John Temple (diplomat)
John Temple (1731 – 17 November 1798) was the first British consul-general to the United States and the only British diplomat to have been born in what later became the United States. He was sometimes known as (but not universally acknowledged to be) Sir John Temple, 8th Baronet.
John Temple was born in Boston in 1731. His father, Robert Temple (1694–1754), was a captain in the English army, and his mother was Mehibatel Nelson (1691–1775) of Boston.
Temple was politically aligned with the populist faction in Massachusetts politics, and strongly opposed to the domination of colonial rule by Thomas Hutchinson and the Oliver family. Temple may have played a role in the Hutchinson Letters Affair of 1773 that inflamed political tensions in Massachusetts and led to the recall of Hutchinson, who was then governor of the province.
Following the death of Sir Richard Temple, 7th Baronet in 1786, John Temple claimed the Temple Baronetcy of Stowe on the basis of a declaration by George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, but his claim is disputed. It is not recognized, for instance, by Cracroft's Peerage, which considers the baronetcy to be dormant. However, his claim seems to have been generally recognized during his lifetime and his son's, for example by Burke's Peerage.
His eldest son Grenville succeeded to his claim to the baronetcy.
- Sir Grenville Temple, 9th Baronet (1768–1829), who married Elizabeth Watson. After his death, he was buried in the English Cemetery, Florence.
- Elizabeth Bowdoin Temple (1769–1825), who married Thomas Lindall Winthrop (1760–1841), who later became the 13th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts.
- Augusta Grenville Temple (1779–1852), who married William Lambe Palmer of England, a British army captain with the 18th Light Dragoons.
Templed died 17 November 1798.
Through his eldest son Sir Grenville Temple, he was the grandfather of Sir Grenville Temple, the 10th Baronet (1799-1847), who published "Travels in Greece and Turkey and the Mediterranean", in 1843.
- Wilson, James Grant (1893). The Memorial History of the City of New-York: From Its First Settlement to the Year 1892. New York History Company. p. 124. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "No. 12625". The London Gazette. 26 February 1785. p. 109.
- Vile, John R.; Pierce, William (2015). The Wisest Council in the World: Restoring the Character Sketches by William Pierce of Georgia of the Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. University of Georgia Press. p. 43. ISBN 9780820347721. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Temple of Stowe, co. Buckingham (E Baronet, 1611–1786)". Cracroft's Peerage.
- John Burke (1832). Burke's Peerage. II (fourth ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 530.
- North, Louise V. (2014). The Travel Journals of Henrietta Marchant Liston: North America and Lower Canada, 1796–1800. Lexington Books. p. 13. ISBN 9780739195512. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Burke, Bernard (1869). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: Harrison. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Augusta Grenville Temple (1779-1852) (Replica), (painting)". collections.si.edu. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Stuart, Gilbert (1806). "Lady John Temple (Elizabeth Bowdoin)". arcade.nyarc.org. The Frick Art Reference Library. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Patrick M. Geoghegan (2002). "Appendix A". Robert Emmet: A Life. McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 273–275. ISBN 0-7735-2542-4.
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