John Taylor & Co
John Taylor & Co, commonly known as Taylor's Bell Foundry, Taylor's of Loughborough, or simply Taylor's, is the world's largest working bell foundry. It is in Loughborough, in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England. The business originated in the 14th century and became Taylor's after the Taylor family took over in 1784.
In 2009 Taylors went bankrupt but was bought out of administration by a consortium called UK Bellfoundries Ltd which successfully re-financed and re-established the business. Since then the company has re-established its presence both in the UK and in the North American Carillon and other export markets.
The company manufactures bells for use in clock towers, rings of bells for change ringing, chimes, and carillons. In 2005 John Taylor's had merged with Eayre & Smith Ltd (bellhangers) and from 2005 until 2009 became Taylors Eayre & Smith Ltd.
The Foundry has a museum of bells and bellfounding which is the only one of its kind in the UK. The restoration of the foundry buildings began with the re-opening in 2012 of the foundry's own Campanile which contains the most-pealed bells in the World. It is one of the few Victorian purpose-built manufacturing sites still being used for its original purpose and therefore of considerable heritage merit.
The present company is part of a line of bellfounders dating back to Johannes de Stafford in the 14th century who was also a mayor of Leicester. The Taylor family became involved in 1784 and a foundry was established on the current site in 1839. The Taylors also had foundries in Oxford and St Neots between 1786 and 1854. Taylors were the first bellfounder to adopt "true-harmonic" tuning in the late 19th century. The foundry is based in buildings on Freehold Street which are Grade II* listed.
On 18 September 2009 the company went into administration. Mazars, who had previously been acting as advisors to the company during attempts to secure extra funding were appointed Administrators. On 2 October 2009 it was reported that the administrators were "optimistic about its future." On 15 October 2009, in a statement released by UK Bellfounders Ltd., a consortium of ringers, members of the bell industry and other investors, it was stated that the foundry would reopen on 19 October, reverting to the previous name of John Taylor & Co. Paul Taylor's widow, Mrs Merle Taylor, is Hon President of the new company.
Before September 2009 the foundry was employing 26 people, and since then the new company employs 21 including 4 apprentices.
The National Twelve Bell Contest is competed for annually by the leading teams in England for "The Taylor Trophy".
In 1881 Taylor's cast at Loughborough, "Great Paul", which is the largest British cast bell in Britain, for St Paul's Cathedral London, weighing 17,002 kilograms (37,483 lb) or more than 17 metric tons. Rock band AC/DC used a 2000-pound cast bronze bell for the song, "Hells Bells", which was originally used on the "Back in Black" tour in 1980. Many churches across the world have used bells cast at Taylor's Bell Foundry, including:
- Baird Carillon, a 55 bell carillon at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
- Carlisle Cathedral, 13 bells
- Edith Adamson Memorial Carillon, 25 bell carillon, Newcastle Civic Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne
- Gozo Cathedral, 11 Bells
- Lady St. Mary church, Wareham.
- Liverpool Cathedral bourdon bell "Great George", at 14,900 kg or more than 14 long tons 13 cwt, it is the second largest bell in Britain.
- Loughborough Carillon, (War Memorial) 47 bell carillon
- Manchester Town Hall, 23 bell carillon
- National Carillon, Canberra, 53 bell carillon
- Mount Saint Bernard Abbey, England's first post-reformation RC monastery, 2 bells, cast in 1936
- Singing Tower Carillon, at Lake Wales, Florida. A 60 bell carillon
- Yale Memorial Carillon, 54 bell carillon
- Kibbey Carillon, 53 bell carillon (1963), Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C., USA
- Berkeley Carillon, Sather Tower original (1917) 12 bell chime by Taylor (later expanded to carillon), University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
- WWII Memorial Carillon, 53 bell carillon, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
- Stanton Memorial Carillon, 50 bell carillon (originally a 10 bell chime in 1899, expanded in 1920, 1954, 1967), Iowa State University, Ames,Iowa, USA
- Luray Singing Tower, 47 bell carillon (1937), Luray, Virginia, USA
- Duke Chapel carillon, 50 bell carillon (1932), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
- St. Elisabeth's Church, Reddish
- St. Ethelred's church Horley, Oxfordshire, 2 bells cast in 2013
- St James's Church, Kingston (Isle of Purbeck), United Kingdom
- St. Mary's Church, Southampton
- St. Nicolas' Church, North Stoneham, Hampshire
- Siege Bell, Siege Bell War Memorial, Valletta, Malta. Designed by Michael Sandle and erected in 1992.
- Wellesley College Carillon, 32 bell carillon, (1931, last enlarged in 1990), Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA
- Wells Cathedral, 2 bells cast in 1877
- Sydney, Australia, GPO Clock Tower Bells
- Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Killinghall, bell for chiming clock
- Downside Abbey, Great Bede, The bell for Downside Abbey and School
- The Customs House (No. 13, The Bund), cast in 1927, Shanghai, China
- Foundry Merger Archived 25 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 20 June 2007
- Foundry History Archived 1 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 20 June 2007
- "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- The Sound of Bells accessed 20 June 2007
- Historic England. "Taylor's Bell Foundry (that Part on East Side of Cobden Street) (1002996)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Taylor's Bell Foundry (that Part on West Side of Cobden Street) (1264685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Church Bell Maker Paul Taylor on What's My Line, clip on YouTube
- "Bell foundry faces administration", BBC Leicestershire, 19 September 2009. Retrieved on 21 September 2009
- "No. 59194". The London Gazette. 24 September 2009. p. 16422.
- Largest bell foundry in administration—Mazars plans to sell business as going concern, Accountancy Magazine, 21 September 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- "Hopes high for bell foundry bid", BBC Leicestershire, 2 October 2009. Retrieved on 16 October 2009.
- John Taylor & Co Bellfounders Loughborough—We are open for business! (archive.org), Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, 15 October 2009. Retrieved on 20 October 2009.
- "Historic foundry's future secure", BBC News, 17 October 2009. Retrieved on 20 October 2009.
- Graham Elmes A new Tenor for Wareham p712-714 The Ringing World No 5385 11.7.2014
- Liverpool Cathedral Bells accessed 20 June 2007
- "The Bells Of St Mary's". Parish of Southampton. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
- "North Stoneham: St Nicolas". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. 26 September 2006. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Taylor & Co.|
- Company website
- Panorama of the foundry
- History of the Taylor family
- Sydney GPO (General Post Office) Bells