled on the younger Harford.
In spring 1820, Harford met Thomas Burgess, the bishop of St Davids, at the home of Henry Ryder, the bishop of Gloucester. Burgess mentioned his 'projected college for clerical education in South Wales,' although at this time 'he did not appear to be sanguine in the hope of speedily realising the plan.' Harford knew that a college at Lampeter 'would tend to civilise and improve the vicinity.' In the autumn of 1820, Harford offered to donate to Burgess the site of Lampeter Castle, 'Castle Field' or 'Cae Castell' in Welsh, which, as Lords of the Manor of Lampeter, he and his brothers now owned. As such, it is on land donated by Harford that the Lampeter campus of the University of Wales Trinity Saint David (formerly St David's College) now stands. A bust of Harford is in the collection of the University. Two halls of residence at the university, Harford I and Harford II, are also named after him.
He was also a moderately successful artist, and his oil paintings can often be found at auctions in the UK. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1823, and was the founding President of what is now the Royal West of England Academy (then the Bristol Academy of Fine Arts) from its inception in 1844 until 1859. In later life he went blind, and he died at Blaise Castle in 1866.
Correspondence, journals and personal papers of John Scandrett Harford and the Harford family are held by Bristol Archives (Ref. 28048) (online catalogue). Additional correspondence including letters sent by William Wilberforce to Harford is held by Duke University: William R Perkin Library. There also records of the Peterwell and Falcondale estates of the Harford family at the National Library of Wales.
- Some account of the life of Thomas Paine, Bristol, 1819
- Aeschylus : Agamemnon....Translated from Greek by J. S. Harford, London : Murray, 1831
- Life of Thomas Burgess, London: Eyre & Spottiswood, 1840. 2nd ed. London : Eyre, 1841
- Life of Michaelangelo Buonarroti, Longman & Roberts, 1857; Spottiswoode & Co., 1858
- Reminiscences of W. Wilberforce during nearly thirty years, 1864
- "Harford, John Scandrett (HRFT820JS)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Brayne, Charles. "Harford, John Scandrett (1787–1866)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12311. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Eastlake, Elizabeth (2009). The Letters of Elizabeth Rigby, Lady Eastlake. Liverpool University Press. p. 176 note 1. ISBN 978-1-84631-194-9.
- Stott, Anne (15 March 2012). Wilberforce: Family and Friends. OUP Oxford. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-19-969939-1.
- M J Crossley Evans, Hannah More, University of Bristol (Bristol branch of the Historical Association), 1999
- The history of Blaise Hamlet, National Trust, retrieved 23 August 2016
- "Blaise Hamlet, Diamond Cottage, Bristol", BLB: British Listed Buildings, retrieved 23 August 2016
- Walsh, William Shepard (2015). Heroes and Heroines of Fiction. Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-1330331149. OCLC 989864825.
- Price, D. T. W. (1977–1990). A history of Saint David's University College Lampeter. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0606-3. OCLC 3742391.
- "Cardigan Boroughs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Royal Society Members".[permanent dead link]
- "National Archives Discovery Catalogue page, Duke University William R Perkins Library". Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "National Library of Wales, Peterwell and Falcondale Estate records". Retrieved 22 February 2016.