John Simpson (journalist)
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Simpson at Chatham House, April 2015
John Cody Fidler-Simpson|
9 August 1944
Cleveleys, Lancashire, England
|Alma mater||Magdalene College, Cambridge|
"BBC News: The Editors"
John Cody Fidler-Simpson CBE (born 9 August 1944) is an English foreign correspondent and world affairs editor of BBC News. He has spent all his working life at the BBC, and has reported from more than 120 countries, including thirty war zones, and interviewed many world leaders. He was educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he read English and was editor of Granta magazine.
Early life and education
Simpson was born in Cleveleys, Lancashire. He says in his autobiography that his father was an anarchist. He spent ten years growing up in Dunwich in Suffolk. He was educated at Dulwich College Preparatory School and St Paul's School, followed by Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he read English and was editor of Granta magazine. In 1965 he was a member of the Magdalene University Challenge team. A year later Simpson started as a trainee sub-editor at BBC radio news.
Simpson became a BBC reporter in 1970. On his very first day, the then-prime minister Harold Wilson, angered by what he saw as the sudden and impudent appearance of the novice's microphone, punched him in the stomach.
Simpson was the BBC's political editor in 1980–81. He presented the Nine O'Clock News in 1981–82 and became diplomatic editor in 1982. He had also served as a correspondent in South Africa, Brussels and Dublin. He became BBC world affairs editor in 1988 and presented an occasional current affairs programme, Simpson's World.
Simpson's reporting career includes the following episodes:
- In November 1969 he interviewed the exiled King of Buganda, Mutesa II, hours before death in his London flat from alcohol poisoning. The official cause was suicide but some suspected assassination. Simpson told the police the following day that the king, a fellow-graduate of Magdalene College, Cambridge, had been sober and in good spirits, but this line of enquiry was not pursued.
- He travelled back from Paris to Tehran with the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini on 1 February 1979, a return that heralded the Iranian Revolution, as millions lined the streets of the capital.
- In 1989 he avoided bullets at the Beijing Tiananmen Square massacre.
- Simpson reported the fall of Ceauşescu regime in Bucharest later that year.
- He spent the early part of the 1991 Gulf War in Baghdad, before being expelled by the authorities.
- Simpson reported from Belgrade during the Kosovo War of 1999, where he was one of a handful of journalists to remain in the Yugoslav capital after the authorities, at the start of the conflict, expelled those from NATO countries.
- Two years later, he was one of the first reporters to enter Afghanistan in 2001, famously disguising himself by wearing a burqa, and subsequently Kabul in the US-led invasion of Afghanistan.
- Simpson was hunted by Robert Mugabe's forces in Zimbabwe.
- In 2002 he had an interview with the Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn just four days before his assassination. Fortuyn was not happy with Simpson and his questions and so sent him away just five minutes after the start of the interview.
- He was the first BBC journalist to answer questions in a war zone from internet users via BBC News Online.
- While reporting on a non-embedded basis from Northern Iraq in the 2003 Iraq war, Simpson was injured in a friendly fire incident when a U.S. warplane bombed the convoy of American and Kurdish forces he was with. The attack was caught on film: a member of Simpson's crew was killed and he himself was left deaf in one ear.
Simpson has freely admitted to using hallucinogenic drugs offered to him by locals in various jungles of the world. This prompted jibes from other panellists when Simpson appeared on BBC Television's topical quiz show Have I Got News For You. On his first appearance, Simpson revealed that one hallucination involved a six-foot goldfish putting its flipper round his shoulders while wearing dark glasses and a straw hat.
In 2008 and 2009, Simpson took part in a BBC programme called Top Dogs: Adventures in War, Sea and Ice. It saw Simpson unite with fellow Britons Sir Ranulph Fiennes, the adventurer, and Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, the round-the-world yachtsman. The team went on three trips, each experiencing each other's adventure field. The first episode, aired on 27 March 2009, saw Simpson, Fiennes and Knox-Johnston go on a news-gathering trip to Afghanistan. The team reported from the Khyber Pass and the Tora Bora mountain complex. The three also undertook a voyage around Cape Horn and an expedition hauling sledges across the deep-frozen Frobisher Bay in the far north of Canada.
In 2016, Simpson presented a Panorama special, 'John Simpson: 50 Years on the Frontline', revisiting the people and places that have impacted on him most, as he reveals his thoughts on the challenges for the future.
Simpson has received various awards, including a CBE in the Gulf War honours list in 1991, an International Emmy for his report for the BBC Ten O'Clock News on the fall of Kabul, the Golden Nymph at the Cannes Film Festival, a Peabody award in the US, and three Baftas. He was appointed an honorary fellow of his old college at Cambridge, Magdalene, in 2000, and became the first Chancellor of Roehampton University in 2005.
Various universities have awarded him honorary doctorates: De Montfort, Suffolk College at the University of East Anglia, Nottingham, Dundee, Southampton, Sussex, St Andrews, and Leeds. He has received the Ischia International Journalism Award and the Bayeux-Calvados Award for war correspondents. In June 2011 he was made a Freeman of the City of London. Simpson was honoured by the City of Westminster at a Marylebone tree planting ceremony in May 2012.
Simpson has two daughters, Julia and Eleanor, by his first marriage to American Diane Petteys. He married Dee (Adele) Kruger, a South African television producer, in 1996. They had a son, named Rafe, in January 2006. Simpson, whose grandmother was born in Ireland, holds British and Irish citizenship; he moved back to London in 2005 after living in Ireland for several years. In an interview with the Irish Independent, Simpson admitted to using a legal tax avoidance scheme to purchase his London home in 2004, but stated that he would abandon the scheme and pay all applicable domestic taxes on its sale.
- Moscow Requiem (1981);
- A Fine and Private Place (1983).
- The Disappeared: Voices from a Secret War, with Jana Bennett, (1985);
- Behind Iranian Lines (1988);
- Despatches from the Barricades (1990);
- Strange Places, Questionable People (1998);
- A Mad World, My Masters (2000);
- News From No Man's Land (2002);
- The Wars Against Saddam: Taking the Hard Road to Baghdad (2004);
- Days from a Different World: A Memoir of Childhood (2005);
- Not Quite World's End: A Traveller's Tales (2007);
- Twenty Tales From The War Zone (2007);
- Unreliable Sources (2010);
- We Chose to Speak of War and Strife (2016).
- "John Simpson". From Our Own Correspondent. 12 July 2013. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "John Simpson" (1944-), Broadcaster and journalist; World Affairs Editor at BBC and presenter of the monthly "BBC News: The Editors",, National Portrait Gallery
- "John Simpson: 'The Iraq memories I can't rid myself of'". BBC. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "John Simpson - Who Do You Think You Are?"
- Strange Places, Questionable People, Pan, London, 1999, p35
- A life less ordinary, The BBC's John Simpson has reported on some of the most momentous events around the world over the last four decades. He spoke to SHEENA GRANT about his childhood in Suffolk Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- BBC. "Correspondents;On This Day". BBC. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "The journalist - John Simpson, the BBC's world affairs editor, recently disguised himself as a Pathan woman to get round the Taliban's refusal to allow foreign journalists into Afghanistan"
- "'This is just a scene from hell'". BBC. London. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2003.
- "Bin Jawad: First real test in Libya's fighting". BBC News. 7 March 2011.
- "Profile - John Simpson". BBC News. 1 December 2003. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Sussex honours John Simpson for hard-hitting global news coverage". University of Sussex. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Ben Bloom (26 May 2012). "Veteran BBC reporter plants 500th tree of Marylebone ecology project". Ham&High. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- on YouTube
- "Simpson becomes a father aged 61". BBC. London. 16 January 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2006.
- Barber, Lynn (24 February 2002). "Travels with Auntie". The Observer. London. Retrieved 24 February 2002.
- Furness, Hannah (3 July 2012). "BBC broadcaster John Simpson admits tax avoidance". Irish Independent. Dublin. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Caroline Rae (11 September 2009). "My Perfect Weekend: John Simpson". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- Ginny Dougary (26 May 2013). "John Simpson on twice breaking the first rule of journalism". The Radio Times. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- Arthur Gavshon (19 September 1985). "Britain's Juntas". London Review of Books. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Simpson answers questions from fellow-journalists at London's Frontline Club, October 2007
- When suffering gets personal
- Simpson reports on the 100th anniversary of his great grandfather making the first powered flight in Britain
| Political Editor: BBC News
1980 - 1981
| World Affairs Editor: BBC News