John Shaw (naval officer)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Appointed Lieutenant in the United States Navy on August 3, 1798, he first served in Montezuma in Commodore Thomas Truxtun's squadron in the West Indies during the early part of the Quasi-War with France. On October 20, 1799, he was given command of the schooner Enterprise in which, during the next year, he captured seven armed French vessels and recaptured several American merchantmen. By the time he was relieved of command due to ill health in October 1800, he had made Enterprise one of the most famous vessels of the Navy.
Shaw helped suppress the 1811 German Coast Uprising.
Captain Shaw died at Philadelphia, where he was interred in the Christ Church Burial Ground, along with Benjamin Franklin and other signers of the Declaration of Independence. His epitaph reads:
In Memory of John Shaw
Late a captain in the Navy of the U.S.
For courage and humanity
Discipline without rigor
Skill with good conduct
Integrity above suspicion
And honour without a blemish,
He gave to the world a noble spectacle
Of a man who without patronage raised
Himself among men of the highest merit
To be the first rank in the service of
His adopted country
Enjoying the confidence of the Government
Beloved in a rare degree by those
Under his parental command and
Blest with friends of kindred worth and feeling.
He died as he lived
Without fear and without reproach
On the 17th day of September 1823 aged 50 years
Shaw's daughter was married to Francis Hoyt Gregory (1780–1866), an officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812 through the Civil War, serving then as a Rear Admiral.
- Two destroyers have been named after John Shaw: DD-68 and DD-373. In an odd coincidence, both destroyers lost their bows in action yet were repaired and continued their service. DD-68 had 90 feet of her bow cut off by HMS Aquitania during a collision in 1918 and DD-373 is best known for its spectacular explosion during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
- Shaw Island, San Juan Islands, Washington
- Cooper, James Fenimore (1846). Lives of distinguished American naval officers.
Carey and Hart, Philadelphia. p. 436. OCLC 620356. Url1
- Cooper, James Fenimore (1856). History of the navy of the United States of America.
Stringer & Townsend, New York. p. 508. OCLC 197401914. Url