John Tempest Sr.

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John Tempest (23 April 1710 – 17 May 1776[1]) of Sherburn and Wynyard, County Durham was a landowner and Member of Parliament.

He was born into the Old Durham branch of the Tempest family, the son of John Tempest (1679–1737) and Jane Wharton (1683–1736)[2] and educated at St John's College, Oxford[3]

He inherited the family's extensive landed interests, including the manors of Wynyard (purchased in 1742 for £8,000), The Isle, Kelloe, Old Durham, Brancepeth and Rainton, which helped make them among the largest shippers of coal via Sunderland in the late 18th century. He was Mayor of Hartlepool in 1747 and 1758 and represented the City of Durham in the Parliaments of 1741, 1747, 1754 and 1761.[4][3]

He married Frances Shuttleworth (?–1771), on 5 September 1738. Their son John Tempest Jr. succeeded him in Parliament. Tempest Sr. was an ancestor of the Vane-Tempest-Stewarts, Earls Vane and Marquesses of Londonderry.


  1. ^ Parish Registers St.Nicolas Durham,St.Giles Durham
  2. ^ Robert Surtees,History of Durham,Vol IV,p.93
  3. ^ a b "TEMPEST, John (1710-76), of Sherburn, nr. Durham". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  4. ^ Robert Surtees,History of Durham, Vol. I, Appendix, p. cli
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Shafto
Henry Lambton
Member of Parliament for City of Durham
With: Henry Lambton to 1761
Ralph Gowland 1761–1782
John Lambton from 1762
Succeeded by
John Lambton
John Tempest Jr.