John Scott Medal

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John Scott Award
JohnScottMedal.jpg
Country USA
Presented by The Franklin Institute and the City Council of Philadelphia
First awarded 1816

John Scott Award, created in 1816 as the John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, is presented to men and women whose inventions improved the "comfort, welfare, and happiness of human kind" in a significant way.[1] Since 1919 the Board of Directors of City Trusts of Philadelphia[2] provide this award, recommended by an advisory committee.[3][4]

In 1822 the first awards were given to thirteen people by the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture[5] entrusted by the "Corporation of the city of Philadelphia".[6]

The druggist John Scott of Edinburgh organized a $4,000 fund which, after his death in 1815 was administered by a merchant until the first award, a copper medal and "an amount not to exceed twenty dollars", was given in 1822. (At the time, $20 could buy one ox or a 12-volume encyclopedia.) Several hundred recipients have since been selected by the City Council of Philadelphia, which decides from the annual list of nominees made by the Franklin Institute.

Most awards have been given for inventions in science and medicine. Famous recipients include Thomas Edison, Nikola Tesla, Marie Curie, the Wright brothers, Guglielmo Marconi, Irving Langmuir, Alexander Fleming, William T. Bovie, Frederick G. Banting, Edgar Sharp McFadden, John Bardeen, Edwin Land, Luis W. Alvarez, Glenn Seaborg, Jonas Salk, Robert Burns Woodward, Humberto Fernandez Moran, James Black, Benoît Mandelbrot, Ralph L. Brinster, Richard E. Smalley, and Kary B. Mullis.

Recent winners[edit]

Year Winner Area of Innovation
2017 Ruzena Bajcsy robotics and engineering science
Warren Ewens population genetics research
Masatoshi Nei evolutionary theory
2016 Emmanuelle Charpentier CRISPR-Cas genome editing
Jennifer Doudna
Feng Zhang
Carl H. June cancer immunology
2015 Madeleine M. Joullié synthetic chemistry
John P. Perdew density functional theory
2014 Susan Band Horwitz cancer therapeutics
Leonard Hayflick discovery of cellular senescence
and innovations in microscopy
Paul S. Moorhead
2013[7] P. Leslie Dutton redox reactions in biochemistry
N. Scott Adzick fetal surgery
Robert L. Brent environmental causes of birth defects
2012 Paul J. Steinhardt quasicrystals
John Q. Trojanowski neurodegenerative diseases
Virginia Man-Yee Lee
2011 David E. Kuhl PET scans
Jenny Pickworth Glusker crystallography
2010 Christian J. Lambertsen underwater diving equipment
William A. Eaton protein aggregation and folding

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sundry Trusts". Board of Directors of City Trusts of Philadelphia. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2011. "...the John Scott Medal Fund, established in 1816...".
  2. ^ "Board of Directors of City Trusts". Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  3. ^ Garfield, E. "The John Scott Award". John Scott Award Advisory Committee. Retrieved March 21, 2011. Eugene Garfield is member of the Advisory Committee.
  4. ^ "John Scott Medal Fund". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 55 (1422): 344. March 31, 1922. doi:10.1126/science.55.1422.344-a. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture". Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Benjamin Silliman (1830). "Miscellanies - Premiums for useful inventions". American Journal of Science and Arts. Hezekiah Howe. 18 (July): 382. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  7. ^ Vitez, Michael (21 November 2013). "3 Phila. medical men to be honored". Philadelphia Inquirer.

External links[edit]