John Scott Medal
|John Scott Medal|
|Presented by||The Franklin Institute and the City Council of Philadelphia|
The John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, created in 1816, is a medal presented to men and women whose inventions improved the "comfort, welfare, and happiness of human kind" in a significant way. Since 1919 the Board of Directors of City Trusts of Philadelphia provide this award, recommended by an advisory committee.
The druggist John Scott of Edinburgh organized a $4,000 fund which, after his death in 1815 was administered by a merchant until the first award, a copper medal and "an amount not to exceed twenty dollars", was given in 1822. (At the time, $20 could buy one ox or a 12-volume encyclopedia.) Several hundred recipients have since been selected by the City Council of Philadelphia, which decides from the annual list of nominees made by the Franklin Institute.
Most awards have been given for inventions in science and medicine. Famous recipients include Madame Curie, Thomas Edison, the Wright brothers, Nikola Tesla, Edwin Land, Jonas Salk, Irving Langmuir, Benoît Mandelbrot, Robert Burns Woodward, Glenn Seaborg, Edgar Sharp McFadden, Frederick G. Banting, Humberto Fernandez Moran, Luis W. Alvarez, Guglielmo Marconi, William T. Bovie, John Bardeen, Kary B. Mullis, Alexander Fleming, Lyle Goodhue, Ralph L. Brinster, and Professor Richard E. Smalley.
In 2010, the award went to Christian J. Lambertsen.
- "Sundry Trusts". Board of Directors of City Trusts of Philadelphia. Retrieved March 20, 2011. "...the John Scott Medal Fund, established in 1816...".
- "Board of Directors of City Trusts". Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- Garfield, E. "The John Scott Award". John Scott Award Advisory Committee. Retrieved March 21, 2011. Eugene Garfield is member of the Advisory Committee.
- "John Scott Medal Fund". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 55 (1422): 344. March 31, 1922. doi:10.1126/science.55.1422.344-a. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- "Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture". Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Benjamin Silliman (1830). "Miscellanies - Premiums for useful inventions". American Journal of Science and Arts. Hezekiah Howe. 18 (July): 382. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Vitez, Michael (21 November 2013). "3 Phila. medical men to be honored". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- The award webpage
- The Franklin Institute: The John Scott Legacy Medal
- "The John Scott Award Recipients". Eugene Garfield at University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved June 24, 2016. Medals awarded by The Franklin Institute between 1822 and 2015.