John Talbot of Grafton

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Sir John Talbot of Grafton, Worcestershire (1545 – 28 January 1611[1]) was a prominent recusant English Catholic layman of the reigns of Elizabeth I of England and James I of England. He was connected by marriage to one of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators, and by acquaintance or family ties to other important Catholic figures. He fell often under suspicion from the English government.

Life[edit]

A portrait of John Talbot of Grafton said to be by Cornelius Johnson

The descendant of an influential landowning family (his grandfather Sir John Talbot was lord of the manor of Albrighton and Grafton), John Talbot became a member of Lincoln's Inn, 10 February 1555-6.[2] He was member of Parliament for Droitwich in 1572.[3]

It was when passing through Smithfield, London, in July 1580, with Mr. and Mrs. Talbot, that Robert Johnson, the Catholic martyr, was recognized by Sledd, the informer. Robert Persons calls Robert Johnson "Mr. Talbot's priest", though, as it appears, he was, rather, Lady Petre's. Talbot was committed to the custody of the Dean of Westminster, 24 August 1580, and afterwards removed to the house of his brother-in-law, Sir John Petre, in Aldersgate Street. On 1 October 1581, the plague being then rife in the City, he was moved to some other house within ten or twelve miles of London.[4]

In 1583 the priest, Hugh Hall, confessed that he had in past years been entertained by him. Later Talbot was restricted to the house of one Henry Whitney, at Mitcham, Surrey, and two miles round it. In 1588 he was imprisoned in Wisbech Castle for having heard Mass contrary to the provisions of the statute 23 Eliz. c. i. From 9 Dec., 1588, to about 13 May 1589, he was liberated on bail, owing to his own and his wife's bad health. He then seems to have been restricted to his house in Clerkenwell.[4]

On 12 March 1589-90, he was ordered into confinement at the house of Richard Fiennes at Broughton, Oxfordshire, whence he was released on bail for a fortnight on 24 May 1590. He was again allowed out on bail on 20 December 1590, and 22 July 1591. In 1592 he was at "Bickslie" (Bexley or Bickley?) Kent. On 27 August 1592, the recusants formerly imprisoned at Ely, Banbury, and Broughton were ordered back to their respective prisons; but an exception was made (17 September 1592) in favor of John Talbot. However, next year we find him in Ely gaol. Thence he was liberated on bail for a considerable period to act as umpire in a family dispute.[4]

Later on he was allowed to take "the Bathes", presumably at Bath, on account of his health. Between Michaelmas, 1593, and 10 March following, he paid £120 in fines for recusancy. Afterwards he was imprisoned in Banbury Castle, whence he was released on bail for two months, 27 February 1596-7, his leave being subsequently extended on 29 April 1597, and 6 Nov., 1597.

In 1601 he was living in Worcestershire and pressure was brought to bear on him to secure his influence to promote the candidature of Sir Thomas Leighton as one of the parliamentary representatives of the shire. In 1604 he was paying £20 a month in fines for his recusancy, the benefit of which was on 26 August granted to Sir William Anstruther, who on 13 October in the same year obtained his pardon. On the following 8 December a warrant was issued for the release to him of £160, due from him to the Crown in fines for recusancy.

In 1605 he was suspected of complicity with the conspirators of the Gunpowder Plot, one of whom, Robert Wintour, of Huddington near Droitwich, had married his daughter Gertrude. Robert Wintour, however, declared that he had said nothing on the subject to his father-in-law, knowing that he would not join the plot under any circumstances. Indeed, he had actually driven the fugitive conspirators from his door. Talbot was, nevertheless, arrested, and on 4 December 1605, examined. On 26 September 1606, the value of his recusancy was granted to Lord Hay.

He probably died in 1607, or on 28 January 1611.[5]

Family[edit]

He was the only son and heir of Sir John Talbot, of Grafton, Worcestershire, and of Albrighton, Shropshire (died 6 June 1555), and wife Frances Gifford, daughter of Sir John Gifford, and grandson of Sir John Talbot of Albrighton, Shropshire (died 10 September 1549) by second wife Margaret Troutbeck, daughter of Adam Troutbeck of Mobberley, Chester, in turn a son of Sir Gilbert Talbot by second wife Etheldreda, called Audrey, Cotton, daughter of William Landwade Cotton of Landwade, Cambridgeshire.[6]

He was the father, by Katherine Petre, daughter of Sir William Petre and his second wife, Anne Browne, daughter of Sir William Browne, Lord Mayor of London, of:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TALBOT, John (1545-611), of Grafton, Worcs.". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  2. ^ Rec. of Hon. Soc. of Lincoln's Inn, Admissions, I (London, 1896), 62.
  3. ^ Treadway Russell Nash, History and Antiquities of the County of Worcester I (1782), introduction, xxxii.
  4. ^ a b c Wainewright, John. "John Talbot." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 14. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 20 Mar. 2015
  5. ^ "TALBOT, John (1545-611), of Grafton, Worcs.". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  6. ^ Collins, Arthur and Brydges, Egerton. Collins's Peerage of England; Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Vol.3, F. C. and J. Rivington, Otridge and son, 1812
Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "John Talbot". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  The entry cites:
    • Calendars of State Papers, Domestic, for 1581 to 1610;
    • Dasent, Acts of the Privy Council (London, 1890–1907);
    • John Strype, Life and Acts of John Whitgift, I (Oxford, 1822), 529;
    • ____, Annals of the Reform in England, IV (Oxford, 1824), 276;
    • Hist. MSS. Commission, Cal. of Cecil MSS., IV, 268;
    • Cokayne, Complete Peerage (London, 1887–1898)