John Street House

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John Street House
John Street House.jpg
John Street House in Summer
John Street House is located in Ohio
John Street House
John Street House is located in the US
John Street House
Location 631 N. Ellsworth Avenue
Salem, Ohio
Coordinates 40°54′17″N 80°51′26″W / 40.90472°N 80.85722°W / 40.90472; -80.85722Coordinates: 40°54′17″N 80°51′26″W / 40.90472°N 80.85722°W / 40.90472; -80.85722
Built 1838
Architect John Zadock?
Architectural style Italianate/Neoclassical
NRHP Reference # 73001400[1]
Added to NRHP October 10, 1973

The John Street House is a historic home that was part of the Underground Railroad. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and located in Salem, Ohio.

History and role in abolitionism[edit]

Salem, Ohio, was a major nexus of corridors along the Underground Railroad. In the city itself, there were at least six stops, primarily in the southern half, located closest to the actual railroad lines. The John Street House is one of the northernmost stops in Salem.

Built in 1838, the building was initially constructed as the residence of John Street, a son of the city’s co-founder, Zadok Street. The Street family were Quakers and active in the Western Anti-slavery Society, an abolitionist organization then headquartered in Salem. Interested in aiding fleeing slaves, the Streets altered their residence after its initial construction, and provided food and clandestine lodging in several hiding spaces throughout the house. In a windowless basement, fugitive slaves would sleep during the day and travel to another "station" on the Railroad by night. This location was connected by an underground tunnel built under what is now Ellesworth Ave to the house across the street.[2] The famous abolitionist John Brown was a frequent guest at the house.

Current status[edit]

The John Street House is a private residence, and is not open to the public.

The house is listed on the National Register for its architectural significance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ohio Historic Preservation Office: National Register Search. Retrieved on 2008-08-08.
  2. ^ Salem, Ohio, Historical Society. "John Street House: N. Ellsworth Ave., Salem, Ohio." Salem: Underground Railroad Series, 1991.