John Sweeney (journalist)
Sweeney in 2014
John Paul Sweeney
7 June 1958
|Education||Barton Peveril Grammar School|
|Alma mater||London School of Economics|
|Title||Investigative Journalist for BBC|
- 1 Education
- 2 Investigative journalism
- 3 Career at the BBC
- 4 Awards
- 5 Books
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Sweeney worked for twelve years at The Observer newspaper, where he covered wars and revolutions in more than sixty countries including Romania, Algeria, Iraq, Chechnya, Burundi and Bosnia.
Barclay brothers suit
In 1996, Sweeney was sued for criminal defamation in France by the Barclay brothers, owners of The Daily Telegraph, but the claimants lost their case. At the time, Sweeney worked for the rival newspaper The Observer, and had given an interview on BBC Radio Guernsey alleging that they had been involved in corruption. The claimants justified their legal claim in the French courts on the basis that the broadcast could also be heard in a small coastal part of northern France, although this was widely considered forum shopping. Sweeney was ordered to pay €3,000 by the appeal court in Rennes, France.
Career at the BBC
After formally joining the BBC in 2001, Sweeney reported on mass graves in Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe for the BBC in 2002. By then Mugabe had banned BBC reporters from the country, forcing Sweeney to hide in a car boot to travel to a meeting with the Leader of the Opposition.
Cot death investigation
Sweeney spent four years investigating the cases of Sally Clark, Angela Cannings and Donna Anthony, three women who had been falsely imprisoned for killing their children. Sweeney's investigation helped to clear their names, and led to Sir Roy Meadow, the expert witness whose testimony had proved decisive in their convictions, being temporarily struck off the General Medical Council's medical register. Sweeney received the Paul Foot Award in 2005 in recognition of his work.
Investigative report on Scientology
"Scientology and Me", a Panorama investigation into Scientology written and presented by Sweeney, was aired on BBC One on Monday, 14 May 2007. Prior to its airing, video footage filmed by the Church of Scientology was released on YouTube and on DVD that showed Sweeney shouting at Scientology representative Tommy Davis during a visit to Citizens Commission on Human Rights's exhibition "Psychiatry: An Industry of Death". The clips were sections of a documentary the Church of Scientology's Freedom Magazine TV produced about the BBC Panorama programme.
Sweeney remarked that he lost his temper due to days of harassment by Davis and the Church, and a strong personal reaction to the psychiatry exhibition. He had been visited at his hotel by Davis, despite not having shared the address with the Church, and had been followed on several different occasions. Sweeney labelled the clips "attack videos" and others say they were produced to discredit him and the documentary.
The BBC in response aired its own full recording of the incident. Panorama's Editor Sandy Smith explained what happened and how the BBC dealt with the incident in a post on the BBC's Editor's Blog. An internal BBC investigation found that Sweeney's conduct at one point in the filming was clearly inappropriate, but also noted that Sweeney had apologised for his outburst and concluded that as a whole, filming of the documentary had been performed in a proper and fair manner. Later on that same year in the BBC Panorama year in review Sweeney said "..a new generation is making up its own mind, and for that I make no apology". Sweeney went into a similar outburst in January 2009 when being interviewed on Radio 4 about the Tom Cruise film Valkyrie—clearly referring to the episode two years previously, as a part of a rehearsed joke.
In a segment on BBC Radio 4's From Our Own Correspondent broadcast in March 2008, Sweeney paid tribute to the late Scientology critic Shawn Lonsdale, who had died, apparently from suicide, a few weeks before. Sweeney looked back at the life of Lonsdale, and his eventful interview for the Scientology and Me programme that had been filmed the previous spring.
A follow-up Panorama programme also hosted by Sweeney, which at an hour is twice the length of the original one, was aired on 28 September 2010. This documentary contained interviews with high-profile ex-scientologists Mike Rinder and Marty Rathbun. Rinder in particular explained the tactics used by the church during the making of the previous documentary, while Rathbun primarily discussed the allegations of David Miscavige assaulting other members of the church. Rinder had been involved in the Scientology organisation's stalking of Sweeney.
North Korea Undercover
In an undercover visit to North Korea, Sweeney posed as an academic from the London School of Economics whilst travelling with a party of students from the university, also including Sweeney's wife and another BBC employee. The BBC was accused of putting students at risk and of compromising the future ability of the university to pursue studies in other countries with strict regimes.
The BBC Trust Editorial Standards Committee investigated the complaints against the programme makers, and found that "the BBC failed to ensure that all the young adults Panorama travelled with were sufficiently aware of any potential risks to enable them to give informed consent. This was a serious failing, and the BBC is right to apologise to the complainants." They also found that Sweeney's wife, who was the trip organiser and tour leader, had a conflict of interest which was compounded when she became employed by the BBC for the programme.
Subsequently, however, a public statement signed by six of the 10 LSE student participants on the trip said that "We feel that we have now been put in more risk than was originally the case, as a result of the LSE's decision to go public with their story". They also indicated that they had no objection to the broadcast of the BBC Panorama documentary and that they were satisfied with how the BBC handled the trip. It was also revealed that an agent for the North Korean government had emailed threats to the LSE, which ostensibly motivated the LSE to take action against the BBC publicly. An LSE spokesman denied this. The programme was watched by 5.06 million people making it the number 1 show in its time slot and the second most watched show of the night.
The programme formed the basis of a book, North Korea Undercover, published in November 2013.
Fake Sheikh: Exposed
Sweeney was the presenter of a controversial Panorama about the ex News of the World undercover reporter Mazher Mahmood called "Fake Sheikh: Exposed". The Attorney General, Jeremy Wright, wrote to the BBC asking them not to show it in case it prejudiced any future trial, and Mahmood unsuccessfully tried to get an injunction to stop Panorama broadcasting recent video of him with no disguise. The broadcast was twice delayed and was finally transmitted on 12 November 2014. Following the programme the Crown Prosecution Service announced that they would reinvestigate 25 cases where people were convicted on Mahmood's evidence.
Trump: The Kremlin Candidate?
Sweeney presented the documentary he researched and investigated, Trump: The Kremlin Candidate?, first broadcast for Panorama on BBC One on 16 January 2017, four days before the Inauguration of Donald Trump. Exploring ties links between Trump associates and Russian officials and Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, the documentary was well received by The Guardian, Radio Times, The National, and the Times Union. The documentary was screened in Perugia, Italy on 6 April 2017 at the International Journalism Festival. Investigative journalists Sweeney and Andrei Soldatov of Russia were in attendance at the screening.
On 23 February 2019, about 4,000 protested outside BBC offices in Manchester against one of Sweeney’s planned Panorama episodes on activist Tommy Robinson, who also led the protest. During the rally, undercover filming of Sweeney, obtained from a supporter of Robinson, was shown on a large screen. In the film, Sweeney is heard making a number of remarks which Robinson described as racist, homophobic and anti-working class. Sweeney also called former IRA leader Martin McGuinness "one of [his] political heroes". Sweeney later apologised for the remarks. The BBC stated that "any programme we broadcast will adhere to the BBC's strict editorial guidelines", and that work on the Panorama programme would continue. The NUJ condemned what they described as the intimidation of BBC staff and journalists.
Sweeney has won several awards throughout his career, including:
- 1998: What the Papers Say Journalist of the Year prize for reports on human rights abuses in Algeria.
- 2000: an Emmy Award and a Royal Television Society prize for programmes about the Massacre at Krusha e Madhe, Kosovo.
- 2001: the Amnesty International prize for "Victims of the Torture Train," about human rights abuses in Chechnya.
- 2003: a Sony Gold award (2003) for Best Radio News programme.
- 2004: a Royal Television Society prize (2004) for "Angela's Hope," a BBC One documentary about a woman wrongly convicted of murdering her three babies.
- 2005: The Paul Foot Award.
- Sweeney, John (1991). The Life and Evil Times of Nicolae Ceausescu. Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0-09-174672-8.
- Sweeney, John (1993). Trading With the Enemy: Britain's Arming of Iraq. Pan Books. ISBN 978-0-330-33128-9.
- Sweeney, John (1998). Purple Homicide, Fear and Loathing on Knutsford Heath. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-3970-4.
- Sweeney, John (2010). Rooney's Gold. Biteback. ISBN 1-84954-054-3.
- Sweeney, John (2012). Big Daddy: Lukashenka, Tyrant of Belarus. Silvertail Books.
- Sweeney, John (2012). Elephant Moon. Silvertail Books. ISBN 9781909269019.
- Sweeney, John (2013). Church of Fear : Inside The Weird World of Scientology. Silvertail Books. ISBN 978-1909269033.
- Sweeney, John (2013). North Korea Undercover : Inside The World's Most Secret State. Bantam Press. ISBN 978-0-5930-7297-4.
- Famous Alumni – BBC and Observer investigative journalist John Sweeney Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine Publisher: Barton Peveril Sixth Form College. Retrieved: 27 April 2013.
- "BBC 'used LSE students as human shield' in North Korea". BBC News. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "the Barclays, BBC, Times and Sweeney – choosing a forum in cross-border action". Caslon Analytics defamation profile. Archived from the original on 15 June 2005. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
- "The Times & The Sunday Times". www.timesonline.co.uk.
- William Turvill (17 July 2014). "John Sweeney loses job in cull of all Panorama's staff reporters: 'Management will gain more control'". Press Gazette. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- John Sweeney (17 August 2015). "'No evidence' of convicted postmaster's theft, Panorama learns". BBC. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Zimbabwe burning". BBC News. 3 March 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "National Union of Journalists (NUJ) – Winning for you at work". National Union of Journalists.
- on YouTube
- (Travolta and DVD Distribution by Scientology) The Daily Mail 14 May 2007
- "歯の寿命を大きく左右する根管治療｜歯を残したい人におすすめ". www.bbcpanorama-exposed.org. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "BBC reporter blows his top at Scientologist", Daily Telegraph, 15 May 2007
- on YouTube
- Row over Scientology video, John Sweeney, BBC News, 12 May 2007
- Staff; Anderson Cooper (14 April 2007). "Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees – Inside Scientology". Anderson Cooper 360. CNN.
- BBC Report on John Sweeney (BBC Video of events) - BBC News clip 14 May 2007
- Sandy Smith (14 May 2007). "Investigating Scientology". BBC News Editors Blog.
It's not a question of us setting out to call Scientology a cult – it's just a question of us asking legitimate questions, and their organisation being unwilling to engage seriously with us. And when you go in as a journalist to try and deal with that, it's explosive.
- Smith, David (13 May 2007). "The BBC man, the Scientologist – and the YouTube rant". London: The Observer. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
- "BBC man rebuked over Scientology show". Digital Spy. 14 May 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
- "BBC NEWS – UK – Sweeney reviews Cruise film". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "The secrets of Scientology". BBC News. 26 September 2010.
- "BBC apologises over Panorama's North Korea programme". BBC. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- "Editorial Standards Committee publishes findings on Panorama on North Korea". BBC Trust. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- Students say LSE has placed them at 'more risk' from North Korea, The Guardian, 17 April 2013
- Gallagher, Ian (20 April 2013). "Revealed: North Korea's threats to LSE over secret BBC Panorama film". Daily Mail. London.
- Taylor, Jerome (14 April 2013). "BBC report 'endangers LSE students': Panorama programme based on secret footage taken on university field trip to North Korea". The Independent. London.
- Ravi Somaiya (14 April 2013). "BBC Tactics in Covering North Korea Are Faulted". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- A North Korea Panorama special is seen by over 5 million viewers on BBC One., Digital Spy, 16 April 2013
- Glyn Ford (7 May 2014). "North Korea Undercover by John Sweeney". The Asian Review of Books. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "CPS to probe 25 criminal convictions involving evidence from 'Fake Sheikh' reporter Mazher Mahmood after judge accused him of lying in Tulisa drugs trial". Daily Mail. London. 4 December 2014.
- Catterall, Ali (15 January 2017), "Monday's best TV: Trump – The Kremlin Candidate?, Silent Witness", The Guardian, retrieved 11 June 2017
- Seale, Jack (16 January 2017), "Trump: The Kremlin Candidate? – Panorama", Radio Times, retrieved 11 June 2017
- McDowall, Julie (15 January 2017), "TV Pick of the Day, Monday January 16 – Zero Days: Nuclear Cyber Sabotage, and Trump: The Kremlin Candidate?", The National, retrieved 11 June 2017
- White, Lawrence (20 January 2017), "New BBC Report: Trump: The Kremlin Candidate?", Times Union, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Trump: The Kremlin candidate?", International Journalism Festival, Perugia, Italy, 6 April 2017, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Perugia capitale del giornalismo, il 5 torna il Festival", Umbria Domani (in Italian), 3 April 2017, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Festival Internazionale del Giornalismo, entra nel vivo l'undicesima edizione", UmbriaJournal (in Italian), 5 April 2017, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Perugia apre le sue porte a IJF tra dibattiti, workshop e ospiti d'eccellenza", La Notizia Quotidiana (in Italian), 5 April 2017, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Trump: the Kremlin candidate?", International Journalism Festival (video), Perugia, Italy: YouTube, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Tommy Robinson holds Salford protest against BBC Panorama". BBC. BBC. 23 February 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- Award list Available: http://www.projectklebnikov.org/members/sweeney.html Accessed: 17 May 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Sweeney.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: John Sweeney (journalist)|
- Profile on the Panorama Website
- Profile on the Panorama Website, 9 January 2007
- BBC Editors Blog: Investigating Scientology
- Filmography at the British Film Institute
- Sweeney, John; Presented by Kate Adie (1 March 2008). "FOOC: Justin Webb on US Democrat primaries 1 Mar 08". From Our Own Correspondent. BBC Radio 4, John Sweeney reports on the death in Florida of a noted opponent of Scientology: 17 minutes, 30 seconds into Podcast. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
- BBC employee criticised after PRs hand deliver Mormon documentary complaint 27 March 2012 regarding Sweeney and his documentary The Mormon Candidate on Mormonism, the LDS Church, and Mitt Romney