John Stratford, 1st Earl of Aldborough

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Arms of Stratford, Earl of Aldborough: Barry of ten argent and azure, a lion rampant gules

John Stratford, 1st Earl of Aldborough (1698 – 29 May 1777)[1] was an Irish peer and politician and member of the Noble House of Stratford.

Background[edit]

John was born either on 10 August 1697,[2] or in 1698 at Ormond.[3] He was the son of Edward Stratford and his first wife Elizabeth Baisley, daughter of Euseby Baisley of Ricketstown, Rathvilly, County Carlow.[3] He was a descendant of the English House of Stratford.[2] He matriculated at Trinity College, Dublin on 8 May 1716.[3][4]

Career[edit]

In 1721, he entered the Irish House of Commons for Baltinglass.[5] He was appointed High Sheriff of Wexford in 1727, High Sheriff of Wicklow in 1736 and High Sheriff of Wexford in 1739.[3]

Stratford sat for Baltinglass until 21 May 1763, when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Baltinglass, of Baltinglass, in the County of Wicklow.[3][6] On 22 July 1776, he was advanced to the dignity of Viscount Aldborough, of Belan, County Kildare[3] or the Palatinate of Upper Ormond,[7] part of a series of promotions carried out by Earl Harcourt, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to secure support for the British ministry in the Parliament of Ireland.[8] and on 9 February 1777, Stratford was further honoured when he became Viscount Amiens and Earl of Aldborough, of the Palatinate of Upper Ormond.[3][9] The title of "Viscount Amiens" was apparently adapted on the strength of a fictitious pedigree detailing Stratford's descent from a companion of William the Conqueror originating in Amiens.[3]

Family[edit]

He married Martha O'Neale, daughter of Venerable Benjamin O'Neale, Archdeacon of Leighlin.[10] They had six sons and nine daughters.[11] Stratford was succeeded in his titles successively by his oldest son Edward, his second son John and then his fourth son Benjamin.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment — Peerage". Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2009.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b Stratford, Gerald "A History of the Stratford Family" Chapter 11. The Extinct Earldom. [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Cokayne 1910, p. 98.
  4. ^ Cokayne 1998, p. 13.
  5. ^ "Leigh Rayment — Irish House of Commons 1692-1800". Archived from the original on 1 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "No. 10311". The London Gazette. 7 May 1763. p. 1.
  7. ^ "No. 11679". The London Gazette. 29 June 1776. p. 1.
  8. ^ Beckett, J. C. (2011). The Making of Modern Ireland 1603-1923. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571280896.
  9. ^ "No. 11739". The London Gazette. 25 January 1777. p. 1.
  10. ^ Cokayne 1910, pp. 98–99.
  11. ^ Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall (ed.). The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. III. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 337–339. |volume= has extra text (help)
  12. ^ Cokayne 1910, p. 99.

References[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Baltinglass
1721–1763
With: Edward Stratford 1721–1727
Daniel Falkiner 1727–1759
Edward Stratford 1759–1763
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Aldborough
January–May 1777
Succeeded by
Viscount Aldborough
1776–1777
Baron Baltinglass
1763–1777