John Sigismund Tanner

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John Sigismund Tanner (1705 – 14 March 1775; German: Johann Sigismund Tanner) was an engraver of the Kingdom of Great Britain, making dies for coins and medals.

Tanner, a native of Saxe-Coburg, worked mostly for the Royal Mint at the Tower of London and was its Chief Engraver from 1741 until shortly before his death. Tanner designed a sixpence for the Royal Mint during the reign of King George II, the coin became popularly known as the "tanner" and this appellation preserved until decimalization in 1971.

Life[edit]

A "tanner" of 1757.

In 1729 the Master of the Mint admitted, with some apprehension, that John Croker, Chief Engraver to the Mint since 1705, was then "the only man now living who has hitherto made Puncheons for the Head on the Coin" and recommended the appointment of an assistant in the shape of Tanner, then aged only 24. When Croker died on 21 March 1741, Tanner succeeded him. After 1739 he engraved most of the dies for the coins of George II and George III.[1]

Tanner died on 14 March 1775, after retiring from the Mint.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher Edgar Challis, A New History of the Royal Mint (1992), p. 409
  2. ^ John Nichols, The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 45 (E. Cave, 1775), p. 151