John Talbot, 16th Earl of Shrewsbury

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John Talbot
Arms of Talbot.svg
Coat of Arms of the Talbot Family
Born (1791-03-18)18 March 1791
Died 9 November 1852(1852-11-09) (aged 61)
Resting place St John the Baptist Catholic Church, Alton, Staffordshire
52°58′45″N 1°53′33″W / 52.979030°N 1.892527°W / 52.979030; -1.892527Coordinates: 52°58′45″N 1°53′33″W / 52.979030°N 1.892527°W / 52.979030; -1.892527
Title 16th Earl of Shrewsbury
Tenure (1827–1852)
Other titles 16th Earl of Waterford
Nationality British
Residence Heythrop Park; later Alton Towers
Offices Lord High Steward of Ireland
Predecessor Charles Talbot, 15th Earl of Shrewsbury (uncle)
Successor Bertram Arthur Talbot, 17th Earl of Shrewsbury (cousin)
Issue
Parents John Joseph Talbot and Catherine Talbot (Nee Clifton).

John Talbot, 16th Earl of Shrewsbury, 16th Earl of Waterford (1791–1852) was a British peer and aristocrat. Sometimes known as "Good Earl John", he has been described as "the most prominent British Catholic of his day",[1] although he was the last Earl of Shrewsbury to follow the Catholic faith.[2] John was also Lord High Steward of Ireland, an office the Earls of Shrewsbury have held since 1446.[2]

Biography[edit]

John was born on 18 March 1791;[3][4] son of John Joseph Talbot (9 June 1765 – 8 August 1815) and Catherine Talbot (Nee Clifton).[5] He inherited his titles in 1827 from his paternal uncle, Charles Talbot, 15th Earl of Shrewsbury.[3]

Alton Towers from across the ornamental lake

Among the estates he inherited from his uncle was the Talbot family's main home, Heythrop Park, which burned down in 1831. After the fire, John moved the family to another of his inherited estates, in Staffordshire. The house had originally been known as Alverton Lodge, and had been enlarged by the 15th Earl, who enclosed the park and started creating the formal valley gardens to create "Alton Abbey" (the name "Abbey" was chosen because it was fashionable -the site had no religious connections). John continued his uncle's work at Alton, developing and expanding the house and estate further; he renamed it Alton Towers.[3] John was a "patron of the Gothic revival"[6] and commissioned noted Gothic revival architect Augustus Pugin to work at the towers.[1]

Alton Castle from across the Churnet Valley

In addition to the building work at Alton Towers, John set about rebuilding nearby Alton Castle. The castle occupies a rocky precipice above the River Churnet on the outskirts of the village of Alton, Staffordshire. On a site fortified since Saxon times, the 12th-century castle had fallen into ruins by the 19th century. John had most of the ruins demolished, engaging Pugin again to design a new gothic-revival castle, which was built to resemble a French or German medieval castle. It is unclear why the 16th Earl had the castle rebuilt. It may have been intended for his cousin and eventual successor, Bertram Talbot (17th Earl of Shrewsbury); or it may have been intended as a Dower House for the Earl's wife, if he should predecease her. Towards the end of the castle's construction, the earl suggested the castle could be a home for priests, but Pugin was "vehemently against the idea".[7]

John is remembered as "Good Earl John"[1] for his charity, having supported local schools and churches,[3] and financed the construction of new Catholic chapels around the Midlands.[1] Among the buildings he helped finance is St Chad's Cathedral in Birmingham.[2] Adjacent to Alton Castle, John had a new church constructed alongside a "replica of a medieval hospital, a guildhall and presbytery"; this was again to the designs of Augustus Pugin. The Earl's friend, Ambrose Philips, convinced him to construct a monastery: this idea developed into the hospital complex that was built, as John felt it "could do more good for the community" than a monastery. The "hospital" served as a "humanitarian almshouse", providing for the poor and elderly of the parish. The buildings also provided lodgings for poor and elderly priests, with an attached library and dining room. The church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, was also used as a school for local poor children.[7]

John died on 9 November 1852, aged 61.[3][4] His funeral was held in the Birmingham Cathedral he helped finance.[2][dubious ] John and his wife are buried in St. John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church, the church John built adjacent to Alton Castle.[7]

Family[edit]

John married Maria Theresa Talbot (died 8 June 1856[8]), daughter of William Talbot of Castle Talbot, County Wexford, Ireland. They had 3 children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Kohn, Marc-Arthur. "The Tragic Destiny of the British Aristocrat known as Rome's Mother of the Poor" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e The Institute of Our Lady of Mercy. "John Talbot". Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e TowersTimes.co.uk : Alton Towers : Earls of ShrewsburyArchived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page
  5. ^ The Peerage: John Joseph Talbot.
  6. ^ National Portrait Gallery, John Talbot, 16th Earl of Shrewsbury
  7. ^ a b c Alton Towers Heritage: The 16th Earl and Castle Hill Archived 7 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ The Peerage: Maria Theresa Talbot
  9. ^ The Peerage: Prince Philip Andrew Doria-Pamphilj-Landi
  10. ^ Not so happy ever after...plucked as babies from an orphanage by an Italian princess but now they're at war over the family's £1bn fortune | Mail Online
  11. ^ Charles Mosley, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage: Volume 3 (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: : Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 3604. 
  12. ^ The Peerage: Mark Antony Borghese, Prince Borghese

External links[edit]

Political offices
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Charles Talbot
Lord High Steward of Ireland
1827–1852
Succeeded by
Bertram Arthur Talbot
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Talbot
Earl of Shrewsbury
1827–1852
Succeeded by
Bertram Arthur Talbot
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Charles Talbot
Earl of Waterford
1827–1852
Succeeded by
Bertram Arthur Talbot