|Born||John Eliot Sturges
January 3, 1910
Oak Park, Illinois, United States
|Died||August 18, 1992
San Luis Obispo, California, United States
John Eliot Sturges (//; January 3, 1910 – August 18, 1992) was an American film director. His movies include Bad Day at Black Rock (1955), Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957), The Magnificent Seven (1960), The Great Escape (1963), and Ice Station Zebra (1968). In 2013, The Magnificent Seven was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". He was not related to director Preston Sturges.
He started his career in Hollywood as an editor in 1932. During World War II, he directed documentaries and training films for the United States Army Air Forces. Sturges's mainstream directorial career began in 1946 with The Man Who Dared, the first of many B-movies. He made imaginative use of the widescreen CinemaScope format by placing Spencer Tracy alone against a vast desert panorama in the suspense film Bad Day at Black Rock, for which he received a Best Director Oscar nomination in 1955. Over the course of his career, Sturges developed a reputation for elevated character-based drama within the confines of genre filmmaking. He was awarded the Golden Boot Award in 1992 for his lifetime contribution to Westerns.
- Nominee Best Director - Academy Awards (Bad Day at Black Rock)
- Nominee Palme d'Or - Cannes Film Festival (Bad Day at Black Rock)
- Nominee Best Director - Directors Guild of America (Bad Day at Black Rock)
- Nominee Best Director - Directors Guild of America (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral)
- Winner Best Foreign Language Film - Blue Ribbon Awards (Japan) (The Old Man and the Sea)
- Nominee Best Picture - Hugo Awards (Marooned) (also, screenwriter Mayo Simon, author Martin Caidin)
- Nominee Grand Prix - Moscow International Film Festival (The Great Escape)
- Winner "Golden Eddie" Filmmaker of the Year - American Cinema Editors (1970)
- Winner Golden Boot Award (1990)
- "Library of Congress announces 2013 National Film Registry selections" (Press release). Washington Post. December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
- Escape Artist at University of Wisconsin Press
- Lovell, Glenn (2008), Escape Artist. The Life and Films of John Sturges, University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 978-0-299-22830-9
- Gesprengte Ketten: The Great Escape, Behind the Scenes, Photographs of cameraman Walter Riml, Editor Helma Türk & Christian Riml, House Publishing 2013, English/German (Online)
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