John of Scythopolis

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John Scythopolita (ca. 536–550), also known as "the Scholasticus", bishop of Scythopolis in Palestine, where Beit She'an is today, was a Byzantine theologian and lawyer adhering to neo-Chalcedonian theology.[1]

He's famous for several works (lost) against Monophysite heresy: his major one's a treatise written ca. 530, defending the theory of "dioenergism",[2] against his contemporary Severus of Antioch. Another work attacked the heretic Eutyches, one of the founders of Monophysitism.

We have some data about him by Photius, learned bishop of Byzantium.[3]

Hans Urs von Balthasar suggested than John was the author of much of Maximus the Confessor's scholia.[4][5]


  1. ^ A doctrine following the Christological path of the general council of Chalcedon (451), about the dual (human & divine) nature of Christ, integrated with the orthodox tenets of Cyril of Alexandria on the predominance of the divinity in Christ’s unity.
  2. ^ Teaching Christ’s dual source of vital activity: both human and divine.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Daley The Cambridge companion to Hans Urs von Balthasar - Page 206 Edward T. Oakes, David Moss - 2004
  5. ^ Critica et philologica, Nachleben, first two centuries, Tertullian ... - Page 120 Maurice F. Wiles, International Conference on Patristics - 2001 Corderius' edition also attributes the entirety of the scholia to a single author — Maximus the Confessor — but this attribution has long been questioned. In 1940, Hans Urs von Balthasar attempted to resolve the question of authorship.