John Stephenson Company
The John Stephenson Car Company was an American manufacturer of carriages, horsecars, cable cars, and streetcars, based in New York City. It was founded by John Stephenson in 1831. John Stephenson invented the first streetcar to run on rails, building this in 1832, for the New York and Harlem Railroad. A reorganization in 1867 included shortening of the company's name to the John Stephenson Company. In the latter part of the 19th century, the company was a major builder of streetcars, constructing some 25,000 cars in the period 1876–1891 alone, including ones for export.
Its customers included many systems, in the US and other countries. Among the foreign ones were the Toronto Street Railways, Montreal Street Railway Company, the Halifax Street Railway, Mexico City's Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Distrito Federal, Lisbon, Portugal's CCFL (Carris), and Caracas' Tranvía Caracas and Tranvía Bolívar.
Stephenson's factory was located in Elizabeth, New Jersey, after 1898. The company was acquired by the J.G. Brill Company in 1904 and continued to operate under the Stephenson name until 1917, when the plant was sold to the Standard Aero Corporation for production of airplanes, and the corporation was liquidated in 1919.
- Middleton, William D. (1967). The Time of the Trolley, p. 424. Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0-89024-013-2.
- The Tramways of Mexico City (Part 1) Morrison, Allen. 2003. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- King, B. R.; and Price, J. H. (1995). The Tramways of Portugal (4th edition), pp. 5, 21. London: Light Rail Transit Association. ISBN 0-948106-19-0.
- The New York Times, August 27, 1917.
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- John Stephenson Company history by the Mid-Continent Railway Museum
- John Stephenson Company Streetcars at the Museum of the City of New York's Collections blog
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