John St Aubyn, 1st Baron St Levan

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John St Aubyn, 1st Baron St Levan DL JP (23 October 1829 – 14 May 1908), known as Sir John St Aubyn, 2nd Baronet, from 1872 to 1887, was a British Liberal, and later Liberal Unionist, politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1858 until 1887 when he was raised to the peerage.

Early life[edit]

St Aubyn was the son of Sir Edward St Aubyn, 1st Baronet, of St Michael's Mount, Cornwall, and his wife Emma (née Knollys), daughter of General William Knollys.[1] He was educated at Eton, and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[2] St Aubyn was Hon. Colonel of the 3rd Bttn Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. He was also a Deputy Lieutenant and J.P. for Cornwall, and Deputy Special Warden of the Stannaries.[3] He was president of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall from 1891-92.[4]

Parliamentary service[edit]

St Aubyn was elected Member of Parliament for Cornwall West as a Liberal in 1858, a seat he held until 1885 when the constituency was replaced under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. In his original election address, according to The Times, he promised to vote for.:[5]

Whilst representing West Cornwall, he was always elected unopposed.

At the 1885 general election, St Aubyn was elected as MP for St Ives in a contest that was fiercely contested. "The fight was severe", according to The Times.[6] He disagreed with William Ewart Gladstone over Irish Home Rule and sat as a Liberal Unionist from 1886 to 1887.[7] In the latter year St Aubyn was raised to the peerage as Baron St Levan, of St Michael's Mount in the County of Cornwall.

Marriage, children and death[edit]

Lord St Levan married Lady Elizabeth Clementina, daughter of John Townshend, 4th Marquess Townshend, in 1856. They had six sons and seven daughters [6] He died on 14 May 1908, aged 78.[6] He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son John (23 September 1857 – 1940).[8] Lady St Levan died in 1910.


  1. ^ Mosely, Brian (21 February 2011). "Sir Edward Saint Aubyn (1799-1872)". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  2. ^ "St Aubyn, John (ST848J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
  4. ^ K F G Hosking & G J Shrimpton, ed. (1964). "Patrons and Presidents". Present Views of Some Aspects of the Geology of Cornwall and Devon. Penzance: Royal Geological Society of Cornwall. p. iii.
  5. ^ The Times, Saturday, 3 July 1858; pg. 9; Issue 23036; col D
  6. ^ a b c The Times, Friday, 15 May 1908; pg. 12; Issue 38647; col F "Obituary. Lord St. Levan."
  7. ^ Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir John St Aubyn
  8. ^ "Marazion". The Cornishman (116). 30 September 1880. p. 4.


  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Williams
Richard Davey
Member of Parliament for Cornwall West
With: Richard Davey 1858–1868
Arthur Pendarves Vivian 1868–1885
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Charles Campbell Ross
Member of Parliament for St Ives
Succeeded by
Thomas Bedford Bolitho
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron St Levan
Succeeded by
John Townshend St Aubyn
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward St Aubyn
(of St Michael's Mount)
Succeeded by
John Townshend St Aubyn