John Thurso

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Thurso
PC
John Thurso MP at Bournemouth 2009.jpg
Chairman of the Finance and Services Committee
In office
6 May 2010 – 8 May 2015
Preceded by Sir Stuart Bell
Succeeded by Nick Brown
Liberal Democrat Business, Innovation, and Skills Spokesman
In office
8 October 2008 – 13 May 2010
Leader Nick Clegg
Preceded by Sarah Teather
Succeeded by Vince Cable (2015)
Liberal Democrat Transport Spokesman
In office
2003–2005
Leader Charles Kennedy
Preceded by Tom Brake
Succeeded by Don Foster
Member of the House of Lords
Assumed office
19 April 2016
as an excepted hereditary peer
Preceded by The Lord Avebury
In office
31 October 1995 – 11 November 1999
as a hereditary peer
Preceded by Robin Sinclair, 2nd Viscount Thurso
Succeeded by House of Lords Act 1999
Member of Parliament
for Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross
In office
7 June 2001 – 30 March 2015
Preceded by Robert Maclennan
Succeeded by Paul Monaghan
Personal details
Born John Archibald Sinclair
(1953-09-10) 10 September 1953 (age 63)
Thurso, Caithness, Scotland, UK
Nationality British
Political party Liberal Democrats
Spouse(s) Marion Sage (present Viscountess Thurso)
Children 1 daughter, 2 sons
Alma mater Eton
Religion Episcopalian
Insignia of Baronet

John Archibald Sinclair, 3rd Viscount Thurso, PC (born 10 September 1953), known also as John Thurso, is a Scottish businessman, Liberal Democrat politician and hereditary peer.[1]

Thurso is notable for having served in the House of Lords both before and after a period in the House of Commons. He first joined Parliament in the Lords as a hereditary peer between 1995 and 1999. Most hereditary peers were removed from Parliament following the House of Lords Act 1999. Subsequently he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross from the 2001 election until he was defeated in the 2015 election by SNP candidate Paul Monaghan. He was the fifth generation of the Sinclair family to represent the Caithness area in the House of Commons. In 2016, he returned to the House of Lords after winning a by-election to fill a vacancy among the remaining Liberal Democrat hereditary peers.

Education, family and non-political career[edit]

John Sinclair was educated in Thurso and at Eton College. Thurso joined the Savoy Group as a management trainee in 1972 and following this worked for many years in the hospitality industry. He was a manager at the Lancaster Hotel in Paris (1981–85) and founding the hotel at Cliveden (1985–92) before becoming CEO of Granfel Holdings, owners of East Sussex National Golf Course from 1992 to 1995. Finally from 1995 until his election to parliament in 2001 he was CEO of the Champneys Group. During his time in this job he featured in the TV documentary Trouble at the Top - Shape up with Lord Thurso.

Lord Thurso comes from a family of Liberal parliamentarians. The former constituency of Caithness and Sutherland had been held by his grandfather, Archibald Sinclair from 1922 until 1945. Archibald Sinclair was the 1st Viscount Thurso and a Liberal Party leader. Thurso has been married to Marion for 26 years and they have a daughter and two sons. The family live at Thurso, Caithness.

Thurso holds the Presidency of The Tourism Society[2] and the Academy of Food and Wine Service.[3] He is a Fellow of Confederation of Tourism and Hospitality (HCIMA) (FIH) and served as its Patron for six years, until June 2003. He was President of the British International Spa Association,[4] a Trustee of the Clan Sinclair Trust, and Patron of the Bluebell Railway 50th Anniversary Appeal.[citation needed] In that capacity, on 24 April 2009, at the railway's Horsted Keynes station he carried out the ceremonial renaming of the Battle of Britain class locomotive named after his grandfather, Sir Archibald Sinclair, Secretary of State for Air during that battle.[5] On 7 March 2016, it was announced that Lord Thurso would become the chair of VisitScotland.[6]

Political career[edit]

Following his father’s death in 1995 he took his seat in the House of Lords as the 3rd Viscount Thurso where he became spokesman on Tourism and later Food Matters. Thurso spoke many times in the House of Lords in favour of Lords reform. His automatic right as a hereditary peer to sit in the House of Lords was abolished in 1999, and he did not attempt to remain in that capacity.[7] At the 2001 general election he was elected to the House of Commons to represent Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross becoming the first British hereditary peer elected to sit in the House of Commons without having to disclaim his title.[7]

He served as Liberal Democrat Shadow Scotland Secretary under Charles Kennedy,[8] but was sacked by Sir Menzies Campbell. He has publicly gone against party policy by declaring his support for nuclear power,[9] and his criticism of 24-hour drinking and wind power.

Lord Thurso was sworn of the Privy Council in 2014.[10]

Eton College Chapel

Lord Thurso lost his Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross at the 2015 General Election. However, Lord Thurso had a good result in comparison with many Liberal Democrat candidates. Only four Scottish Liberal Democrats were closer to winning their seats, including Alistair Carmichael who held his Orkney and Shetland seat.[11]

Following the election, Lord Thurso became a board member of the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority.[12]

In April 2016, Thurso won a by-election to a vacancy in the House of Lords following the death of Lord Avebury.[13] He won the support of all of the three members who were eligible to vote.[13]

Styles of address and arms[edit]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1953-1970: Mr John A. Sinclair
  • 1970-1995: The Honourable John A. Sinclair
  • 1995-2001: The Right Honourable The Viscount Thurso[a]
  • 2001-2014: The Right Honourable The Viscount Thurso MP
  • 2014-2015: The Right Honourable The Viscount Thurso PC MP
  • 2015-: The Right Honourable The Viscount Thurso PC
  1. ^ Although The Viscount Thurso is the 6th Sinclair Baronet of Ulbster, by custom the post-nominal of Bt is omitted, since Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.

Arms[edit]

Sinclair hunting tartan (ancient). When in Scotland, Sinclair is accorded the courtesy title of Laird of Thurso.[14]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile, burkespeerage.com; accessed 8 May 2015.
  2. ^ www.tourismsociety.org
  3. ^ www.afws.co.uk
  4. ^ "BISA Council and Associates". www.spaassociation.org.uk. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. 
  5. ^ Profile bulleidsociety.org; accessed 8 May 2015.
  6. ^ "John Thurso to chair VisitScotland". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  7. ^ a b Parkinson, Justin (22 February 2011). "John Thurso: The hereditary peer who became an MP". BBC News. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Uncredited (3 November 2001). "Kennedy boosts his frontbench team". The Scotsman. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  9. ^ Edwards, Rob (5 March 2006). "Nuclear power: splitting the LibDems and Labour". Sunday Herald. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Lord Thurso was sworn of the Privy Council in 2014, gov.uk; accessed 8 May 2015.
  11. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  12. ^ "ISPA Board members". 
  13. ^ a b "Former Lib Dem MP John Thurso to return to House of Lords". BBC News. BBC. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  14. ^ Letts, Quentin (7 February 2014). "The lazy MPs who need to be bumped form their moorings". Daily Mail. ...Laird Thurso... 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Maclennan
Member of Parliament for Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross
20012015
Succeeded by
Paul Monaghan
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robin MacDonald Sinclair
Viscount Thurso
1995–present
Incumbent