Schwartz was born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania to Philip Schwartz and Maria Magdalena Schlosser, and was apprenticed to a merchant in Reading, Pennsylvania. He became a partner at the expiration of his apprenticeship. Schwartz served in the War of 1812 as a major, and was engaged in the manufacture of iron products. His father, Philip, served in the Revolutionary War and was in Valley Forge
Schwartz was elected as an Anti-Lecompton Democrat to the Thirty-sixth Congress and served until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1860. He was interred in Charles Evans Cemetery in Reading, Pennsylvania. Cenotaph at Congressional Cemetery.
He married Elizabeth Wood, daughter of Michael Wood.
- United States Congress. "John Schwartz (id: S000158)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The Political Graveyard
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William H. Keim
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from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district
1859 - 1860
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