John Vaughan Thompson

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John Vaughan Thompson
Doctor John Vaughan Thompson wearing the uniform of an officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps.
Doctor John Vaughan Thompson wearing the uniform of an officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps. Painting by D. Roux, London, circa August 1835.
Born (1779-11-19)November 19, 1779
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died January 21, 1847(1847-01-21) (aged 67)
Sydney, Australia
Resting place Headstone was at Glouster St., Cemetery NO. 451 later removed to La Perouse, Sydney.
Residence 136 Liverpool Street, Sydney
Nationality British
Alma mater University of Edinburgh (1797–1798)
Known for Pentacrinus Europæus, Crab metamorphosis, Barnacles, Polyzoa
Spouse(s)
  • Martha Solomon (married 1817–1832)
  • Deborah Cox (married 1835)
Children 8 children

John Vaughan Thompson FLS (November 19, 1779 – January 21, 1847) was a British military surgeon, marine biologist, zoologist, botanist, and published naturalist.[1]

Early years[edit]

John Vaughan Thompson was born in British controlled Brooklyn on Long-Island in the Province of New York, North America on the 19 November 1779. The family returned to England sometime after the American victory in the American War of Independence.

He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh (1797–1798), reading anatomy, surgery, midwifery and botany before joining the Army in 1799.[2]

Work[edit]

He grew up around Berwick-upon-Tweed where he wrote his first book A Catalogue of Plants Growing in the Vicinity of Berwick Upon Tweed which was published in 1807.[3] In each of his military postings such as the West Indies and Guiana (1800–1809), Mauritius and Madagascar (1812–1816), he continued his natural history studies with two of his papers being read before the Linnean Society on London in 1807, the first On the genus Kaempferia in April 1807 and the second An Account of Some New Species of Piper in June, both of these were submitted on his behalf by Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth F.R.S and L.S.[4]

In 1816, he was posted to Cork in Ireland as Surgeon to the forces and later as Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals. While in Cork he published several works including "Zoological researches and illustrations" (1828)[2] which is listed as having been taken by Charles Darwin on his famous Second voyage of HMS Beagle[5]

Selected works[edit]

  • A Catalogue of Plants Growing in the Vicinity of Berwick Upon Tweed, 1807[3]
  • An Account of Some New Species of Piper, with a Few Cursory Observations on the Genus, 1807[4]
  • Description of a New Species of The Genus Mus, Belonging to the Section of Pouched Rats, 1812
  • A Catalogue of The Exotic Plants cultivated in the Mauritius...", Nov 1816[7]
  • Memoir of the Pentacrinus Europaeus: a recent species discovered in the cove of Cork, July 1, 1823, 1827
  • Zoological Researches and Illustration, 1828
  • Pentacrinus Europaeus and the Star Fish, 1829
  • Contributions Towards the Natural History of the Dodo (Didus Ineptus Lin.), a Bird which Appears to Have Become Extinct Towards the End of the Seventeenth Century Or Beginning of the Eighteenth Century, 1829
  • On Polyzoa, a New Animal Discovered as an Inhabitant of Some Zoophites, 1830
  • Zoological Researches, and Illustrations Or Natural History Nondescript Or Imperfectly Known Animals: in a Series of Memoirs, 1830
  • The Pestilential Cholera Unmasked, and Its Real Nature and Treatment Developed: with More Effectual Means of Prevention, Proofs of Its Contagious Nature, and a Sketch of Its History and Progress. To which is Prefixed an Outline of the Symptoms, and of the Indian Or Ordinary Plan of Treatment, 1832
  • Discovery of the Metamorphosis in the Second Type of the Cirripedes, Viz. the Lepades: Completing the Natural History of These Singular Animals, and Confirming Their Affinity with the Crustacea, 1835
  • Memoir on the Star-fish of the Genus Comatula, Demonstrative of the Pentacrinus Europaeus Being the Young of Our Indigenous Species, 1836
  • Statement of the Case of Jas. Mitchell, Esq., Late Surgeon on the Civil Establishment of New South Wales, 1938
  • Figures and Descriptions of Canadian Organic Remains, Decade IV Page 67 "Genus Comatula", 1859

Death[edit]

In 1835, he was transferred to Sydney, Australia as Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals in New South Wales, a position he held till he retired in 1844. He Died at his home in Sydney, New South Wales on 21 January 1847.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Vaughan Thompson". wilson-mciver.com. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Wheeler, Alwyne (30 August 1975). "Thompson: Marine Biologist". British Medical Journal. BMJ1975. 3 (5982): 534. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5982.534. 
  3. ^ a b Thompson, John. A Catalogue of Plants Growing in the Vicinity of Berwick Upon Tweed. London. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "An Account of some new Species of Piper, with a few cursory Observations on the Genus". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 9. 1808. 
  5. ^ "Books on the Beagle". Darwin Correspondence Project. Archived from the original on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  6. ^ IPNI.  J.V.Thomps. 
  7. ^ "A Forgotten work by John Vaughan Thompson" Proceedings of the Royal Society of Arts & Sciences of Mauritius Vol1, Part 3, 1953