John Scott Trotter
|John Scott Trotter|
June 14, 1908|
Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S.
October 29, 1975 (aged 67)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Genres||Classical music, big band|
|Occupation(s)||Arranger, composer, orchestra leader|
|Associated acts||Hal Kemp, Bing Crosby, Jimmy Dorsey, Spike Jones, George Gobel|
Trotter was best known for conducting the John Scott Trotter Orchestra which backed singer and entertainer Bing Crosby on record and on his radio programs from 1937 to 1954, as well as his work with Vince Guaraldi scoring some of the early Peanuts cartoons.
Trotter was born John Scott Trotter, Jr. on June 14, 1908 in Charlotte, North Carolina. He was born to parents John Scott Trotter (June 26, 1881–August 8, 1949) and Lelia Trotter (née Bias) (May 10, 1885–July 7, 1965).
Trotter attended local schools in Charlotte. He also studied piano under Ida Moore Alexander. In 1925, Trotter entered the University of North Carolina. It was there that Trotter began his career as a professional musician playing the piano for a college band led by Hal Kemp. Kemp had entered the university in 1922 and was graduated in 1926, but Trotter withdrew near the end of his first year to join Kemp's band as pianist and arranger, a position he held until 1936.
After leaving Kemp's band, Trotter did some work in Hollywood where he handled the orchestrations for Columbia Pictures Pennies from Heaven which was his first work with Bing Crosby. This would start a 17-year professional association with Crosby, although Trotter and Crosby had first met in 1929 in New York City at the Manger Hotel while Crosby was working with Paul Whiteman's orchestra.
Trotter recalled the background to his involvement with Pennies from Heaven in an interview with Canadian broadcaster Gord Atkinson. He had been asked by Johnny Burke if he wanted to do the orchestrations for the film. This was one of the first independent film productions. Crosby was then under contract to Paramount but Pennies from Heaven was done at Columbia as an independent and nobody was set to do the music. Trotter told Burke that he hadn't come out to work and that seemed to be that. A week later, Burke asked, 'Would you help Arthur Johnston with the piano parts?' After much persuasion, Trotter helped Johnston with the piano parts and fell in love with the score which included Pennies from Heaven, So Do I, and One, Two, Button Your Shoe, and also the Skeleton in the Closet. He then decided to complete the orchestrations as the offer was still open. Trotter recalled that the day Pennies from Heaven was recorded, the cameras were rolling with the orchestra on stage; it was not prerecorded as would be usual today. John Scott Trotter considered that Crosby was a past master of lip syncing but it wasn't done in those days. After completing Pennies from Heaven Trotter went back east." .
In July 1937, Trotter replaced Jimmy Dorsey as the musical director for Crosby on NBC's radio program Kraft Music Hall. That same year, Trotter began arranging and conducting songs for Crosby's records for Decca. Their first recording together, It's the Natural Thing to Do, reached the No. 2 spot in the charts of the day and they had many hits over the ensuing years. Trotter would remain Crosby's musical director until 1954.
The involvement with the Kraft Music Hall came about when Larry Crosby, Bing's brother and public relations director, sent Trotter a wire asking if he could be in Hollywood on June 28, 1937 to take over the orchestra of the Kraft Music Hall on July 8. Although Trotter had rehearsed and directed orchestras, he had never had an orchestra of his own, with his own name. The first time he appeared under his own name 'John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra' was on the Kraft Music Hall with Bing Crosby. The Kraft Music Hall went fifty weeks a year and Trotter did one hundred and forty consecutive Thursdays without missing one; some sort of record.
Bing Crosby talked very warmly about Trotter in his 1953 autobiography Call Me Lucky and commented about Trotter's remarkable self-control.
Trotter moved on to television, becoming musical director for The George Gobel Show from 1954-60. He served as musical director of several of Crosby's television specials as well as his 1964-65 ABC situation comedy, The Bing Crosby Show. Later he directed the music for the Charlie Brown cartoon specials. In 1970, Trotter was nominated for an Oscar award and a Grammy award for his musical score for the movie A Boy Named Charlie Brown.
Trotter died of cancer on October 29, 1975, at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California. He was buried in Sharon Memorial Park in Charlotte. Surviving him were a sister, Margaret Kinghorn, and two brothers, William and Robert Trotter.
Legacy and criticism
Trotter, a monolith of a man, stood astride pop and 'long hair' music, as it was then called, like a colossus, and occasionally flew from Hollywood to New Orleans for the weekend (something not done often in the thirties) just to cater to his gourmet tastes with a decent plate of oysters Rockefeller. During the war, when home economist M.F.K. Fisher was a guest on the show to plug her wartime conservation cookbook, How to Cook a Wolf, she told Bing that her book explained how to use leftovers. The heartily-fed Trotter stepped to the mike and, in his most polite and gentle North Carolina drawl, asked, 'Pardon me, ma'am, but what are left-overs?
Trotter, along with Jack Kapp, has been criticized for mainstreaming Crosby's style away from his jazz roots. The reality is that Crosby himself chose the songs he performed on his radio shows and had ultimate approval for anything he recorded to disc. Crosby could have worked with any musical arranger he chose, but he preferred working with Trotter for 17 years. Crosby once said of Trotter;
I'm not musically educated enough to really describe what he was in music terms. I just knew he was very good and he had marvellous taste.
- "John Scott Trotter". www.rusc.com. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- John Scott Trotter on IMDb
- "Speaking of radio interview with John Scott Trotter". www.speakingofradio.com. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- John Scott Trotter at Find a Grave
- "Trotter, John Scott 14 June 1908-29 Oct. 1975". ncpedia.org. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "John Scott Trotter". Steven Lewis. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "BING magazine". BING magazine. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. pp. 106–112. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- "BING magazine". BING magazine. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- Crosby, Bing (1953). Call Me Lucky. New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc. pp. 262–263.
- Sennett, Ted (January 1, 1976). The Old Time Radio Book. Pyramid Books. p. 70. ISBN 9780515040678.